I think that Craig may be 1/2 to 1 USDA climate zone colder than Hurricane. I expect that there is enough genetic diversity in the Hurricane pistachios to easily bridge that gap. With the wilder Iranian pistachios from Logan, we are only able to trial dozens of seeds per year. Someone could aspire to plant thousands of the Hurricane pistachios in a short row, and let them self-select for vigor and winter hardiness.
The Hurricane pistachios have another thing going for them, which is that they are more domesticated, and likely to yield larger nuts that split easier. For my personal use, I don't mind at all if I have to split pistachios.
I am collaborating with people in Grand Junction Colorado to increase the diversity of pistachios grown there. We know of three mature trees. They are miles apart so are not getting pollinated, and no viable nuts are being produced. We are growing seedlings, and aspiring to graft male branches onto the female trees.
We started several trials this year at high elevations across southern Colorado.
I've tried a lot of varieties of table grapes. By far the most flavorful are those with seeds. Sure I gotta make the choice between chewing up the seeds or spitting them out, and seeded table grapes don't go over well at farmer's market, but for me and my friends, eating fresh fruit in the garden, I'd go for seeded grapes every time.
"Nearly No Vitamin D" is not the same as zero. The people that measure such things report that in my city today, even with completely overcast conditions, that ultraviolet radiation is about 10% of what is available on a clear day in mid summer, tomorrow is expected to be closer to 20%. Still, supplements are easy. This time of year, my local pharmacy is typically out of stock on Vitamin D tablets.
I suspect there are also other beneficial biological processes that are enhanced by being outside in fresh air, and natural lighting, regardless of diminished UV rays.
We don't require that people use their legal names, nor that they be in English. About half of the staff have usernames that are made up names.
We only require that the names sound like they could belong to human beings. If Alma Tierra is your legal name, we may allow it as a username. If it's a moniker or nickname, then it becomes problematic.
We get a lot a requests for names like Earth Goddess, Land Guardian, Great Farmer, etc... They don't sound like names that parents would give to their biological children. "Alma Tierra" falls into that same category for our Spanish speaking staff, which is why the name was flagged for further inquiry.
I built and lived in an envelope house in northern Utah. The inner and outer envelope walls and ceilings were insulated as if they were stand alone houses. An insulated box, inside an insulated box with an airspace between them. There was a single wall on the east and west. A solarium on the south side. A 1 foot wide envelope on the north side, and between ceilings. The entire basement was part of the envelope.
South facing windows were vertical. Made from sliding glass door replacement panels, because they were the most affordable glass. No overhang. There were a few sliding glass doors between the solarium and the inner house.
Here's what over-easy eggs look like when cooked in cast iron at my place.
It's like any cooking: You get out what you put in. If you put soot into your recipe, expect soot to come out of it. In other words, if your pan has charred food in it before you start cooking, you can expect it to get transferred to the food. If anything gets charred in my cast iron skillet, I clean it thoroughly before cooking anything else. I'm not a fan of soot or charcoal in my food.
If that was my pan, I would scrape it vigorously to remove the charred food. Perhaps even scraping while vinegar or water is boiling in the bottom of the pan. Then scrub it vigorously with a stainless steel scrubbing pad to get back down to bare metal. Then start over on seasoning the pan. Light coat of flax-seed oil in the oven at 350 F for an hour is typical in my home when starting a new seasoning coat for cast iron. The stainless steel scouring pads that I use are sold at all the local grocery stores. Sometimes I see copper pads which are similar.
On a sorta related topic, the cooked egg in the original post looks like it was cooked on very high heat. Cast iron cookware seems more suitable to me when used on medium to low heat. The pan's seasoning gets burned by high temperatures.
I typically rinse the cast iron pans as soon as the food is served. Perhaps with a light scrub using a stainless steel pad. Food rarely sticks to them when properly seasoned and used on low/medium heat.
I grew a wild type C melo one year. Ended up throwing away my entire year's seed and breeding work, because the fruit was poisonous, and I couldn't take the risk that it had shed poison pollen into the patch.
I did the same type of taste testing with the pepo winter squash. Culled any with white-ish flesh (bleck), or with woody skins.
I wonder if the fruits with fuzzy skin would be resistant to insects and/or the diseases that they carry?
I avoided growing pepo winter squash for years, because I thought they were bland and tasteless. Then I said to myself, "Duh!". I realized that if I want great tasting squash, I can breed them myself, therefore, I started tasting every fruit before saving seeds from it. Just like I do with every other species. The flavor has come a long way in the 4 years since I adopted that strategy for the pepo squash. They are actually worth eating now!!! Yum.
It's been 14 months since I started playing guitar.
My fingertips are finally strong and stable. That was the slowest part of learning, developing the physical ability to press the strings. For many months, my eagerness to play was not matched by the strength of my fingertips. Now, I can easily play for an hour without risking damage to my fingertips.
The guitar sits right next to my computer, right out in the open, so at any moment, I can pick it up and play something. I pick it up several times per day, or more. Sometimes for a few minutes, sometimes for an hour.
I'm getting pretty proficient. For example, today I played "You are my sunshine" in 5 different keys without having the music written out. I often practice with my eyes closed, which gives me lots of practice finding chords and strings to strum or pick.
Things that I have found helpful:
Following at drum circles
Leading at drum circles
Paying close attention to how/what others are playing at drum circles
Playing with the radio (sometimes I get it right, usually not)
Lots of frequent short practices
Learning chord names so that I can talk with other musicians
Recording myself so that I can listen months later and notice progress
Attempting to play both by ear and from music
Keeping the guitar nearby and handy
I struggle with dead and buzzing strings from having thick fingers (or bad technique). I have not practiced tablature at all, and my strumming patterns remain rudimentary, though I do Travis and finger picking.
I started playing guitar at the same time I started training to become a yoga teacher, so the two activities got merged together in my subconscious.
For bottling, I followed the recommendations of the National Center for Home Food Preservation.
The recipe is to peel and cube the squash and bring to boiling, then hot pack into jars and pressure cook. I peel them with a potato peeler. Seeds get saved and washed in a colander, then put under a fan to dry.
For quart jars at my altitude, and with my equipment, processing time was 90 minutes. I use a jiggling pressure gauge, because it's much easier (for me) to listen for an occasional jiggle than to watch a dial. Pints would have only required 55 minutes, and might have resulted in a better tasting product. However, quart jars hold about 16 ounces of pumpkin, and most recipes based on store bought pumpkin call for a 15 ounce can of pumpkin, so I used quart jars to match the expected recipes.
There was an error in the recipe. It said that 16 pounds of cubed squash was needed to fill 7 quart jars. The actual amount required was 9 pounds. Therefore, I froze the rest, also in 16 ounce packages. Except for what I ate for supper!
I am sunning for an hour a day, whenever sunlight is available about noon. It's getting quite chilly, but the sun really warms my skin so I usually don't notice the cold. On warmer days, without a breeze, I go to the lake. On colder or breezy days, I sun at home in a little alcove protected from the wind, where the sun can bounce off two walls, and warm me further.
I preserved butternut squash pie filling last night. Both frozen and bottled. Sure looks pretty when done on a human scale by loving hands and with singing and dancing for the crop from seed, to harvest, to preservation.
Like most things, I'm of the opinion that it depends. I have a friend with chemical sensitivity, and it seems to me like psycho-somatic symptoms play some role in her allergic reactions. So at least for her, I would expect that not smelling the fragrances would equate to not reacting to them, at least some of the time.
While on the topic, loss of sense of smell is a symptom of vitamin D deficiency, so I wonder if keeping people indoors, and covering their faces so that they get insufficient sun exposure to get enough vitamin D is leading to more viral infections. The corrolary being, I wonder if the loss of sense of smell is not a symptom of the virus at all, but a symptom of the vitamin deficiency which made people susceptible to the virus in the first place?
If the low-voltage cut-off of the inverter kicked in, the most straight forward explanation is that the battery is fully discharged. I don't have any reason to doubt the functionality of the inverter, or the rope lights. The simplest explanation is that the battery didn't get fully charged, and was mostly depleted before the inverter and lights were connected.
The test that I recommend, is to fully charge the battery with a 30 Amp charger for a minimum of 3.5 hours, or a 10 Amp charger for at least 10 hours. (Or with the trickle charger on grid current for 5 days). Then see how long the LED light string will operate.
Can't take energy out of a battery that was never put into it to start with.
I speculate that the battery isn't getting fully charged in the first place... A trickle charger doesn't put out enough energy to charge a 100 Amp hour battery in any reasonable time frame, maybe not at all. They are designed essentially to counteract the slow leakage of charge due to the internal chemistry of the battery, they are not much use for charging a depleted battery. If the trickle charger is putting out 1 Amp (a typical rating), it would take 100 hours to charge a 100 Amp-hour battery. That's 4 days and 4 hours!!!
I expect a fully charged lead/acid battery to have a voltage closer to 14.4 volts. A typically recommended charging rate for a 100 Amp-hour battery is 30 Amps. Which will charge it in about 3.5 hours if fully depleted.
Ha! This is the same type of math that I apply to plant pollination. The inverse square of the radius lowers the odds dramatically. Plants are super-likely to be pollinated by the plant closest to them, and very unlikely to be pollinated by pollen from further away. In the case of the missile, we speculate that it would demolish about a city block and all of the people/families in it, and the area of the missile range covers a huge number of city blocks. Car crashes are a super localized event, the passengers are inside the car, thus much more likely to be damaged by a malfunction or accident.
Eliot: The publishing standards is to be nice... THAT covid related thread attracted a lot of not-niceness, and about half of the posts in the thread ended up getting deleted. Nothing personal. Oh My! The apple cores were being awarded quickly.
The staff here are volunteers. We'd rather be doing something lovely around the homestead instead of moderating. The cider press, is a place where people can expect posts to be deleted rather than put on probation. Probation takes up huge amounts of staff time.
Sometimes we try to be specific about what we believe does not match publishing standards. For example, we might say that calling someone an retard is not nice... Then if the post gets edited to call them a dumbfuck, it still doesn't meet publishing standards. Or if the retard comment is left with a note added that being a retard is really not a bad thing, it still doesn't meet publishing standards.
Staff tend to be very reluctant to put something on probation a second time. Either it meets publishing standards on the first request to edit, or expect the post to get deleted. Eventually on THAT thread, we adopted a policy of no probation allowed, only deleting of posts that don't meet publishing standards. Even a hint of not-nice is enough to get a post deleted in THAT thread. "Not-nice" being determined by the most tender-hearted moderator that looks at it.
THAT thread ended up being a cluster-fuck for the moderators. In the end, we did triage on it as best we could as unpaid, untrained, volunteers.
Some of my favorite scientists are open to the possibility that some scientists are fallible, and are subject to conscious/unconscious bias, to conflicts of interest, and to errors in protocols, understanding, and judgement.
Dr. Richard Horton, current editor of The Lancet wrote:“The case against science is straightforward: much of the scientific literature, perhaps half, may simply be untrue. Afflicted by studies with small sample sizes, tiny effects, invalid exploratory analyses, and flagrant conflicts of interest, together with an obsession for pursuing fashionable trends of dubious importance, science has taken a turn towards darkness.”
Dr. Marcia Angel, past editor of The New England Journal of Medicine wrote:“It is simply no longer possible to believe much of the clinical research that is published, or to rely on the judgment of trusted physicians or authoritative medical guidelines. I take no pleasure in this conclusion, which I reached slowly and reluctantly over my two decades as an editor of The New England Journal of Medicine.”
I have been studying the biochemistry of human nutrition for 4 decades. It's astonishing how much the science has changed in that time. I expect it to continue to change, just as dramatically as it has in the past.
I worked for 20 years as a research chemist. The horror stories that I could tell... Eventually, I left science behind, and turned to subsistence farming in a monastery as the thing furthest from that mentality. These days, I do plant breeding as a druid artist. I'm much happier that way.
Greg: I didn't pay specific attention to whether or not these plants had normal male flowers. In this population, in the F2 and beyond, the male-sterility trait undergoes normal Mendelian segregation. Seed set is abundant, indicating that the plants are happy about the new genetics.
Eric: I razed the greenhouse down to bare dirt, and gave away or trashed all of the equipment. Sunk costs to build it were around $2000 and 3 weeks of labor. I have 4 months to figure out an alternative.
I consider myself to be a subsistence farmer. Not a homesteader, because to me, homesteading seems like something that people do who are tired of the city, and want to live in the country. I have lived a country life, like all of my ancestors for as long as anyone can remember. When I was growing up, we ate what we could grow on the farm, and harvest from the mountains or rivers. While we grew grain and made bread, we didn't eat the grain that we grew, we sold it to the mill for cleaning, and milling. And then bought clean grain, flour, or bread from the mill or bakery.
My homes have always been multi-functional spaces. Kitchen. Workshop. Office. Pantry. Kitchens are huge with lots of storage space to accommodate the tools of production. A pantry (or two) just off the kitchen holds prepared and raw foods. A couple of freezers allow easy storage of meat and vegetables.
I do not consider myself to be a permaculturalist, because again, that seems like something that city folks do when they are tired of living in the city, and want to live in the country. Then they start mimicking what country folks have been doing for millennia.
I do not consider myself to be self-sufficient. I live in a community, and I'm perfectly happy trading vegetables for milk, meat, or services.
I have always been entangled with nature. I kill meat with my own hands, and rub an animals blood on my forehead and arms in token of our connection, and in remembrance of my violence. I am also violent when I eat vegetables. It's my natural state as part of nature.
I haven't had a TV in my adult life, and don't watch movies or media. That frees up like 5 hours a day for me to play, think, and write. Other people spend that much time nearly comatose in front of a flashing screen. I don't worry about the current crisis of the day, because I don't know what it is, and I wouldn't care if I did. Disease is always with us. Politicians have always acted like politicians. Nothing to worry about on either front.
If homesteading requires someone to live off grid, then I'm really not a homesteader. I like hot and cold running water, and heat during the winter. The grid is ubiquitous and reliable, even in the boonies.
The alleged pandemic has not affected my life in rural areas. My rural community lives like we always have. Hugging, touching, smiling, breathing freely. I stopped going to the city, cause people in the city have adopted all sorts of weird rituals. I miss my city friends, but they get to choose how they want to live, just as my people do.