Instant pot is just a fancy pressure cooker/multicooker but it seems like a great idea, especially for people who don't already have a good pressure cooker. It would also be great for anyone with a small kitchen.
Pressure cookers make the best bone broth! They extract ALL the gelatin from cartilage.
When I'm cooking a tough roast, I will usually fry up onions and load them into my slow cooker. Then I will put more fat in the pan and brown all the surfaces of the meat. Then the meat goes into the slow cooker and some liquid is used to cover it (fruit juice can be really good). The last time I did this, chunks of sweet potatoes and parsnips went in as well. Carrots and regular potatoes are more traditional.
I would call fat from sheep tallow rather than lard. I save the word "lard" for pig fat. Tallow is more saturated than lard, which means it is firmer or harder. Lard is partially unsaturated, which makes it softer. Both are good for cooking, although of course the flavor varies. Soap is a great use for fat that doesn't taste good.
The finest fat for baking, in my opinion, is "leaf lard" from around the kidneys of a pig. This can make a bright white fat without much porky flavor. The best fat for cooking, again of course in my opinion, is regular lard from a pig, like from rendered back fat. I tend to render lard in my oven. I will run the fat through the meat grinder, removing meat bits, and then spread it out in a wide pan. I cook it at a low temp and collect the fat multiple times. The first few pours are the whitest, and towards the end the fat has more brown color and more pork flavor. For many uses, that's just fine! The crunchy brown bits left at the end are cracklings, and great to salt and sprinkle on something, like a casserole or corn bread.
Beef tallow is also great for cooking, especially for cooking onions. French onion soup, anyone? (That's traditional - onions cooked in beef fat and then in beef broth.) More saturated fat is less likely to go rancid. Beef tallow is famous for making the best french fries, and there are stories of restaurants who never throw away their oil, just strain out the bits and keep re-using it. That's not going to work with canola oil!
I haven't had enough experience with sheep fat to comment.
I'm making a turmeric infusion most nights, to help with plantar fasciosis. Sometimes 2 cups of chicken broth but lately more like 1.5 cups of water and 0.5 cup homemade chicken broth, then simmer with 3/4 tspn turmeric, a couple grinds of black pepper and a bit of salt. The chicken broth provides fat, which helps with absorption, and some collagen (because it's homemade broth and a gel at fridge temperature).
I simmer for 10 minutes, ideally, then pour into a big mug and add some ice cubes to make it drinkable. I have made it by pouring boiling water onto turmeric powder and covering the cup, that way there's no stirring, but I think the long simmer is better. It's notably helpful as an anti-inflammatory.
Jocelyn Campbell wrote: Though what helped me reduce the grease even more than that was to stop using soap. I think my body was cranking out excess oil as protection against the constant stripping action of the soap! My skin is far less greasy now.
Hear, hear! Soap is over rated. (BTW, acne is not the result of too much oil. Acne is when your pores get clogged, and it's sebum, not oil.) I think many people would be surprised with how nice their skin could become if they simply washed with water and a rough cloth and applied a little coconut oil if that treatment left them feeling dry.
When I was in high school, people told me I needed to remove the oil from my face, and I tried and tried. There was this stuff called Sea Breeze - I bought it by the gallon! The more I stripped off oil, the more oil my skin produced.
Last night my older daughter asked "So, are you guys doing anything for Valentine's Day?"
I looked over at Eliot.
He said "Um, we got some cows."
Which is true - we just got some Dexter cattle: a 3 or 4 year old cow, a yearling bull and a yearling heifer.
This sounds fun! I had a great time when Cassie and John and I drove out from the Portland area and stayed for the staff retreat, or whatever it was called. I'm looking at the weekend of June 8-10, maybe leave work early on Friday the 8th, then take off Monday and Tuesday, so we'd get there Friday night, have Saturday and Sunday and Monday and then travel back on Tuesday the 12th. The only issue I can see is that I would be missing the last days of my younger daughter's school year - I don't know if I need to be around to push her to finish projects and such.
I would greatly prefer to share the trip with others. In fact, my family has nothing but 100% electric vehicles, and mine, an e-Golf, has just 120 miles of range so that would necessitate multiple stops. My husband's car is a Chevy Bolt, it has 240 miles of range and has already been to Wheaton Labs. You just have to arrange meals and rest stops around charging stations. Still, if someone had a regular gasoline car, I'd gladly help out with gas money! I have tents enough to share, so don't let that stop you. My new favorite way to sleep outdoors is in a tent hammock, but I think I'd still want a tent to hold stuff and for changing clothes.
Anyway, if you live near Portland, or can get to Portland Oregon, maybe we can share the trip!
When I lived in Wisconsin, it seemed like Holstein steers were considered "hamburger beef." I can't say I have any personal experience with it. I'd be a little concerned that they will require at least some grain to gain weight, since their genetics are developed on being fed more than just grass.
Dairy cattle are not dual purpose - they just don't make good beef. You might want to get two and plan on eating them yourself, before you sell them to others. (Two because cattle don't like to be alone.)
I think walnut oil could work well. It's not as saturated as coconut oil, but I don't think that's important if you're using it to brush your teeth. Generally brushing is effective because it removes any bits of food (that the bacterial colonies could utilize to fuel tooth decay) and it disturbs and partially destroys the bacterial colonies.
Coconut oil has a reputation for being anti-bacterial and I honestly don't know how that works. Walnut oil doesn't have that reputation, as far as I know, but I don't know much about walnut oil (other than it is delicious, and expensive, and a source of omega threes).
Thanks for another interesting video, Matt. FYI, my professors pronounced vagus "vay-gus," but I'm sure it's pronounced differently in different places.
My definition of constipation is similar to yours, but it includes the consistency of the stool. If the stool is hard it has a tendency to clump together and make large "rocks," and that's not good. The frequency of stool passage isn't really important - it's the ease of stool passage. A breastfeeding baby can go days between BMs. This is because most of the milk is absorbed, but also because a baby doesn't move around much, and moving around is a stimulant for your gut moving. If you eat a couple bites of food and then you have abdominal pain, that's often constipation as well. (OK, if you eat a couple bites of food and your abdominal pain culminates in diarrhea, that's obviously a different thing, although also a demonstration of the gastrocolic reflex.)
As I get older, my sleep gets more interrupted. My mom, who is nearing 80, has a good attitude about night time wakefulness. She says she just lies quietly and tells herself that she is still resting her body. Of course, it helps if your schedule is more flexible.
Matt Walker wrote: Some day I will probably do a gene test, now that they are so common. Do you know if the usual ones test for this? I suppose I'll go look into it. Thanks again!
Apparently 23 and me will test for them. There's a test I can send on my patients that is aimed at psychiatric medications (it generates a list of recommended and not recommended medications in multiple categories) and it includes testing for at least a couple MTHFR mutations.
It's not especially associated with gut problems, but it is associated with depression and issues with B-vitamins. The B vitamin issues may be bypassed via an all meat diet, sort of like the vitamin C issue,
Aside from that, wow, Matt, I'm sorry you had to go through all that, and I'm glad that you've found something that works for you! I've had occasional gut issues (mine seem to be stress related, as in finals week when I was a student)but I can't imagine having an unhappy gut most of my life. I'm glad your PCP is cool, and I'm sorry the first gastroenterologist you encountered was an old fart.
I believe that this could a quite healthy diet, probably not for all people (I firmly believe that different people do well on different diets, and this is why it's so hard to do good research on the health effects of food) but I can't imagine following this kind of diet myself.
I love food. For my first 35 years I could eat as much as I want of pretty much anything (probably helped by the fact that I didn't really like junk food). Over the last, um, more than 10 years I've been slowly gaining weight, but I can't imagine giving up the variety. Strawberries in spring, apples in the fall, lambsquarters in an omelette. . . . mmmmmm.
Fascinating. Well, as a doctor with a Master's Degree in Nutrition, I can state that there are essential amino acids, and essential fatty acids, but no essential carbohydrates. There have definitely been multiple populations with carnivorous or near-carnivorous diets in human history.
The only concern I would have would be for gut flora and colon function. The gut flora thrive on fiber, and meat is low in fiber. Similarly, I would worry that a super low fiber diet would lead to constipation. Perhaps if you have no dairy that makes a difference?
Piero Soligo wrote:I'm considering Washington (for buying land) because it doesn't collect state taxes. I just want to be near Portland so there are more employment opportunities for my family if I bring them with me at a later time. I'm looking for flat/ somewhat sloped land, forested is ok but with enough access to the sun for a solar system. Mainly, something that has an affordable rent that would allow for the use of the land.
An ideal site would be one in which I could develop a mini demonstration site where I could offer PDC once I get my Permaculture design diploma. Of course, for that it would be better to own the site.
OK, so the proximity to Portland is for family members to have employment opportunities - it's not that you plan to earn money in Portland? Because, if you earn more than a couple thousand dollars in Oregon, you need to pay Oregon income tax, even if you don't live in Oregon. You can read about that here.
If you plan to travel to Portland with any frequency, your quality of life goes up if you don't have to endure the traffic on the 205 or the 5 trying to get across the Columbia River.
We have a farm, 40 acres, in Beavercreek Oregon, about half an hour south of Portland. It's possible you could rent some land from us - we had a young man in a tiny house stay in our fourth pasture through the summer and fall. He did carpentry work on the farm in exchange for the space for his house and car. His work ethic, or more precisely his "clean up after himself" ethic left something to be desired, but anyway, opportunities exist in Oregon as well as Washington. We're having solar panels installed on the goat barn - the panels are up, we still need to build a secure room inside for all the rest of the equipment - so a person with solar expertise is intriguing. Our long term plan for the property is agro-tourism, we are refurbishing the main house on the property to be a vacation rental and possibly a meeting place and educational center. Eventually we'd like to have multiple places to rent in various beautiful locations, kind of like your place in Puerto Rico.
Piero Soligo wrote:Hi, I'm deciding on moving to WA and wanted to know if anyone have any feedback about my 2 options:
Buying land - It is super expensive, but I would recreate an eco-lodge I developed in Puerto Rico ( ficustemple.com )
Renting land- I would build a movable shipping container tiny-home and I would make an agreement with the land owner to lease a small portion of a land (.25 acre max). I planned on offering monthly rent, permaculture services or both and all I would need would be access to water. The only thing I need is to be, at least, 50minutes max from Portland.
So I'm curious - why are you considering Washington and not Oregon, if you wish to be within a less than one hour journey from Portland? What sort of land are you hoping for? Forested, sunny, flat, sloped. . . ?
Devon Olsen wrote:I've noticed that there seems to be a common claim of reduced cramps when eliminating artificial materials in the chosen blood collection device(think rayon, non organic cotton etc) does this ring true for all of you ladies on permies or does it only occur for a few of you?
I'm not familiar with that, but there could be some who feel that. I'm happy with the Diva Cup, because it is re-usable and thus doesn't generate waste. It's always there and always ready. I suppose it is also pretty inert and thus not generating anything to be absorbed by mucous membranes.
The best solution I know for difficult periods is "period control pills," as I'd like to rename birth control pills. They're not 100% perfect for birth control, but they work very well for moderating difficult periods. And, given that most women are not interested in bearing a child every 12-15 months, putting ovulation on hold via OCPs instead of actual pregnancy seems wise.
Here's a story from the Washington Post that features a 32 yr old who bought a farm from a retiring farmer. Although, reading the text, it appears she bought the business and still doesn't own the land. Both the original farmer and Liz Whitehurst lease the land from a couple in their 70's.
I'm with you on the coolness of seeing the fire. This double shoebox design is a lot closer to the masonry heaters I've seen. Are the buff and the pink bricks (in the drawings) both firebricks? [Edit: after following your link above - yes, I think they are both different kinds of firebricks. Maybe the pink ones are more insulative but not as strongly fired as the lighter colored ones? You need the hard-fired bricks for where you load the wood, but can use a different sort of fire brick for the upper fire box.]
It looks like the outside can be built with ordinary building bricks. I am familiar with buff colored fire bricks, these are required for high heat locations like the core of a rocket mass heater. The lighter colored bricks are protecting the outer plain bricks from heat, along with a piece of thinner white material. I just don't know much about different grades of firebrick yet.
I'm not clear on if there is an insulated spot for secondary burn/reburn of wood gases, etc. I tend to think about vertical risers, not horizontal ones, so I'm confused by that turn of phrase. Is it insulated under the glass cooktop? (Also curious how you cut a glass cooktop.)
Judith Browning wrote:We've read the books, well not the third one yet since it's still not finished, but the first two and also 'The Slow Regard of Silent Things' which is really my favorite !
You've given me the perfect gift idea for Steve....thank you!
Yeah, we're all waiting for that third book! Luckily the first two stand up to multiple rereads - there is so much there that you miss the first time. Another gift idea is the new 10th Anniversary Edition of The Name of the Wind, which is very beautiful. It has red ink on the edges of the pages (like a bible) and it's full of illustrations and has extra stuff at the back about currency and the maps and such.
I am ashamed to say that I've only played Tak a couple of times. It is a fun game, I need to get my husband playing it (but I know he'll beat me, maybe that's why I'm hesitating).