I’ve always viewed the terms this way
Recycle: broken down to be remade onto some other product. Not something the individual does but something done but larger processes in special facilities.
Reuse: using the item for essentially its original purpose (like cleaning and reusing used ziplock bags)
Repurpose: using the item for a purpose different than its original but without significant alteration or change in value (using my old creamer bottles to store lentils or as a pencil holder)
Upcycle: frankly this could be combined with repurpose and the definition could be expanded to any use different than its original purpose regardless of amount of alteration or change in relative value. But if it’s to be its own term then it would be anything with significant alterations and or increase in value. By value I don’t mean necessarily monetary value. Altering my creamer bottles into fancy dolled up pencil holders I sell on Etsy may count but so could using those bottles to build a greenhouse or melting them into plastic bricks.
This concludes today’s edition of “my opinion no one asked for or needed”
Haha one of those ask forgiveness not permission sort of things? I think that'd probably work. In my experience the city sends warnings before fines anyway.
I've considered putting the wildflowers in beds so they look more like a weird flower garden than anything else. It's a little wasteful of space and in the end the edging may get lost in the greenery but perhaps it would help.
Thanks for the advice guys. I'll see if I can't find anything about ordinances, perhaps my research will be more fruitful going forward. In the end I will probably rely on a combination of my neighbors not caring and the city giving a warning before they start giving me fines.
Quick question: I have a big lawn I don’t want to mow so I’d like to convert half to a wildflower field (1/4acreish) but I’ve been warned the city may not let me. Is this a thing? How do I find out if I can do this without getting fined to death? My google-fu has failed me so far.
I'm also a developer and have been considering this! I'm starting with a plant database with advanced search functionality (searching for companion plants for x plant or plants with y water needs that are perennial and zone z, etc) but these are all interesting features to consider. As such I'd also be quite keen on learning what folk would be interested in.
I think the hardest part would getting the disparate sub-tools to work smoothly and easily together in an overall app and finding ways to make this more useful than just writing your notes on paper or typing them into a sheet. Data visualization would be one easy way to make this more useful to the end-user. Being able to see plant productivity over time or some data vis around your animals' health might be nice, etc. Being able to utilize data from related IoT devices like moisture sensors (again with some data vis to make things easier to grock) would be super cool but it would rely on a hardware with an open API.
Were you thinking as far as tech stack? Are you going to go native mobile or like mobile web or just web?
Forgive me if this is a stupid question but I am but a humble noob. I finally got a house and I have a giant yard. I’m not growing tons my first year so I’ll be left with about half an acre of grass to mow. I was thinking about throwing around a bunch of wildflower and clover seed to cover a large part of the unused yard so I won’t have to mow so much and so the birds and bees will have plenty of food (also that nitrogen fixing goodness). My question is this: if I plant a metric crap-ton of flowers is it possible there will be more than the pollinators can pollinate? Like is it possible the bees will be too caught up in the mass of wildflowers to pollinate my veggies? Again, sorry if it’s a dumb question.
So I'm living in a place I don't intend to stay and trying to build a bed on an exceptionally tight budget (I have maybe $20 in spending cash every 2 weeks).
I want to make my bed temporary and cheap so I was considering, rather than buying wood, perhaps building it from cheap landscape cloth and a wooden frame. Has anyone seen anything or tried anything like this?
I was going to build a box structure from scraps of wood about 1x1", probably with posts every 2' and then staple the fabric on 5 sides (leaving the top open obviously). I don't know if this would be sturdy enough for a 8'x2'x1' structure (or maybe 2 4' long boxes). I could also reinforce it with a wire mesh like chicken wire. I'd look into getting scrap wood to build with but I don't have the tools to cut large pieces of wood.
As an aside, I'm building said bed on concrete. I've read this requires a layer of stones at the bottom for drainage but I read elsewhere that fabric on the bottom was fine. Any thoughts on that perhaps?
Any ideas or advice are very much appreciated.
Oh man, I don't realize it was that persistent. I'll give it a try and just make sure to have any plant I put there planted elsewhere too. Sadly, the soil beneath it isn't any good either (clay and grubs) but my options are limited. Thank you again for the advice. Hopefully I can keep it down for the season at least.
Ah, well, I don't know where it started but my neighbor has it too. Sadly, he's insane and threatened my roommates with a firearm last time we tried talking to him (dude was neglecting his dog in freezing weather, not a good person).
Based on your advice the best I can think of is cutting/digging and then maybe put something down and build a bed? I don't expect to be here next year so I don't need a permanent solution honestly.
Prepare for a novella. I've got a bamboo problem (or I assume it's bamboo, I have pics to add). My friends and I are renting a house and finally decided to plant in the yard rather than just containers. We've got three patches where there's no grass, two with ivy spread and one with bamboo plants we thought were dead. As soon as we made this decision that dead bamboo came back with a vengeance, sprouting a couple dozen shoots up to 20' from the original, dead plant. Damn zombie plants. Anyhow, we'd still like to plant in the original bed as we assume the shoots we leave alone will still propagate later and the landlord won't know the difference. The problem being, of course, bamboo is aggressive and hard to be rid of. The shoots are all connected by this crazy, deep root system (I expected shallow roots, it's a grass after all) and the mother plant is so deep I can't get it to budge.
I've seen all sorts of long winded techniques to deal with bamboo (really just starve or control) but I was hoping someone might have insight into more immediate solutions.
If I dig up the shoots in the bed will any roots I miss just sprout again?
Will the other plants farther away just spread back into the bed?
Does bamboo grow/spread quickly enough that if I cleared the bed now would I have new shoots within the season?
Even if I clear it I'm afraid I'll end up with new shoots in a few weeks but this time with my own plants to work around. On top of that there's these layers below the surface of what look like wooden boards that look almost like they're made of chips of wood (like mulch) all compacted together. I wonder if that was for the bamboo, though now it's all rotted.
Thanks for the info guys. I left them beside the tank with its heat lamp on and with some supports. It may well be my imagination but they seem to be standing up now but perhaps that's the supports. The light fixture sits on top of the tank (maybe 6" up) but the fixtures are these wide lamp heads so they're only a couple centimeters to the side of the light. I'll plant some more regardless, there's only a few of each. As said before, they're basil, cilantro, and catnip which I can't honestly have too much of. When I have a little more money I'll invest in some nice bulbs and light fixtures since I hope to grow at least herbs year round.
Again, thanks for the advice. That tomato tip will be handy later I'm sure (I got a late start with a lot of my plants. Only one tomato has sprouted)
So, long story short I'm having trouble with tall, spindly sprouts that are too young to put out. I only have two cat-free rooms to put them in but my roommate happens to have a lizard tank with a uv light and red heat lamp. I was wondering if these kinds of light might be okay for the sprouts. I figure between the two they run a decent range of the light spectrum. I could put them on his precarious window sill as it gets more light than mine but I'm afraid with how cloudy it's been that won't be enough.
As a side question, if my sprouts are leggy but young (just developing true leaves today) are they salvageable? If I get them proper light and prop them up will they be able to get the girth to support themselves by transplanting time? (In case it's pertinent, my sprouts are cilantro, basil, and catnip).
Real quick, a silly question:
I have a bunch of seeds I soaked, mostly greens like lettuce and broccoli. I know broccoli specifically isn't meant to be started and transplanted but I could I do that? Would I have to wait until it's reasonably sized before planting it? My gardening space isn't prepped yet but I need to do something with these seeds like now. Haha, I planned really poorly.
I was hoping to plant them in a shallow dish (think to go plastic containers) and move the sprouts to the actually bed. I know leafy greens tend to root shallow so I was hoping this would accommodate the sprouts.
It does. From what I can tell herbs are quite tolerant of small growing spaces but probably produce smaller plants as a result. Leafy greens tend to be shallow rooted. Obviously root veggies need lots of depth. I assume most everything else falls into the fairly wide/deep category. Which pretty much lines up with exactly what you said XD
Ah, that's a really great idea. I'll ask what we do with spillage. I know a lot of corporations won't let employees take broken items but I don't know if that'll apply to stuff like soil.
I'll probably try the chicken wire idea just to see if it could work. That wire is quite cheap. For the time being I'll keep doing research on root depth and see what I can manage with that I have currently. Thanks again
Thanks for the great link John! I take it sugar beets are a taproot plant though, yes?
I will learn more about plant nutrition shortly (doing some 'regrowth' project research currently, regrowing lettuce and the like). Alas, as Bryant knows, I'm still figuring out my compost but hopefully I'll be able to add that to my plants sooner rather than later.
Dumpster diving is a good idea that I hadn't honestly considered. I get really antsy about it though because bed bugs are soooo prevalent in Ohio (I tried picking up a dresser just a few weeks ago and had to ditch it when I saw unidentified egg sac. It's so scary)
Out of curiosity, would it be possible to do something like taking chicken wire, forming it into a sturdy cylinder, maybe lining with some sort of loose knit cloth, and filling it with soil as a sort of make-shift container? I know it would probably dry out awful fast and require more watering but it might be a possible solution to my container woes, if only temporarily. If I have to I can wait until I can afford to buy containers with my discount at my new job (can you believe I work in a gardening department? Luckily, they'll train me) but I'm worried I'll be wasting time while waiting for those first few checks.
Edit: One last question regarding container size: If I have a deep but narrow container will the plant just grow in the available direction or would that still have an adverse effect? So, if I have a plant that usually has roots that don't grow very deep but take up a lot of room would a taller, thinner container just encourage them to grow as many roots but in a downward direction?
And, thanks everyone for the great info! Hopefully my first growing project will be successful with all this wonderful advice =D
Hallo! I'm starting my first garden but since I don't actually own my place I'm doing container gardening. I am quite broke (just starting a couple new jobs) so I can't afford to buy many containers. I do, on the other hand, have all sort of 'trash' to use that I am hoping to use to compensate for this (large coffee cans, ect).
I was wondering how set in stone recommended container sizes were or how strict root depth is when considering container size. Is it possible to grow plants in 'under-sized' containers? Would the limited space just result in higher root density? And if this is the case does that mean the plant will pull water or nutrients out of the soil faster? Would a smaller container result in a smaller plant, or possibly in the case of fruiting plants, let robust fruits? Or would an undersized container just kill the plant? I mean, I've seen herbs grown in anything from a decent sized clay pot to a soup can and I keep seeing things like plants grown in plastic bottles.
I understand for something like carrots the root depth is probably non-negotiable but what about other root veggies such as potatoes, turmeric, ginger, or horseradish?
I went ahead and took the contents of my bin apart layer by layer and put them in my secondary bin, this time with a lot of dry, dead leaves. Hopefully these will balance out the tons of moisture and probable lack of oxygen. Now I have 1.25 bins instead of 1 almost full one.
Thanks again for all the advice guys, muchly appreciated.
Well then, it sounds like my primary problem is probably a pile that is too wet and too green. I'll have to dig through my leaf bags and grab only the dry stuff. I have some plants by my patio that are dead with large, hollow stems.
Sadly, a 3x3x3 pile isn't exactly an option for me. I'm limited by the fact that we don't own our place and since I'm not on the lease (shh, don't tell) I can't ask the landlord's permission to do stuff that would have a lasting effect on the property.
Essentially, we don't want to plant anything in the ground and we don't want to kill grass. This leaves two areas that are large enough to put a large pile on; a dirt area that our local stray likes to spray, and the concrete area where we'll be putting our many containers.
Right now my compost is in an 18-gallon rubbermaid tub with holes drilled in it, sitting on top a thin dirt area along our fence.
Is it completely impossible to compost in a container of that volume or will it just not get hot?
Sorry for the vague topic, my questions are too disparate to really find a descriptive title.
First, coffee; is it green or brown? I was certain used grounds were green but I read something saying they were brown and now I have to ask as I just added a good 15lbs of grounds to my bin.
Second, turning; do I need to wait until my compost has heated up to do this? Or will it help it heat up? My compost is still quite cold (I assume that good compost would heat up even if the outside temp is highly variable).
Third, dead leaves; I understand these are quire nutritious but I think my compost is remaining cold because of my brown materials, I'm worried that my leaves may be less effective because they're soggy or because since leaves are so light I may not be adding enough. Considering that leaves aren't exactly dense should I be adding extra of these? Would cardboard be a more 'effective' brown?
And lastly (I think), slugs; I've seen evidence of them in my compost, should I worry? Or would they be helpful to the composting process? (I assume they came with the dead, soggy leaves).
Sorry for the basic and random questions, I'm just not finding satisfactory answers on the internet and I'm worried about my cold, undissolved, compost.
Thanks for the suggestion. Digging up/flipping the grass will probably be the method represented in the game. Mulching will be added as a method to prevent the growth of unwanted plants/weeds.
Unfortunately, this is literally my first non-basic-website type coding project so I can't get *really* fancy, moreover, there's a balance between realism and fantasy that's gotta be maintained for the sake of fun. But I'm hoping to slowly add a variety of features from various organic farming techniques (like bonuses for companion planting), natural building (source your own clay for cob), and eventually making and selling "handmade" products like pottery or maybe textiles or some such things. And yes, there shall be chickens.
I hope this is in the right forum since it's sort of the opposite of lawn care. If I need to move, please tell me and I'll delete and repost somewhere else.
So, I've posted elsewhere in Permies seeking information to apply to a game I'm designing. Long story short, it's like a farming sim but specifically with a semi-realistic homesteading theme. I'm seeking the endless wisdom of the Permies forum-goers in order to make this game as awesome as possible.
Now, onto my question. Say you have a grassy area that you want to turn into soil to plant in. Do you just dig up the grass? If so, what do you do with it? Can you compost it or will it taint your compost with grass that'll later mess up the plants you add the compost to?
I apologize for this most basic question but it's honestly something I've never considered. I have grass in my game and need to know how the player will rid themselves of it if need be. Plus, I'll likely be able to apply this to my own home gardening XD
Thanks for your time and wisdom, it is greatly appreciated.
Alice, no need to apologize, I thought your "rambling" was delightful and it's got my mind racing. The basic premise was that your character(s) used their savings to finally live their dream and buy a plot of land. With the little money left over, some starting seeds and maybe chickens or goats, and a run down old trailer, they start living on the land and developing it. I imagined a modern era but the premise is a "back to basics" lifestyle which is partly necessitated by the limited funding. I'm a big fan of the harvest moon series and considered taking some stylistic tips from it, including not making the time period explicit. With all your talk I've started rethinking this. Essentially, the idea started partially as codin practice and partially as wish-fulfillment. The idea of abandoning everything to start a farm and raise it into a prosperous commune is my life dream.
This leads me in part to the next reply (I'm sort, I forgot your name while typing). The player starts with an old trailer (or some other temp living situation) and is encouraged to build a new, better home which can be upgraded. Stone is definitely a later game material but others are available, pretty much anything discussed in these forums (except maybe rammed earth since that requires a machine). Early game stones are pretty much walls at best. I definitely want to plan a steady and balanced progression system in terms of materials, tools, ect.
This is all very true. The game starts with a plot of undeveloped land so the player has to use their limited resources (starting with 1-2 workers) to focus on getting the land cleared, planted, ect, eventually moving on to building things like, say, a cart which could be used to transport stone later. The player can eventually buy neighboring lots which is likely where later game materials will come from such as stone.
Very useful information. It's got me pondering many things.
Such great replies so quickly! Thanks guys!
Id like to eventually do randomized maps where the player can choose their climate but since this is my first real coding project simplicity is best at the start.
I kind of assumed a relatively modern setting but with heavy emphasis on doing things old school. You start off with little money and have to take stuff to market to afford better equipment or any real tech/hardware. I'll probably start with stones found in fields or river beds but the player will be forced to eventually expand their land and find stones near cliffs. Building a quarry seems outside the scope of the players abilities in the game.
This was all very good info and I really appreciate it. I'll use a combination of the methods you outlined. Thanks again for the help
So, this will be a bit of s strange question. First, a little background. I'm designing my first little video game. It's a farming simulation game with a homesteading theme. I've chosen this because I have some knowledge from my previous love affair with the idea of homesteading but my knowledge alone is not enough. Which is why I'm asking questions here, hoping to gain insight for the sake of some realism in the game. Now, the question.
When building a stone home or stone walls where do you get your stone from? Do you find stones around your property or buy them? Is it possible to cut rock from a rock formation like a cliff?
I'd like to give the player the option of gathering or buying resources. I can imagine some stone can be found lying about or in river beds but would that be enough? Is it possible to source it elsewhere without necessarily having to buy it?
I apologize if my query seems frivolous but it's important to me to incorporate some realism. Any advice or help would be greatly appreciated.
I was wondering if anyone could point me to some sites, articles, or books on the science of vegan cooking and baking. Specifically I'm hoping to understand vegan food alternatives and how they work in replacing non-vegan food items. For instance, eggs are used to bind in baking. I know flax seed and bananas are common alternatives to eggs in baking and I was wondering how exactly eggs do their binding and how these alternative ingredients act as a replacement. I'm hoping if I understand ideas like this I'll be more capable of understanding recipes, improving upon them, and making my own. Any help, info, or ideas would be greatly appreciated.
That's terrible D:
Getting a husky isn't a problem really, if I look long enough I'll find one. I'm just worried that on a homestead/farm they'd be apt to run away or kill chickens. I'd kinda prefer not to have to protect my animals from each other.
That makes sense. I'd imagine a husky would end up dominating, especially if the other dogs aren't pack breeds. 'Twas just a thought is all.
As a side note, the other dogs we'd like to have are a german shepherd (the boyfriend loves em but I'm still afraid of em) and maybe an Irish wolfhound (though that plan may be unnecessary with the shepherd).
I also wonder since huskies have a pack mentality if it would help to raise the husky from puppy age around grown dogs who were already trained for farm living. The older dogs who know not to bolt or kill chickens would hopefully fill a dominant role in the "pack" and the younger husky would be more apt to follow their behaviors, hopefully. Just a thought...
Hi there! This is my first topic on this forum. I'm still in the dreaming and research phase of my hypothetical future land and I've never owned a dog so please forgive my ignorance. I'm still learning.
I've always been in love with huskies. My uncle owned one for years and ever since I can remember I've wanted one. I know they're not guard dogs and would serve no special purpose on a farm except to make me smile and get fur on all my stuff. That said, from what I've been reading they live to dig, tend to kill small animals and cannot ever be let to roam free. Everything I've read says they'll bolt, never to be seen again.
Is this true? Are huskies an impossible breed to raise on a farm? Does anyone have experience with this ?
This is a really neat concept. I've seen the dog thing work too. A friend uses it to get dishes clean sometimes while also giving her dog a treat. He loves ice cream I think this or just a good scrub would work for removing solid waste from plates but I'm a stickler for sanitization. As far as I'm concerned dishwashers are only good for the heat/steam that sanitizes, the actual wash is usually inefficient and wasteful. What I wonder is if there's be a way to replicate that steam/heat manually to take care of sanitization after the fishes dobthier part.
My boyfriend and I recently went vegan(ish) based upon the tenets of Buddhism. We're kind of easing our way into it, making the occasional exceptions while slowly cutting out all non-vegan products. Figured this would work better than going straight militant vegan right off the bat. We are what I've seen called "beegans", we still use bee products because neither of us see it as abuse.
I was recently discussing this issue with my boyfriend. I want to farm/homestead one day and I'd always intended to raise livestock and hunt. I will obviously no longer be killing any animals but I feel that if I'm raising animals myself and treating them well (well fed, cared for, housed, ect) and I only take what is excess (ex, milk produced beyond what's needed to feed their young) it really couldn't be abuse. I honestly think at that point it isn't much different than owning a pet, especially if I love and care for them like that. Excess milk they produce and unfertilized eggs would simply go to waste if not used so I don't see the moral issue in utilizing these surpluses. In all likelihood I'll still raise a couple goats and a few chickens, if only 'cause I want to. I also want to have pet cats, bunnies, and dogs, and maybe a few peacocks 'cause why the hell not. =)
As to including wildlife; I've never considered how to incorporate wildlife into permaculture (unless you consider bugs) but I've always fancied the idea of planting tasty treats for local wildlife at the edge of my garden/farm. I figured it'd give them something to eat and hopefully discourage traveling further into my property where they might eat my crops.