Something I've noticed with my walking onions is that bulbils in the primary topset will often produce their own smaller set of bulbils. Sometimes instead of bulbils they form flowers. I keep meaning to investigate to see if there are actually viable seeds in there. I know there were a few seeds, just not if they're viable. I had so many doing it this year that I was determined to make it a project...and then I got distracted.
Has anyone else noticed theirs making flowers like that? Any seeds?
The perennial kale I grow is from experimental farm network. It's just regular kale, but it will produce seed and continue to grow afterwards. There's a lot of genetic variation in it, but at least some of the plants are quite hardy. We had a two or three week cold snap where temperatures were regularly -18C, down to -20 a couple times. Now the snow's melting and the kale is visible again - and doing just fine. Well, it was until my puppy ate it 🙄
Around here, false Solomon's seal, Maianthemum racemosum, is what's eaten as an asparagus substitute. The young stalks are tasty, with, to me, a bit of a mild, musky garlic flavour. If you can find any berries before the birds eat them, they're like a maraschino cherry - but without the gross waxy texture and oversweetness.
An easy way to deal with kitchen scraps is to put them directly in the garden. If you have deep enough mulch, you can just put them under the mulch. If your mulch isn't thick enough, you can dig a hole in the soil and cover them up that way. My sister in law digs a shallow trench parallel to one of her vegetable rows. Then puts her kitchen scraps in the trench, filling it in as she adds more material.
What I learned is that when addressing someone directly, their name/title is always separated from the rest of the sentence with a comma or commas. The classic example of why it's important to do this is
Let's eat Grandma.
Let's eat, Grandma.
The salutation in a letter is an exception. The comma separating the person being addressed is excluded, but the salutation is on its own line. So your example could read
Thank you Bob,
That is just what I needed to know.
Thank you, Bob, that is just what I needed to know.
The second version would be incorrect because it's a run-on sentence, though. You'd need to connect the two somehow, like, "Thank you, Bob, because that's just what I needed." That sounds pretty awkward, though. Maybe change the structure entirely to, "Thank you, Bob, for giving me the information I needed." I'd just go with the salutation on its own line.
Skirret is one I'd like to try once I figure out a good spot for it.
Good King Henry shoots can supposedly be used like asparagus. I only planted mine last year, so I haven't tried it that way yet. I tried a few leaves and the flavour was good but the oxalic acid was very strong for me, so I'm skeptical I'll use it much. Maybe it'll produce enough seeds to use those for something.
I used to have a hot water bottle I used all the time. It started developing a crack and after a while I didn't trust it anymore, so I threw it out and bought a new one. That new one smelled so strong I couldn't use it. I hung it on a nail in the porch to let it off gas and tried it every few months. After over two years the smell still hadn't gone away. I got rid of it when I moved. I've looked at them in the store a couple times, but they all seem the same as the stinky one, so I haven't bought another. I wish I'd never got rid of my first one.
For insulation, I'm thinking regular fiberglass or rock wool batts sandwiched between styrofoam. Cover with cardboard to protect the styrofoam, then wrap in plastic or something to keep the insulation fibers from escaping. Each batt sandwich would be light and not too big, so pretty easy to move around to get underneath.
So, the straw was a bit damp, but potatoes do live in the ground, so it was fine. No moldy potatoes.
Last year, I dug my Yukon golds at the end of September and ate the last ones in July. They were sprouting a bit, but still good condition.
The first couple years I was really careful about having all the potatoes separated by straw. Not a lot, sometimes even just a few millimeters, but I always had at least a strand or two of straw between potatoes. This winter I had more potatoes to fit in, so the layers are two or three potatoes deep, all touching.
I also grew many new varieties this year, some of them aren't long storage types, and most of them were immature when I dug in the fall. With the heat dome last summer, nothing grew for a month so everything in the garden was really late. Because the potaotes were immature, I cured them, which I don't normally bother doing. I set up racks inside my pallet enclosure to keep them in the dark and let them cure for two weeks, turning them once midway. I haven't collected any potatoes from the bin yet this winter. I'll let you know how they are when I do.
My winters are warmer than yours and our frost depth is only 30". I'm not terribly careful about keeping the top of the hole insulated, though. I'm still using a couple paper leaf bags to cover. Last year they had leaves, not straw stuffed in them. The bags just barely cover the hole, not much, if any, overlap of the surrounding ground. In your climate I could see laying some styrofoam down over the hole in addition to whatever else you use to help insulate. If you make sure you've got good overlap around the hole's edges, I bet it would work.
It turns out, the way I do it anyway, no ventilation is needed. I have a pretty high straw to potato ratio, though. The last couple years I've made sure each layer of potatoes has some straw separating it from the next layer. The potatoes in each layer don't quite touch each other. This year I had more potatoes and didn't want to change my setup to accommodate a second garbage can. So I've got more potatoes in each layer, all touching and piled a couple potatoes deep.
I'm just finishing off the damaged or otherwise unsuitable for storage potatoes, so I haven't even checked the garbage can yet this winter. I'll let you know how they look once I get in there.
I'm super happy with my set up, though. I ate my very last Yukon golds in July last year, after digging them at the end of September. They were sprouting a bit, but still good.
Our wood stove is 20x15" in a 12x16' house with as much leaky glass as wall. When coming home to a cold (only a few degrees above freezing) house after being away all day, it only takes about 20 minutes after lighting a fire before we're stripping down to underwear. There's wood we burn only during a cold snap (-15C or lower), like Doug fir, black locust, mature birch, etc. The perfect wood for us to burn is actually cedar. We can burn it hot and clean and don't have to keep windows open.
If you can swing it, I think you'd be happier with an rmh, too.
We have six of these we've bought over the last six years or so. I just checked and they're all #1 PET. I think we might have bought them all at the same place, though. We have one older one bought somewhere else that has no labeling at all.
I use mine in pretty much the same ways. I mostly have a handful in a buddha bowl. My husband puts them an inch thick in sandwiches. He's got a green peppercorn mustard he likes in there with them.
If you grow a mild one, like clover or alfalfa, on its own you can blend them into smoothies. I usually have a mix with spicy stuff, so it doesn't taste very nice to me in smoothies.
I make vegetable pancakes a lot. I use chickpea flour, mix in my chopped veg, and fry. I usually just use broccoli, but sometimes I'll put some sprouts in. I chop them up so they don't end up stringy.
I don't really ever make this one, but I had it a couple times and liked it. You take mung bean sprouts (not the big long ones - you can just sprout them until they've got little tails), cook them, and make kind of a salad with diced cooked potato, onion, and tomato. Then you sprinkle over some chaat masala, which is an Indian spice mix that I can buy at most grocery stores here, so I think it should be pretty easy to find. The ingredients can vary, but I think it needs to have black salt and green mango powder. It's a little sour, a little funky, a little spicy. Finish off with a squeeze of lime juice.
Chaat masala is excellent sprinkled on avocado, by the way. Add a touch of whatever acid you like (my favourite is coconut vinegar) and it's perfect.
My favourite soil grown sprouts are sunflower. I can eat a big bowl of them plain, but they totally stain your teeth black if you eat that much 😬. If you try growing them, keep in mind they grow better if you keep a weight on the tray for the first few days. If you follow directions online, make sure they include that step.
I would do the brassicas, tomatoes, and squash Nancy suggests. I'd skip the potatoes, cause I've read they do better in poorer soil. I like planting them straight on sod and building my lasagna bed on top of them. I don't have access to manure most of the time, so my beds are mostly leaves and grass clippings layered with soil and maybe some kitchen scraps if I haven't used them all somewhere else. I'd save my nice, rich gardens for crops that need more care. Maybe you've got enough garden space you don't need to be stingy, though.
I'd also plant leafy greens, cause they taste best when they can shoot up quickly in rich soil. In poor soil, they grow slowly and get more bitter.
The main reason to have the uphill side of the house open is for drainage. Underground houses have lots of drainage problems. Mike Oehler's book has scads of information in it, but he adheres to the open on the uphill side way of thinking.
If it's not the end of the world if it doesn't work out, go ahead with your design, though. Maybe it'll work out exactly the way you want.
Are you using standard dimensional lumber? If so, might be easier to work in lengths divisible by 4 to minimize the amount of cutting and waste. So instead of 10x7, do 12x8.
I would line the shopping trolley with cardboard, cause it's easy for me to get. If you put multiple layers, it should last a while. If you keep perennials growing in the trolley, their root systems will help hold the soil in place when the cardboard starts breaking down
I've put straight up fresh dog shit in all my hugel beds for years. I make sure it's in the lower levels of the bed or at least 8-10" down, and I don't grow any root crops there for a couple years. I also don't dig in the soil, so I won't be pulling anything to the surface by accident. If even that's too icky for you, only grow crops that will get cooked before eating.
Wow. I was expecting to see tips on moving big things alone or advice on learning skills women aren't usually taught as a matter of course. I wasn't expecting to see so much fear of rape. I don't know if this will help, but here are some numbers to think about.
The actual stat is a bit less, but let's round up and say 450,000 women in the general population of the US are sexually assualted every year. Also in a year, almost 4.5 million people are seriously injured in car accidents, 2 million of them are permanently injured. But you probably don't worry about ending up in hospital every time you get in a car or walk on the street, even though your chances are pretty good, compared to getting sexually assaulted at some point in your life.
If you are going to worry about rape anyway, worry about the people you know. Eighty percent of sexual assaults are perpetrated by someone known by the victim, about a third of the time by an intimate partner. Stranger rape is pretty rare.
Almost 80% of sexual assault happens to people under 35. Did you go to college? Well that was probably the most high risk time in your life. You can relax now.
These numbers are from rainn.org. We can quibble over exact numbers and sources, but my point is that we do more dangerous stuff every day we don't think about at all.
And according to rainn, sexual assaults have declined by half in the last 20 years.
I really like what Purity has to say about confidence. I don't remember who taught me this, but I learned at a young age to look people in the eye when you're walking on the street and someone is coming towards you. If they meet your eyes, smile, say hello, nod, acknowledge them in some way. This is not to be friendly. This is for safety. I think, if you're a shy or fearful person, practising looking at people as you walk by would be an easy start. Most people won't be looking at you anyway, so you'll probably have a chance to get used to the action before you actually have to acknowledge anyone.
That kind of confidence, even if it's only a facade, will help you in other ways in life. One of my old managers told me there's a very good chance he would have hired me based solely on the first impression I made. I walked into the office with my resume and said I was looking for so and so. When he said that was him, apparently I immediately made eye contact with him and held it as I walked across the lobby to shake his hand and introduce myself. That was all it took for him to get the impression I wasn't going to let people fuck with me - a good trait to have working at the front desk of a hotel.
And speaking of facades, men put them up all the time. They talk and act like they know what they're doing and are sure they're right, but they don't and they aren't. They're just taught and expected to project confidence in a way women aren't. That's why most of them won't push it with a confident (seeming) woman.
Having said all that, the biggest thing I like having my man around for is moving our 24' extension ladder. At 5'1", trying to prop the ladder up against the tall edge of the shed roof on the house always makes me feel like it's going to lift me into the air as it falls and smashes through a window. That's what I worry about when I'm alone. Of course, if I'd been doing this alone from the beginning, I wouldn't have built such a fucking tall house.
Dc Stewart wrote:Tom Lehrer's classic love poem/song:
But, as far as I know, there has never been a popular song from the analogous male point of view, that is to say, of a man who finds himself in love with, or, in this case, married to, a girl who has nothing whatsoever to recommend her. I have attempted to fill this need. The song is called “She’s My Girl”.
John Donne's got that covered, too!
Elegy II The Anagram
Marry, and love thy Flavia, for she
Hath all things whereby others beautious be,
For, though her eyes be small, her mouth is great,
Though they be ivory, yet her teeth be jet,
Though they be dim, yet she is light enough,
And though her harsh hair fall, her skin is rough;
What though her cheeks be yellow, her hair's red;
Give her thine, and she hath a maidenhead.
These things are beauty's elements, where these
Meet in one, that one must, as perfect, please.
If red and white and each good quality
Be in thy wench, ne'er ask where it doth lie.
In buying things perfumed, we ask if there
Be musk and amber in it, but not where.
Though all her parts be not in th' usual place,
She hath yet an anagram of a good face.
If we might put the letters but one way,
In the lean dearth of words, what could we say?
When by the Gamut some Musicians make
A perfect song, others will undertake,
By the same Gamut changed, to equal it.
Things simply good can never be unfit.
She's fair as any, if all be like her,
And if none be, then she is singular.
All love is wonder; if we justly do
Account her wonderful, why not lovely too?
Love built on beauty, soon as beauty, dies;
Choose this face, changed by no deformities.
Women are all like angels; the fair be
Like those which fell to worse; but such as thee,
Like to good angels, nothing can impair:
'Tis less grief to be foul than t' have been fair.
For one night's revels, silk and gold we choose,
But, in long journeys, cloth and leather use.
Beauty is barren oft; best husbands say,
There is best land where there is foulest way.
Oh what a sovereign plaster will she be,
If thy past sins have taught thee jealousy!
Here needs no spies, nor eunuchs; her commit
Safe to thy foes; yea, to a Marmosit.
When Belgia's cities the round countries drown,
That dirty foulness guards, and arms the town:
So doth her face guard her; and so, for thee,
Which, forced by business, absent oft must be,
She, whose face, like clouds, turns the day to night;
Who, mightier than the sea, makes Moors seem white;
Who, though seven years she in the stews had laid,
A Nunnery durst receive, and think a maid;
And though in childbed's labour she did lie,
Midwives would swear 'twere but a tympany;
Whom, if she accuse herself, I credit less
Than witches, which impossibles confess;
Whom dildoes, bedstaves, and her velvet glass
Would be as loath to touch as Joseph was:
One like none, and liked of none, fittest were,
For, things in fashion every man will wear.
I've always liked John Donne. He can be pretty cynical, but this one's happy:
The Sun Rising
Busy old fool, unruly Sun,
Why dost thou thus,
Through windows, and through curtains, call on us?
Must to thy motions lovers' seasons run?
Saucy pedantic wretch, go chide
Late schoolboys, and sour prentices,
Go tell court-huntsmen that the king will ride,
Call country ants to harvest offices,
Love, all alike, no season knows, nor clime,
Nor hours, days, months, which are the rags of time.
Thy beams, so reverend and strong
Why shouldst thou think?
I could eclipse and cloud them with a wink,
But that I would not lose her sight so long:
If her eyes have not blinded thine,
Look, and tomorrow late, tell me
Whether both the'Indias of spice and mine
Be where thou leftst them, or lie here with me.
Ask for those kings whom thou saw'st yesterday,
And thou shalt hear: 'All here in one bed lay.'
She is all states, and all princes I,
Nothing else is.
Princes do but play us; compar'd to this,
All honour's mimic, all wealth alchemy.
Thou, sun, art half as happy as we,
In that the world's contracted thus;
Thine age asks ease, and since thy duties be
To warm the world, that's done in warming us.
Shine here to us, and thou art everywhere;
This bed thy centre is, these walls, thy sphere.
When I look at guidestar, it tells me I need a monthly plan to see the financial details of an organization.
I only recently got to place where I feel I can give much money. We have our property paid off, we've got a few toys (like a snowblower) that make life easier (no more backpacking up the driveway all winter) and we've got enough money coming in that we can spend a bit extra on a big project every year. For the last couple years and this year coming up it's been improving our 700ish metre driveway.
Point is, I'm only recently thinking more about who to give to and how to decide. I like the idea of effective altruism, so last year I gave to charities recommended by thelifeyoucansave.org. Seems like they rely somewhat on vetting work done by others (they mention GiveWell and Impact Matters) and then apply their own criteria once they've narrowed the options. They go into what they look for in an organization and have lots of other nteresting things to think about if you look through their FAQ.
Their organizations are pretty much, maybe all, international. A dollar does more in the global South than it does in the north. Seva, one of the organizations I donate to, needs only $50US for cataract surgery. What would $50 do if I gave it to an organization working in Canada? Nothing comparable.
I do think local charity is important, but, looking around my community, it seems like actions would be more useful than money. I see organizations that need more volunteers and government policy changes that need advocates, etc. Action is harder for me cause I hate leaving the property 😁. I'm working on getting involved in something, though.
If you're just looking for alternatives to xanthan and guar to experiment with, there's carrageenan, agar agar, and gelatin. I think you can get less processed forms of carrageenan that are healthier. I've never used it, so don't know how the different forms compare. And I've never used any of those in bread, so I can't give you any suggestions on how to use them.
If your bread still isn't cooking in the centre, you could try making a deep slash lengthwise down the middle of the loaf before baking. You'd need a thick batter for that to work, though.
James Sullivan wrote:I have most types of solar cookers but not used an evacuated tube solar cooker yet. I've actually started building one this weekend. I'd put off buying one based mostly on cost and personaly the materials to make a basic and functional solar cooker for survival are inexpensive and readily available. That being said I bought a box of evacuated tubes to make a few of this type of cooker. I'm nearing obsession level of a personal collection of solar cookers and the list of to build is long.
Where did you get the evacuated tubes, James?
I only made a solar oven once and i couldn't get it hot enough, I think because our place is so windy and it wasn't well insulated.
Wish we could grow millet, but without a thresher would be impossible to winnow.
Faye, I've grown small amounts of pearl millet a couple times and it winnows just fine on a breezy day. I threshed it by shuffle dancing around on it in a bin. Some of the grain doesn't release well from the husk, but I think that's a problem that can be remedied by a few generations of seed selection. I'm working on it. The grain with husks can still be ground into flour just fine.
Pearl millet is so tasty, I really hope more people try it out!
I've got a garden in a low spot that floods every late winter/spring. The first year we lived here the water was probably three feet deep in some spots, but since I've started gardening there it hasn't been more than a few inches at most.
In the lowest spot, where the water gets deepest, I built a hugelculture. Mine's maybe 35' long, 4-8' wide (it's got some curves), and about 3' tall. I did mine wide with a flat top to maximize water absorption from rain and minimize erosion. In the spring, judging by the how wet things are around it, the bottom 3-6" are probably completely flooded. I haven't noticed any problems with any of the perennials growing at the base.
My in ground beds get flooded, but they typically dry out by the time it's warm enough to plant most things anyway. I figure the higher water table helps the plants later on in the summer once we've gone a while without rain.
If your signal is suddenly dropping, look up where the antenna is in your phone. Maybe you're covering it with your hand. I have that problem with my phone sometimes, and switching hands so I'm not covering the antenna always works for me.
This is one of those things I struggle with, too. This year I've gotten really strict about not saving seeds from squash that start rotting. I used to waffle a bit if the squash was super tasty or something. I don't have a good place to store squash. Right now they're sitting in a bin that we have to move every time we need to get into the linen drawer or water plants. Our house is tiny. It's also too hot for ideal squash storage. So I've decided I need to put more emphasis on storage ability adapted to our less than ideal conditions. There's no point in having amazing squash if you have to stress over gobbling them up before they rot.
I actually just heaved one that had a bad spot in the compost yesterday. I didn't even cook the good portion, like I usually would, so that I wouldn't be tempted to save seed if it turned out to be the most delicious squash I've ever grown.
If you really need the early ripening genes, maybe. If you have the ability to isolate, maybe grow those seeds separately from your others and see if you get more early ones. Then you can evaluate how they store next winter and if they're worth keeping in the gene pool long term.
You can season stainless like you would cast iron, as well. I have a stainless pan I use for my pancakes. I seasoned it once by heating oil in it, letting it cool, wiping it out. Since then, all I do to it is put three drops of canola oil in it after I'm done using it, but while it's still hot, and spread it around with a scrap of luffa to coat the whole inside. Then it's ready for the next use.
I think this would only work for some things, though. For stickier stuff, you might need to cook in oil. If you avoid oil, like I do, cook in water like Anne suggested. But if you cook something wet, you might need to reseaon. I have a different pan I use for everything other than pancakes, and I steam fry so no seasoning needed for that one.
Cooking at a lower temperature, as has been suggested, also really helps. Another trick is if you're frying something, don't move it until it's formed a crust on the bottom and realeases easily. If you nudge something and it doesn't move, it's not ready to flip or take out of the pan. If it burns before releasing, you need to cook at a lower heat
Supposedly buckwheat is prone to lodging in soils high in nitrogen. My soil is highly deficient in nitrogen and my buckwheat has all fallen over three years in a row. I don't know if anyone else has that problem, but it might be something to be prepared for if you try it.
If wheat is too labour intensive for you, it seems like all the plants you mentioned would be disqualified as well.
A lot of the ones you list have big seed heads, so you might consider them easier to harvest than wheat, but threshing amd processing is more troublesome. Quinoa and amaranth are hard to separate from the chaff. Quinoa needs to be washed to get the saponins off. Rice and most millet need to be hulled before eating. Pearl millet doesn't need hulling, but it doesn't thresh as well other grains I've grown. Sunflowers need to be shelled. Maybe sorghum is easy, but I haven't grown it.
I also think rye is the easiest I can think of because it threshes so cleanly, but the effort involved in harvesting is going to be the same as wheat. I find it pretty easy to just walk along, grabbing handfuls of stems, cutting with a knife or sickle, and dropping the heads into a bin, though. Any heads shorter than a comfortable grabbing height don't get harvested.
Once the heads are harvested, you can put them in a pillowcase and just thwack them on a wall a bit to separate the seeds from the heads. For larger amounts I've also folded the rye in a sheet and hit the bundle with a whippy stick. You don't have to hit hard. Then winnow. The empty heads can be scooped off the top of the grain and most of the chaff is so light you barely need a breeze to blow it away.
I found the types of barley and wheat I've grown so far don't thresh as easily as rye and the chaff is heavier so doesn't blow away so effortlessly.
I'd say pearl millet is the tastiest grain, though. Maybe worth growing just for that.
Can you explain what you mean when you say sagamite, Blake?
When I look it up online, it seems like at its most basic it's a soup or gruel made from hominy, whole or ground. Then there are probably endless variations on it, depending on what else you have available or what your family traditionally made.
If I'm correct about what it is, it seems like it would be easy to make vegan - just don't put in any animal products. Is there a particular variation or recipe you're thinking about?
It sounds like a good opportunity to learn new skills in a low pressure setting. You'd also have a management position to put on a resume. Then you can take those skills to a job you actually care about. That's the practical part of me thinking.
On the other hand, I've never stuck with a job I didn't like for very long. And I've never regretted leaving.
For Lana and anyone else who's interested, I just discovered www.fieldstoneorganics.ca in the North Okanagan.
They source all their grain and pulses from Western Canada, and they're all organic. I get the impression they work preferentially with small, local farmers, before looking to the larger producers on the prairies, which I like.
James MacKenzie wrote:
underwhelmed by "A Brave New World"
the batshit overly-ambitious list for this year incudes:
"Crime and Punishment"
"Meditations" (Marcus Aurelius)
"The sun also Rises"
"Thus Spoke Zarathustra" (re-read)
"Letters" (Kurt Vonnegut)
"War of The Worlds"
My favourite Huxley book is Point Counter Point. Maybe you'd enjoy that one more than Brave New World. I haven't read it since I was a teenager, though. It might not be as clever as I remember 😁
Crime and Punishment remains one of my favourite novels ever. I hope you like it! If you do, read more Dostoyevsky! It's all great.
Thanks for reminding me of Vonnegut's Letters. I binged Vonnegut early in life. His novels were the shortest on my parents' bookshelf and, therefore, the least intimidating to me as a child. It didn't hurt that God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater had a drawing of a guy sitting on a toilet on the cover. What kid wouldn't be drawn in?😂
Gina Jeffries wrote:I'm going to move to her next book "Life in the Clearings versus the Bush". As for fiction, I'm halfway through Alias Grace. It's the story of a woman accused of murder in the 1800's, also set in Canada. Actually, I think it's based on a real person but not sure about the story I'm reading.
I read somewhere that Life in the Clearings versus the Bush is actually where Atwood first heard of the woman that Alias Grace is based on.
The main book I want to get to in the next little while is called Pollution is Colonialism by Max Liboiron. I heard her talking about the book on a really great podcast I listen to, Media Indigena. The book sounded super interesting. Here's the blurb from Duke University Press.
In Pollution Is Colonialism Max Liboiron presents a framework for understanding scientific research methods as practices that can align with or against colonialism. They point out that even when researchers are working toward benevolent goals, environmental science and activism are often premised on a colonial worldview and access to land. Focusing on plastic pollution, the book models an anticolonial scientific practice aligned with Indigenous, particularly Métis, concepts of land, ethics, and relations. Liboiron draws on their work in the Civic Laboratory for Environmental Action Research (CLEAR)—an anticolonial science laboratory in Newfoundland, Canada—to illuminate how pollution is not a symptom of capitalism but a violent enactment of colonial land relations that claim access to Indigenous land. Liboiron's creative, lively, and passionate text refuses theories of pollution that make Indigenous land available for settler and colonial goals. In this way, their methodology demonstrates that anticolonial science is not only possible but is currently being practiced in ways that enact more ethical modes of being in the world.