I too think this is a great oportunity if you are equipped with the necessary pacience to see your project grow!
Since your land is in the mountains, you may want to check out Sepp Holzer. He works in a similar climatic setting in the austrian alps.
Importan: Watch out for regulations (I am Swiss too ...): In which territorial planning zone is your land, and what are the local/cantonal restrictions for the location? If it is steep, you can get govt subsidies under certain circumstances (you have to be a certified farmer). There are bureaucratic hurdles to cut down trees, specially if you have a real forest on parts of your land. If constructing swales, remember you may need a construction permit (different for each municipality). If you are in the agricultural zone, you cannot build anything to live in.
You can find out a lot about the regulatory framework and general information on https://map.geo.admin.ch/ (that is, forest zones, geology, soil classifications, natural hazards etc)
Then there are the cantonal geoportals. I used to work with this kind of information, feel free to message me where your plot is and I can do some research.
Thank you very much for your reply!
Even tough I actually am in Chile, all I have is air humidity. The fog forms only relatively close to the sea, and I get almost none of it on my lot of land. I will have to look into all the research done around using dew.
I was looking into buying an atmospheric water generator, but a reasonable size will cost around 10k USD ...
Are you collecting dew?
Living in a mediterranean climate which has been very dry lately (hardly any rain even in winter), I observed that from around fall to spring, the air can be very humid and usually a fair bit of thaw amount in the morning ours on the vegetation.
How can I enhance and harvest this condensation? e.g. put wire mesh fences in between plants?
In county Donegal, a wee little town called Glenncolmcille.
Sights include a church, a medieval graveyard, an napoleonic watchtower, the towns pub plays irish music every night. In short, nothing to see but pure Irishness.
Now for the more known sights, it is close to the Slieve League (huge cliffs over the sea), beautiful beaches like Malin Beg.
Jocelyn Campbell wrote:
Serving coffee to random workers (strangers) makes me happy. So I'm pretty sure I'll keep being a food (and beverage) pusher.
Would make me happy too. Do good things to others is part of the human family and one of the reasons we have survived. In my opinion, this in combination with high assertiveness / low agreableness / high selfesteem / (...put whatever you find important...) is what brings us together ahead.
One of the recurring topics in Petersons speaches! In the end, you can define for yourself if you are "too" agreeable. It depends entirely on you.
Are you happy being agreeable?
This is a very deep question. Your way of thinking is composed of a belief system (after Peterson and any other reasonable psychologist I know), and these beliefs can be yours, your siblings', your parents', etc. If you want, you can change your beliefs, mostly when you detect that they are not yours. This means you can change your stance on yourself and as well on your agreeableness. I am rather agreeable and feel fine with this way of being, but I have recently learned how to detect when I don't agree, and how to communicate this in a way that is reasonable for me. The benefits are huge.
Timothy Markus wrote: I`ve got a pretty sweet fucking life, I tell ya.
Hi Tim, just following up on this phrase and on the title of your thread.
Every life is different of course, some worse some better. The overall outcome depends a lot on ones belief system. Every person has a host of beliefs about the world, and these beliefs come from ones childhood and - now it gets weird, but scientifically proven - ones ancestors. Yes, our beliefs are at least in part accumulated over generations (for that specific topic, read Ann Ancelyn Schutzenberger). Anyways, it is usually our belief system that makes us react in certain ways to certain situations, or to life in general.
The good news is that beliefs can be changed. I have lived through such changes myself as I have found a wonderful NLP practitioner who showed me my beliefs and taught me how to change the ones I didn't like.
Nick Neufeld wrote: Trying to time the market is a fools game
This is outhright the best advice so far in this thread when talking about investment. Of course one should buy low and sell high, but it is nearly impossible to correctly pick the low or the high. And I would surely not pick a low now, as the world economy is coming out of the health crisis but probably the true economic crisis has not struck yet to its fullest.
Invest your money once the economy is again in a sustainable uptrend. This goes for index funds too, as they too will dive when it gets worse.
If it is healthy because of the oatmeal - depends on your beliefs! Do you hold excess fat or excess carbs responsable for obesity and associated deseases? Do you believe cholesterol is bad and that oatmeal will lower it? These are just some of the questions, and I will not put more in order not to get too much off topic.
I replace the oatmeal with ground almonds, as I prefer gluten free and low-carb. Add some ground carrots for the humidity, and butter/ghee and eggs for smoothness. Honey and 86% chocolate give the flavour.
John Suavecito wrote:Do you ever listen to doctors talk about nutrition?
(Sorry to just jump into the discussion -please forgive)
Stopped long ago.
MDs are trained to cure diseases and lesions. The diagnose and then prescribe, either medications or interventions. In short, they are trained to make sick people healthy. Nutrition is about making healthy (aka, disease-free and lesion-free) people more healthy. The average doctor has no idea about that. If you want to understand your body, go talk to a biochemist. IMO in the area of nutrition, they are the least considered professionals yet are the only ones that accually understand on a molecular level what is going on and how living organisms are regulated.
Myron Platte wrote: I suggest food forest (and just forest) to stabilize the slopes.
The issue of slope stability is a true issue in these slopes! You indicate 50% slope, which translates to around 45° hillslopes. This is way above the stability angle of unconsolidated material, which is usually around 35°. Such areas are usually very prone to landslides, which can be deadly for people living there. I would think well abouth Swales, since what they do is get water into the ground, further weakening their cohesion and thus might increase the probability of a landslide ...
Many thanks for this wonderful reply! The list gives some really good ideas - looks like I have to get the book you mention. So far I have found answers to most of my questiones just via Google.
George Yacus wrote:
*Hardy tree legumes nearby (as you alluded to, but I'd be somewhat hesitant to put them right on top of your plantings--don't want them to compete for resources. Plant them nearby for chop 'n drop...seems safer)
Resource competition seems a solid argument to plant them at some distance. But then, how is the nitrogen getting from the legumes to the tree, or at least, how long will it take to become significant? I mean, planting two trees 2 meters apart will take years for them to join roots, right?
Thanks Joseph, great advice! Will try to install this type of berms, or maybe some sort of swale ...
I built a mini-swale once on my property (10 cms deep), I didn't work really since the soil is sandy, so the accual surface runoff is rather small. Precipitation infiltrates directly.
Hope you can help me with this rather specific question :)
Central Chile, zone 8, long summer draught 8-9 months, winter precipitation used to be 400-600 milimeters, now maximum 100 milimeters. Winter minimum temp. 5°, during summer we have large stretches with afternoon temp above 30°, 30% rel. humidity and 30 km wind. The soil is basically a weathered granite, so in terms of soil, mostly sand at the surface with patches that have a bit more clay and organic matter. The soil grades into solid granite at a depth of about 1 m.
So how to kick-start tree planting here? I would like to plant mediterranean trees, either fruit trees from the mediterranean itself, or local species adapted to the climate.
Self imposed limits: Watering mostly once per week in summer, no watering in winter. Water is a scarce resource around here.
Pits around 0.5 meters deep and wide
Watered tree logs at the bottom
Fill the earth back in, but ammended with compost, maybe biochar ...
Put a pipe in so that I can water the tree logs, rather than the surface
Plant the young tree between boulders, to take advantege of their heat leveling properties and the moring dew in witer
Mulch, of course
Plant a leguminous tree (acacia) right next to it
There is some local research indicating that native trees profit from having a local acacia species right next to them.
Prickly Pears as shade plants to the north-west (nothern hemisphere would be south west) of the tree?
How to avoid that the logs rot in an unhealthy way, anaerobically or something?
>Some people indicate that the tree will become instable when the logs break down. I think by that time, the tree roots will have reached outside of the planting pit so stability should not be such an issue.
I am in Santiago, where abouts are you? Aysén is big ...
Your project sounds amazing, dreaming, utopic - I wish you the best. Hope I'll be able to visit at some stage, maybe not as a 3-month-internship, but rather as a one day visit. The carretera austral is still on my bucket list, I have only seen Puyuhuapi so far.
Today I am enjoying a well deserved beer in my work-at-home-due-to-Covid-situation.
Later in the year (from June on, winter here in Chile), I'll be planting the 50 native tree seedlings our condo hands out to every land buyer. They do this as a reforestation measure. These are all local, authoctonous and draught resistant species that only exists in Chile - we have a serious diversity here. Will interplant some mediterranean fruit trees as well.
Although I would be sceptical about accuracy and precision just for the following reasons:
I guess these tools are based on freely available earth surface data provided by satellites. The best of these datasets (Alos Palsar, to my knowledge), has a resolution of 12.5 m. So a countour interval of 2 m, based on data with a resolution of 12.5 m, is purely based on interpolation and NOT real. Might be enough though for basic planning ...
These free data are always in the form of "digital elevation models", and they represent the entire elevations of the surface at sight, including buildings. So if you live in an urban setting, the contours you get might be very inaccurate or even false due to the buildings around you. On the contrary, the "digital terrain models" have buildings and vegetation removed in post-processing, but this is very difficult to achieve with satellite data and is never the case for free datasets.
Charli Wilson wrote:So the docs have decided I have high blood pressure- its been the same for the past decade but suddenly it is apparently a problem!
eat a reasonable diet
My 5 cent here ...
First. Change your doctor. Many traditional mainstream doctors will give you pills, and when your value gets to whithin a certain range, they call victory. Only a holistic or alternative doc will look at you in a complete way: sleep pattern, exercise, thiroid function, other organs, familiy history, allergies, intolerances, fungal infections etc.
Second. Maybe you want to revise your diet. By what standard is it "reasonable"? Depending on your body, you might want to give up gluten, or lactose, or meat, or pork, or carbs, or fats or .... etc.
Third. Take some sessions with a psychologist. Many chronic deseases and other physical conditions have their underlying cause in the mind. Mental conditions can get transmitted through the generations, without us knowing. Getting concient about all this, helps you decide about your own life, and about your health. I recommend somebody from the corner of NLP, family constellations, genosociograms etc. In my experience, these guys get you right to the point with unconcious work, helping and healing, instead of keeping you in endless sessions.
(disclaimer: this is not medical advice, just personal experience)
Of course salt and sugar are hydroscopic - but once they are saturated, they will not keep attracting water. Also they will retain the water due to their hydroscopic nature. And what the videos show is that within months, you can creat creeks with this method, full of clean fresh water flowing freely ...
I have stumbled across information (youtube videos) which claims that you can sow water by burying salt and sugar in holes in your garden. Some months later you will have water.
source: youtube search results (sorry, only in spanish ...)
I was rather surprised! Apart from the lack of any credible physical-chemical-geological explanation, the experiments are done in Colombia, seemingly in the Coffee Zone where water is not really scarce.
Wonder if anybody here has a more sound opinion on this?
Sam Allison wrote:I walk a lot, do so much gardening, lifting, work in a pretty manual job but just do not put any muscle on at all. Even when I walk 10 miles a day, 2 or 3 days a week I don’t build any leg muscle.
These are all low intensity activities performed during hours. For building muscles, you want to perform the highest intensity workout possible for you. I lift weight once per week until my muscles reach failure. Then eat a lot, and eat well - lot's of things have been said already.
Look up on Youtube the videos of the 21Convention, specially Doug McGuff, they have some excellent, science based content on diet and exercise.
As Catie said, do these tests ... the nerves in your mouth will feel silt grains, but not clay. T
here is virtually no way of "seeing" if a layer is clay or silt, as the grains are too small for your eye to see (contrary to sand, which grains you see very well). But the differences the clay has on soil cohesion and water retention capacity are enormous.
Many people advocate NOT to do this! If you google, you will see that a debris flow was created like that.
The point is that by combining a hugelkulture with swale, you combine non-consolidated, spongy woody material with a source of water. Geotechnically this is a nightmare, since it is unstable and with any trigger it might start to move. Depending on the angle of the slope, it can move with velocities of 2 - 20 meters per second and damage infrastructure and people.
Ice Plant comes to mind. It is a succulent native to South Africa (or some say South America). According to Wiki, it is invasive in many places. Here in Chile they use it on virtually every road cut for natural stabilization. It occurs as well on the beach on dunes.
It does have:
Reading your and other posts, I might not concur completely in some respects.
No physical activity makes you loose weight. What makes you loose weight is calory deficit, which is notoriously difficult to achieve for many people with exercise since exercise makes them hungry. A strong mind will help. Further, you need to generate a hormonal environment that allows your body to burn his own fat. Usually such hormonal environments are low in insulin, aka low-carb ketogenic diets (I know that they are controversial, but they seem logic to me). And take care of your insulin (in-)sensitivity by doing intense exercise. In this regards, weight lifting until you reach positive muscular failure, is said to do the job.
Cardio does not exist. There is no exercise that targets the heart muscle specifically and exclusively. The heart muscle accelerates or decerelates as a function of your activity level. If you take your muscles to their max, you will take your heart to the max. Passing slightly the maximum will induce adaptations in both.
For @james whitelaw ,
At 66 my goal is to re-acquire the ability to rise from a sitting position without using my arms or any other assistance.
I was looking for that scientific article I found some years ago for strength training, but am not able to find it. They basically put some 85 to 95 year old people in a retirement home into a strength training schedule, which included what I described above: High Intensity Training, in the sense of taking your target muscles to failure (note the absence of "interval", which is again different). I remember they described effects like the one you are looking for, and others like an increase in walking speed of +500% for a particular person.
a person needs to train for that specific attribute
Attribute as of skill? Agree. If you want to improve your marathon time, train marathon. Nonetheless, strength training will also contribute to improve your performace if done right and if it leads to strength gains. Ultimately performance is skill-specific.
some of the strongest people in the world can barely make it up a flight of stairs without having a heart attack
Offering a science based view here. Physical work and efficient exercise are two different things. When it comes to efficient and effective exercise, you can go straight to your body's limits and beyond with intensity, thus incenting growth or at least maintenance of your muscle mass, respiratory capacity, cardiovascular capacity etc. When you don't go to your limits, your body has no reason not to reduce that muscle mass which eats that much calories, over the years. Physical work is very hard too of course, but will have different benefits and I guess also quite some wear and tear on your body.
From that point of view, it is very convenient to work out - it's your decision in the end. Just a head's up on some things you wrote:
Aerobic exercise: does not exist. Every glucose molecule your body burns, passes first through the "anaerobic" reaction chain and then through the "aerobic" reaction chain. These reactions are serial, not parallel. There is no way of emphasizing one of them. Intensive exercise takes care of both.
Strength or endurance: More strength means more speed, more endurance, and - since these are the support systems of the muscles you use - a better respiratory capacity, cardiovascular capacity, metabolic efficiency etc.
Body By Science, author Doug McDuff (he teaches a short version of his book at the 21convention videos on youtube)
Any biochemistry book at university level (will teach about how the human body creates energy)
Follow Drew Baye at baye.com for specific weight lifting advice and body weight training programs
John Suavecito wrote:In Albert Bates' new book, Burn, he talks about mineralizing as a step in making biochar:
2. Micronize — Next, the biochar must be broken down into a smaller size through crushing, grinding and screening. Smaller particle sizes increase the surface area and allows the biochar to retain more water and allows for greater ion penetration.
What is the most efficient way to achieve this? Smashing it with a hammer, or is there a more mechanical or automatized way?
Two thoughts on that. First, placer are the same as aluvial deposits. Second, if you found lode deposits, you can pull out some rocks containing gold and sell them at a multiple price to collectors. They make for good pieces ..
As former exploration geologist, I am surprised by your thread and findings! Geology is a wonderful profession and a wonderfull hobby too.
First of all, you seem to have solved your initial challenges about gold panning. I have done lot of it down in NZ South Island, where they had a gold rush in the 19th century. We found flakes in each creek we panned, and a nugget every now and then. Our lincences were super prospective, and they had even too much gold to tell where it all comes from.
Regarding palladium, it seems to occur together with platinum. There are only a few significant producers of this metal, one is Stillwater Mining out of Montana, others are in South Africa and Russia. Your find might have geological significance. I suggest you want to share it either with a university for research purposes, or with a mining company if you want to sell your land for a good price.
Still on my quest to design a home made greywater treatment system, I have come across virtually no specific science on the efficiency and effectiveness of greywater treatment systems.
Permies seem to apply mulch beds, carbon, gravel, sand, reed beds etc. They show off a glass filled with greywater before treatment, and greywater after treatment. Of course, the treated greywater is clearER, meaning the turbidity was reduced. Everything else remains a mistery: contents of N and P, heavy metals, tensides, salts, soap, bacteria, viruses, acidity/alkanility etc.
I have come about one review paper on greywater treatment systems, which emphasizes that it investigated only industrial scale systems and thus would NOT be applicable to home made systems- still useful informations about the beforementioned mehtods. here is the link:
What science do you base your design on?
Please feel free to share other articles!
Sandstone is an excellent building material since it is widely available and often easily workable, but as described in other posts, it can have its difficulties.
Many historical buildings in Switzerland are made of sandstone. This particular sandstones has a calcite matrix (in other words, calcite binds the sand grains together so that they form a rock). Due to this, the sandstone is very susceptible to erosion over the centuries. Other sandstones have quartz as binding material, making them very strong and hard.
Be aware that the terms Sandstone, Clay, Quarzite etc can have different meanings depending on wether you talk to a geologist, stone mason, geotechnical engineer, decorative stone vendor etc.
Maybe you could post some pictures of your sandstone occurrence, so that we can help you with a first assessment.
I would rather look into cutting gluten, caseine, lactose, carbs and such out of your diet. There is anecdotal as well as thorough scientific evidence that a diet free of these, or some of these, helps with some mental disorders. Google is your friend, it's been ways too long since I spent time with this.
Of course anecdotal evidence "does not count", but for the individual who reaps the benefits, it well does So give it a try!
Acacias are said to be nitrogen fixers, since they are legumes, and I see them mentioned in this forum every now and then. I guess people are planting them as part of tree guilds. Living in Chile (mediterranean to semiarid), there is a bountyfull of trees that only grow here, lots of them draught hardy and even edible, and the local Acacia Caven is one of them. A spiny shrub, slow growing, hated by all.
Now I have come over some research abouth the A. Cavens role in the local forests. The author found a close relationship to other young trees growing under the canopy of the Acacias, thus providing shade, humidity and maybe nitrogen. The paper then proposes that the Acacias are nurse trees for the other trees, which will eventually outgrow them.
Of course I wrote an email to the author of the paper, who was so friendly to reply. According to her observation, the younger trees growing under the canopy of Acacia had their stems literally only centimeters away from the Acacia stem. I understand this is much much closer than the permaculturists would recommend, e.g. if you are planting a forest garden, or any sort of tree guilds. Furthermore, in her opinion, the Acacias provide mainly humidity, but there is no significant effect of nitrogen fixing
So I am wondering: is it advantageous to plant Acacias next to other trees in general, the saplings being 5cms away from each other?