All-Purpose vs. Bread, Cake and Other Types of Flour
Flour is milled from different varieties of wheat containing different amounts of protein. And it’s the different levels of protein that give each type its own unique qualities.
In general, flour made from harder wheat (like bread flour) is higher in protein and gluten, making it ideal for crusty breads and yeast-risen products. Flour made from softer wheat (like cake flour) contains less protein and gluten, making it more appropriate for lighter, more tender goods like cakes and biscuits.
A combination of hard and soft wheat is milled to produce all-purpose flour. The resulting medium protein content (between 9% and 12%) offers just the right balance of strength and tenderness for the everyday baker to make chewy breads, delicate tarts and everything in between.
All purpose flour you buy is usually processed to remove the bran & germ leaving only the endosperm, and looks white in color.
However you can make an all purpose flour from whole wheat grains by mixing whole hard & soft wheat grains. It will be a little heavier than the processed flour but will work just fine.
All commercial flours are ground with steel, which gets very hot, hence you end up with a degraded product. Most commercial whole wheat flour is also white flour (not bleached) with the un-ground bran germ added back in. That's why a loaf of bread made from stone ground WW flour is brown, whereas with commercial flour it is white with brown flecks. Its harder to get a light, fluffy loaf with stone ground, but the taste is better IMO.
Most commercial whole wheat flour is also white flour (not bleached) with the un-ground bran germ added back in.
The good stuff is called "whole grain whole wheat". Anything that says just "whole wheat" that I have looked at has an ingredients bar that says: "Flour, Bran". Whole grain flour often doesn't have an ingredients bar because the "whole grain" says it all.
Stone ground is good... on the other side of the water(Georgia Strait), I can get 20lb bags at just over $10. Here it is $7 for 5lb bags.... same company
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