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Mixing essential oils and water. Emulsifier needed?

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I am making a mouthwash, when I mix essential oils and products like neem seed oil with water, do I need to use an emulsifier?
Don't essential oils, being oils just sit in the water and not mix? I definitely would of thought so with neem oil.
What about extracts that have been made, I presume with alcohol to make a tincture? Things like Lemon Balm or Grapefruit Seed Extract,  are these water based, or oil based? Can they be added straight to the water base for the mouthwash?
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Hi Clara,

The oil will float on top of the water without being emulsified. To determine if the extract is in oil form, will depend on the methods of extract and whats being extracted. If I recall most seed extracts purchased from suppliers typically are in oil form, and made from distillation extract processess. Otherwise it would be a tincture, made with water and or alcohol.

The best method I know of to emulsify your mouthwash, without adding things like alcohol, is to use a high speed blender. Add your water, then your essential oils at ratio, and slowly crank up the blender to high speed. After maybe five minutes of high speed blending the mixture becomes emulsified.

A word of caution to anyone using neem products, that may be ingested. It has been documented as a reproductive disruptor, that should be avoided if pregnant or expecting to become pregnant.

Hope that helps!
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