My first pickling experience I tried to make turnips and followed recipe from home preserving bible. 1 pound shredded turnips 1/3 cup pickling salt with three inches of headroom mashed the turnips under the juice put brine filled bag on top and left jar uncovered for three weeks at 67-74 degrees. There was no bubbling at all. The turnips turned brownish. They tasted crispy and pickled but absurdly salty even when rinsed. What happened?
J Davis wrote:I am not familiar with the brine filled bag on top. Can you elaborate on that?
It's my understanding the brine filled plastic bag is meant to keep the turnips under the brine when they bubble up and it is filled with brine in case it leaks into the jar it won't disturb the brine ratio
In my experience when the fermented vegetable turns brown it is due to oxygen exposure or high temperature. It sounds like temperature was not the issue.
Did the recipe tell you to leave the jar uncovered? I've never heard anyone recommend doing that. With a lid on the jar the CO2 will build up and will cause the ferment to bubble. With a lid on you must burp it regularly to allow these gases to escape, because the pressure will build. If you ferment without a lid then I would imagine that would prevent any noticable bubbling and would expose the vegetables to oxygen, even when submerged under a brine.
For fermenting vegetables, my standard ratio of salt to vegetables is 1 tablespoon salt to 1.6 pounds of vegetables. If I need to add more brine, it's the same ratio 1 tablespoon of salt to 3 cups of water.
Joseph Lofthouse wrote:For fermenting vegetables, my standard ratio of salt to vegetables is 1 tablespoon salt to 1.6 pounds of vegetables. If I need to add more brine, it's the same ratio 1 tablespoon of salt to 3 cups of water.