Nicole Alderman wrote:I'm thinking menstruating women and those with low iron might want to supplement with iron. Even when I was eating a lot of high-iron meat products to try to get my iron up, I would calculate out how much iron I'd gotten, and it wasn't enough. And I was always mildly anemic. Women in general need twice the amount of iron as men, and I think those with heavy periods likely need more iron than those with lighter periods. Since it's usually even harder to get enough bioavailable iron from plant sources, I think supplementing with iron might be beneficial for many.
Flora Eerschay wrote:I read this article just recently - seems reliable and it lists not only vitamins & nutrients that are not present in plants, but also the ones that are hardly available or in too low amounts:
Source: The Vegan Brain by Georgia Ede MD.
I can remember reading things ages ago (maybe in Nourishing Traditions, but don't quote me) that natural fermentation was a key explanation regarding how some subsistence-level communities seemed to have healthy levels of certain nutrients when "theoretically" they shouldn't, and fermentation was the key. However, I'll specifically point out the comment "from fermenting plant food in that animal's gut" and suggest that humans are animals too! And that we've got lots of helpful microbes doing that sort of thing in our guts! And that there's some evidence that eating naturally fermented foods can change our guts and make them more supportive of the "helpful" microbes we need and improve our overall health.
There's a theory that even Vit B12 can be obtained from fermented plant foods - that's how the B12 gets into animal foods, after all, the vit B12 in animal flesh was absorbed from fermenting plant food in that animal's gut.