Started digging foundations for the walipini today! Building an 18 by 40 mostly undergroundgreenhouse - it'll be exposed a little on the downhill side because of the way the hill sits. I'm also going to leave the east wall ground level (where it will naturally fall) so I can run a wheelbarrow in there easily. Got me a pile of 240ish blocks to start, and going to pour 4 yards or a little less of concrete to support the block walls. It will be 6 foot or so deep at the deepest part on the north western corner, and falling away shallower toward the opposite end. Going to pile up dirt on the southern exposed section of wall to insulate that part.
I'm just really exited we have a trackhoe in the family so I dont have to do anything but buy fuel!
oh, the ditch isnt really crooked, it just looks like it from this perspective because of the way the hill falls away.
Picked up 240 linear feet of 20ft lengths of rebar today for 3 of the 4 sides, and also a small pile of rebar saddles. Gotta cut one of the lengths into short sections for cement depth gauges. This'll be fun (Sarcastic eye roll).
Got the foundation poured today. The 'crete wasnt as bad as I was thinking to work, but my back still hurts from working it down IN the ground. 270 linear feet or rebar went into the hole. Cut two whole pieces to short lengths to make the rods that go vertical in the hole to let you know if its the right depth concrete. Made wood dams out of plywood so we can step up in 8" increments and keep it all level. After this cement dries, I'll dig the hole out in the middle. I can either switch the bucket on the little trackhoe to the 3 foot wide one, or get the big hoe. Dads got another one that is 3 times the size of the little one, so I may go for that one.
Cement truck had a yard and a half extra (WHAT a blessing!) so we poured that at the entrance to the barn which was lower and the cow (Sir Tenderloin) was constantly making it muddy there going in and out the barn and bellowing for sweet feed. Now there's a 10 by 10 pad down there with all my families names written in it.
Since this is all red clay pretty much, its not worth amending for greenhouse soil - ESPECIALLY after dad had a good idea on soil to use. There was a horse barn in the valley down from us for, I dont know, 50 or 60 years or more, and it was abandoned and town down 8 years ago. All the soil below where it was is BLACK, black black. So there ya go, I like the price and the color of it. Gotta do soil tests on it to make sure, but I cant see why it wouldnt be rich.
Be happy, a SLOW cure is what you want. As long as it didn't form ice crystals, it will be stronger crete in the end.
"You must be the change you want to see in the world." "First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win." --Mahatma Gandhi
"Preach the Gospel always, and if necessary, use words." --Francis of Assisi.
"Family farms work when the whole family works the farm." -- Adam Klaus
When we pour concrete and the temperature is supposed to drop below freezing, we always put insulated blankets on top of the new slab. That way the small amount of heat generated from the curing process doesn't escape and gives the slab a chance to freeze before curing.
It's probably fine, but next slab in this weather maybe throw some blankets or even hay on it to keep the cold wind off (drying the top at a different rate than rest of slab) and the curing heat in.
If you are worried about persistent herbicides in the horse manure/soil, take some and plant beans in it. Apparently beans are very sensitive to the persistent anti-broadleaf chemicals, and if those are in the soil the first true leaves will be all deformed. Just stick them under a fluorescent light (doesn't have to be a grow light) in a warmish spot and you'll find out pretty quickly!
I didnt even think about persistant herbicides. Even after 10 plus years? My grandfather probably sprayed roundup at some point, but I dont remember him ever doing it, so that was probably more than 25 years ago. Good idea though
Pulled out the big guns to dig the hole out! I started with the small hoe, and then dad suggested I just get the big one and get it over with. no problem! Big one has a heater in it! lol My youngest son, Jonathan, can sit behind the seat of the big hoe and watch over my head the whole time too.
Took about an hour and a half to dig this big of a hole, and thats not bad. I'm always amazed at the amount of dirt that comes out of a hole. I'll wait a week or so before I get the smaller one IN the hole and dig out closer to the foundation to expose it so I can start to lay block and get the final grade down. I'm within 6 inches of final grade all over the bottom now, which will be 6 foot deep from deepest, then 10 to 12 inches of black dirt in the hole for planting. That ought to be plenty, shouldnt it?
You can hop down in there and feel the dirt, and its a comfy temp. I havent put a thermometer on it yet though.
Nice work! I think you'll be fine with the black soil from the old barn. IMO clay is a good basis for decent soil. Holds the moisture, and once you amend it with your black dirt, ought to be great! We have a sort-of solar growhole, is smaller though 8 X 16'. I like what you're doing, thanks for the photos, keep 'em coming!
Did the big pour today. around 1 ton of sand, the same of rock, and 9 94 lb bags of portland cement went into around 35 wheelbarrow loads and then placed and worked. Not to mention the fill rock that went in the steps too. whooo, I'm going to sleep good tonight! Soon the blocklaying will commence!
Progress is slow on the Walipini. Got the stairs done and the frame torn off and have been laying block for 2 days now. I'm taking alot more time than a professional block mason would, mostly due to lack of experience, but I want the building to look like someone that built it knew what they were doing! lol I may be done sometime mid summer......
Nah, it should begin to go faster, especially when I get to the long walls and get me a string set up so I dont have to check level and plumb on 3 dimensions, only on one. Also I'll have more experience on it - already I'm able to kinda toss the mortar from a few inches up instead of smearing it on like from a butter knife. I still drop a lot, unfortunately.
I drilled the foundation and the steps every certain distance and placed a piece of rebar into it so the wall wont take a fit and jump off the foundation. I've got one in the corners, halfway down each short wall, and in the end of the short walls near the earthen wall. Also one every two steps will be added. I'll pour those probably tomorrow and fill the rest of the blocks with sawdust for insulation.
Also, at the bottom of the stairs, you may notice a hole - this will have a perforated pipe in it to collect the rainwater that comes in the stairwell and be covered in gravel and flow through the foundation to the lengthwise drain.
Looking good! Still high-quality construction. I would fill the cores with concrete and rebar, but I usually over-build and under-engineer... This past winter, I used sturdy insulation between the outside walls and the beds. Seemed to help keep it warmer inside. I bet if you'd put solid insulating panels on the outside of the steps, it'd help.
Here are some updated pictures on the walipini. Got a corner built up and long wall started, as well as the walls by the steps built up to one block above the long walls. Now I need to build up the corners so I can pulls strings from them for the long walls - also because the blocks that I obtained are seeming to be mostly corner block (smooth on one end) and I want to make sure that I have enough of them for the corners. I'm down to probably 12 regular blocks, and I probably have 75 corner blocks left out of 220ish. I'll use those for the walls too after I get the corners done. I'm going to be well short of finishing it with the blocks that I purchased on the first load.
So far, I've got $1 per in the blocks, plus $430 for the main footer pour, plus $120 for portland cement so far (2 bags left), plus $70 for 2 tons of sand (little pile left). Gravel was already in field so it was free. Plus rebar at around $120. So, $960 into it so far. The wood, which looks like I may go with locust, will run me about $600 or so. I've snagged one insulated glass exterior door from a thrift store for $30, and hope to find another.
Don't despair about the block laying taking too long. The first course is slow, even for the pros, because it's just dang tedious to get it right, straight, level, in-line, and cross level. Stick with it, your work to date has been exemplary, keep it up, you won't be sorry you took the time to do it right when it's all done! Thanks for the photos, keep 'em coming! Best, TM
Here is a short walkthrough video of the so-far-built walipini. Also it shows our unplanted garden and our cow, Sir Tenderloin. He is for beef and his date will be soon. I was able to lay 20 block today. This is the first time I actually counted how many block I did in one day!
Not really any progress to speak of on the walipini lately. I started building fencing for the cow, soon to be herd. HT 3 wire fence on a 6 joule Kencove unit. As soon as I get more fencing done, I may buy more cows. Initially fencing around 4 acres, then on to the 10 to 12 acre field, but only after removing trees and clutter and burning it. I also started a chicken tractor in the basement. Also hatching chicks and caring for them in the brooder in the basement.
All this while homeschooling my two boys.
I got too many irons in the fire. lol
Location: Moved from south central WI to Portland, OR
Hey, how about burying the unwanted wood instead of burning it? You could get some nice hugelkultur beds, that hold water in the hot season. . . I also want to put in a good word for *some* trees in a pasture (cows like shade when it's hot) but I'm sure you knew that.
all of them are crabapple and wild cherry, both of which will either kill or injure cattle. And I'd love to do hugelkulture, but I just cant now. plus the amount that I've got is insane. probably going to be 20 10 foot piles (mashed down by trackhoe) by the time I'm done.
I agree, I'd rather not burn the nutrients, but its just one of those things where I cant really do anything else this summer.
it'd look like a schitzophrenic indian burial ground! lol nah, I need the pasture for grass. with 43 mostly huge oaks in the backyard, enough nearly rotten wood falls in the yard yearly to build numerous ones. I've just got too much on my plate this year to do hugel.
You are doing an awesome job here. Seriously awesome and doing it at your pace is the way to go. I bet you will all be glad when the "pit of despair" is the "walpini of food" in the near future. I sometimes forget how red that clay dirt can get down there. Big chunk of my life spent Down East, that pocosin swamp mud is black, but just up the road past New Bern it definitely went red.
I was playing with sketchup for the first time and tried to do a design on it for the greenhouse.
Kinda fun seeing it in these terms, when I only had a pencil drawing and my mind telling me what it would look like.
I hope this works.
ps - these guys at Ceres are great!!! Talk to Mark or Lindsey there and they will take care of you. They have no problem talking about details of your future greenhouse, and better yet, all these "off the grid" ideas (like a rocket mass heater, or walipini...) they are familiar with!!! Thanks Mark!!
Here are some pictures of the progress as of today. Got 25 block laid yesterday, so I guess thats a personal best, with another 15 or 16 today. Getting so close its almost painful to wash out the wheelbarrow, but we've got a big front of freezing temperatures coming through for the next week or so.
MAN I want to get the roof on this building so I can work inside no matter the temperature!
Any ideas on what I can put between the sill plate on top of the wall and the blocks to seal it up? I was thinking felt, but I dont know if thats really available.
note: - admins, if there is a way to put a preview of the sketchup image in the post above, I couldnt figure out how to do it. Maybe I just missed it. Thanks!
Tim, We have been compacting a little with stomping and a tamper, but no big machines up close. We're compacting at an angle to divert rainwater as well. I've had a greenhouse builder tell me that pine will work if you can get the idaho pine plus prime it and paint it twice with an outdoor paint. Cedar would quadruple the price if not more. I'd love it, but I just cant afford a 6000 dollar roof.
Got the roof structure up and east wall nearly complete - I am waiting on the solexx to be delivered at this point, but in this season it'll be the first or so before it gets here. I got the window for free and the door from a thrift shop for $25. I'm painting everything numerous times so no wood is exposed and caulking every gap I can find. 4 large tubes and 3 small ones so far.