Hello. My family is in the root cellar design phase, and the layout of our property has presented a problem. Our entire property is a gentle, south-facing slope with good sun exposure. While this is great for passive solar and gardening, it isn't clear where we should site our root cellar. I know this goes against conventional wisdom, but would a south-facing root cellar be completely crazy? We're at 62 degree N and have a 38F ground temperature. I was thinking that with a lattice of vines on the south wall, the heat absorption during the short sunny season could be minimized. Anyone have any thoughts?
I'm not sure what sort of design you have in mind. Will you be digging a level tunnel and pit into the slope until you're deep enough to roof it over and bury the roof and tunnel with the excavated earth? That's what my family did up in Eagle back in 1976 or so; we were digging into a sandy prehistoric sand dune in the Yukon River valley. Eventually we had a log chamber covered with thick earth, with two separate heavily insulated doors (with a chamber between them) along the level tunnel back to the outside (which was just a few steps from our front door). Total vestibule length was probably fifteen feet with the earth rising beside it from ankle height to "over our heads" and high enough to set full-height doors into the covered trench.
In our case, we had just enough temperature exchange through the logs and earth that in the summer, the cellar stayed at about 40 degrees; in the coldest parts of the winter, being surrounded by frozen ground with very cold air beyond it, the temp would drop to about 28-30, which would be too cold for our potatoes. Thus for a few months of winter we had to keep a five gallon can of water on the barrel stove, and swap a hot can for a cold one into the root cellar every 12 hours or so. That kept the temp in the cellar at about 34. (It also cost us the worst injury accident the family ever suffered, when calcification in the metal water can obstructed the vent and the can superheated and then exploded all over my father. Heating volumes of water on a wood stove has to be done VERY carefully.)
Our property was forested with birch and black spruce, and quite honestly I don't think our geographic facing or amount of insolation was very relevant to the temp in our cellar. It was all about soil temp (which was right about 32, being frozen in winter and mixed lenses of frost and thaw in summer) and thermal mass. My view would be that if the solar facing of your root cellar matters, you aren't deep enough and you don't have enough thermal mass between your cellar and the elements.
Thanks! You pretty much described the setup we had imagined- dug into slope, covered with timbers, buried in earth with just door exposed. Also the double door approach- it seems like folks around here have issues with winter freezing in the main part of the cellar without it.
In that climate you have to have at minimum two door with the air lock between, and at least 3 meters of earth above. The deeper you can go, and the more log or plank you can line with the better. A traditional "ice house" design but buried can keep vegetable stock from freeze in winter, yet this is a more intensive design with double walls, wood plank floor, and insulating saw dust. Several designs in this format may serve you well if "no freeze" in the dead of winter in your goal.