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Biome, according to Mark Shepard...

 
Joseph Weidinger
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I'm reading Mark Shepard's Restoration Agriculture. The more I read, the more I'm confused on what a biome really is. A biome is evidently essential to creating a domestic replica / functioning ecosystem that jives with pre-colonial models. Alright, I get that.

Mark Shepard says his biome is Oak Savanna. Then at another point, he refers to it as just Savanna. Then I go on the internet and look at a map of biomes and there is no such thing as Oak Savanna. Plain Savanna is found basically and mostly in Africa. Wisconsin (where he lives) and central MO (where I live) are both in the deciduous forest biome. Okay. Then on wikipedia, we are either a temperate steppe or a temperate broadleaf forest.

Is he crazy? Am I dumb? Where's the consistency? And what biome am I actually in (Jefferson City, MO, right in the center of the state)?

Thanks...
 
R Scott
Posts: 3306
Location: Kansas Zone 6a
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Oaks are deciduous. They were the primary tree in their forests. That is bing more specific for his area. Yours was probably white oak or osage, but probably had more diversity than his due to climate.

Savanna has more edge, it has more open space than a true forest. It is a good approximation for what the transition from forest to plains was like. It also has much more space for "crops." It is not 100% true to the history for that area, but is close enough to be self-supporting and tuned to be more productive to the farmer's needs. Change the species to ones with more profitable yields but still fill the same role in the biome. Adjust the spacing and density to fit some mechanization. Not 100% correct to history, not 100% bent to the will of modern agriculture--but a synergistic balance between the two.
 
S Bengi
Posts: 1356
Location: Massachusetts, Zone:6/7, AHS:4, Rainfall:48in even distribution
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Here is a wiki entry explicitly naming the american savanna: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_forest-grasslands_transition
Here is a wiki entry listing savanna in cali, great plain, brazil, etc, etc: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savanna#Savanna_ecoregions

What is a savanna: it is the transition from forest to grassland/desert.
Another word for savanna is prairie/steppe that gets 24 inch to 39 inch of rain.

I understand your confusion with the english language, it happens to me too, is it a hurricane/cyclone/typhoon/weather system.
 
Dave Lodge
Posts: 93
Location: New England
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There are various maps for certain different distinctions. In the US, ecoregions is a good start. In these regions are biomes, which include different land in these regions. Like a Oak Savannah or a Mixed Deciduous Trees. These biomes might be present in other places in the world, with different species makeup's. In these biomes are native plants, which thrive in these areas. Depending where you live in the ecoregion will show the biomes that are present where you live.

Ecoregions:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ecoregions_in_the_United_States_%28EPA%29

Biomes:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biome

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biome#mediaviewer/File:Vegetation.png
 
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