does organic valley cooperative only allow one type of milk cow or do they accept milk from any cow even the smallest pygmy milker? i am asking this because some people own small market farms while others own large farms and different cow sizes for different farm sizes. its good to have farmers pool under one brand name so they do not have to compete.
Dairy farmers generally don't retail market their own milk. They sell to a milk coop or consolidator (some "dairies" actually buy milk from other local dairies, for example, Stewart's Dairy). The entity buying the milk has its own requirements as to the least amount they will pick up. Yes, there are small coops who have in the past picked up or accepted milk from one cow, as long as it passes all the other requirements. This doesn't mean that there is one in your particular area. You may wish to make some phone calls to find out.
As for the breeds, I've never heard of one restricting the breeds. Milk buying depending upon the quality of the milk, taking into factors such as protein and butterfat content. Some small dairies will have several different breeds in order to try to produce their preferred protein, butterfat, and poundage goals.
It's never too late to start! I retired to homestead on the slopes of Mauna Loa, an active volcano. I relate snippets of my endeavor on my blog : www.kaufarmer.blogspot.com
no wonder he is so sad, he hasn't seen this tiny ad:
Getting ready for the Better World Book kickstarter - February 2019