Loxley Clovis

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since May 27, 2016
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I'm a seasoned archivist & documentarian who cares deeply about the permaculture principles of people care, earth care, & fair share. By creating Story Connective, I bring these principles to life through filming stories of resilience & sharing them with the world. Being a GNU/Linux geek (yes, I has a Linux beard), I choose to use Free Open Source Software & Hardware whenever possible. I'm excited to contribute to the Creative Commons by using my passion for storytelling (In Spanish the word for history & story are the same after all) to spread solutionary ideas.
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Recent posts by Loxley Clovis

Aloha Greg,
I love what you, Andrew, & crew are doing at OSU. Your team has done such a great job creating & sharing awesome permaculture content; I'm a big fan.

Also, everyone in this thread has made excellent suggestions so far. I would like to second S Bengi's point about permaculture being more than just "advanced gardening" as it's often stereotyped. It's full-spectrum, whole-life-systems biomimicry. I like Holmgren's Permaculture Flower to help highlight this. In reality, an entire university system could be designed around all the "departments" that permaculture includes.

1. Emphasizing solutions-based thinking over deficit-based thinking. I experienced a paradigm shift during my PDC from a single-sentence suggestion uttered by the permaculture instructor one day. We were to be working outside helping to restore a semi-wild creek. Before we started working on it all together, this teacher's suggestion outside of the humble tool shed to us was, "Today, we're going to focus on what we have at hand, not what we lack [in order to accomplish the task]." I after hearing this & now fully adopting this mindset in my everyday life, I feel as though I'm not only a more effective permaculturalist, I'm also a more effective person.

2. I've listened to 4 of Bill Mollison's PDC's & read his books. Bill was constantly citing & referencing the practices & names of indigenous groups - past & present - for their advancement of regenerative systems & lifestyles. This is a precedent that must be followed, not only because it's the right thing to do, but also because it gives folks real-life historical examples to be inspired by.

Tyler Ludens wrote:I frequently reference How Permaculture Can Save Humanity and the Earth, but Not Civilization by Toby Hemenway.

That video is epic, & for me, it was truly paradigm shifting.
It was also recorded / released in 2010. Toby later further evolved & refined his arguments in 2 follow-up speeches:

Redesigning Civilization with Permaculture by Toby Hemenway, in this 2013 video Toby's critique & solutions are more evolved & nuanced, building on the previous 2010 talk:

Liberation Permaculture by Toby Hemenway: in this 2015 audio podcast, Toby cites James C. Scott as a major paradigm-shifting author that has influenced his ideas about the global history of agriculture & outlines his major theories & their relationship to permaculture.

It was this podcast that introduced me to Scott's work. If you like this sort of anthropology of ag stuff, I definitely recommend watching James C. Scott talks online, & reading his works. He has some really innovative ideas about peoples who historically -& currently- engage in polycultural horticulture, as opposed to monoculture-plow-grain agriculture, as well as the relationships between these 2 types of societies.

This is crucial. When one listens to Bill Mollison's PDC's, one realizes that he is constantly citing the practices of indigenous horticuluralists (eg. pre-Western contact influenced horticulture in Hawai'i) as historical & currently existing examples of permaculture. These citations need to be carried forward in every PDC, not only giving credit where credit is due, but also inspiring folks as to what is possible with our relationships with the plant, animal, & microbial worlds.

Dave Burton wrote:Hi Loxley! I hope the work with the food co-op goes well! I've added this post to a couple more forums!

Thank you Dave; I really appreciate that.
The project idea is really getting a lot of positive responses from the community right now & we hope to acquire the land for regenerative ag & regenerative local co-ops.
1 week ago
Songs For Change is our latest Re-envision Maui podcast. In this episode, you'll hear how the children at an elementary school became rock stars. Pōmaikaʻi Elementary School has become a model for how to use the arts to inspire children to reach their highest potential in the classroom, in the community, & beyond. We sat down with 2 educators, Melinda Caroll & Rae Takemoto, & heard the stories about an innovative arts integration project that combines classroom learning, science, garden learning & music. Together, with the school garden as the theme, Melinda & Rae lead the children of the school through the entire process of creating a CD, from songwriting, to professional recording, to sharing the music with the world. Melinda & Rae believe strongly in creative potential. They share with us fantastic stories about their experiences & observations of how the arts can be woven into schools with powerful results.
1 week ago
Aloha permies,

In our latest podcast episode, you'll hear how the children at an elementary school became rock stars. Pōmaikaʻi Elementary School has become a model for how to use the arts to inspire children to reach their highest potential in the classroom, in the community, & beyond. We sat down with 2 educators, Melinda Caroll & Rae Takemoto, & heard the stories about an innovative arts integration project that combines classroom learning, science, garden learning & music. Together, with the school garden as the theme, Melinda & Rae lead the children of the school through the entire process of creating a CD, from songwriting, to professional recording, to sharing the music with the world. Melinda & Rae believe strongly in creative potential. They share with us fantastic stories about their experiences & observations of how the arts can be woven into schools with powerful results.

Songs For Change podcast  ←click this link to listen & hit "subscribe" if you like; it's free!

CREDITS: The songs from Pōmaikaʻi Elementary School featured in this podcast are...
Pulelehua and Lovely Lehua by 2nd grade students,
The Living Earth by 4th grade,
Nā Maka O Ka ʻĀina (Feat. John Cruz) by 3rd grade,
E Kuʻu Māla ʻAi by the Pōmaikaʻi teachers,
ʻOhana by 1st grade.
All songs shared with permission from Inspire Media (all rights reserved).

the students & teachers of Pōmaikaʻi School,
Melinda Caroll of the When We Shine Network,
Rae Takemoto of Friends of Pōmaikaʻi,
Lehua Simon of Mālamalama Maui,
John Cruz,
& our non-profit partner E.L.L.S.S.A.

If you support Story Connective's 501(c)(3) mission & vision of sharing inspiring stories of resilience & possibilities, please help us out:

Share the podcast with friends, family, coworkers...
Subscribe to our podcast & our YouTube Channel
Like us on Facebook.com/StoryConnective
The Story Connective is 100% listener supported; learn how to become a supporter at Patreon.com/StoryConnective

or by using the "Become a Patron" button on your Podbean podcast app.

If you would like to make a one-time donation to the Story Connective, go to Rally.org/StoryConnective

Topics covered in this episode include:
music, children, singing, gardening, schools, education, learning, science, teaching, arts integration, collaboration, community, students, communication, creators, creativity, songwriting, recording, songs, lyrics, food, drawing, acting, dancing, expression, teaching artists, confidence, pollinators, symbiosis, butterflies, soil, water, rocks, bugs, poetry, melody, teamwork, classroom, problem solving, freedom, peace, art, laughter, nature, inclusion, understanding, belonging, empowerment, voices, tableau, theatre, emergence, brainstorming, magical, perseverance, influence, family, funding, Maui, placemaking, environment, fun, achievement, prayer, soul, participation, album, possibilities, resilience, inspiring, parents, grandparents, sharing, CD, training, art forms, professional development, empathy, vulnerability, facilitation, solutions, challenges, vision, talent, welcoming, women, non-profits, donors, grants, healing, big beat, creative literacy, poverty, Social Artistry, pulelehua, enlivening, Kamehameha butterfly (Vanessa tameamea), Hawaiʻi, music videos

Thanks for listening & for all your support
1 week ago

Tereza Okava wrote:They took a burlap sack and soaked it in a 50% water/50% beer solution, and left the wet sack on the ground for 2 or 3 days. Went back, picked it up, shook it off into a bag or bucket to dispose of the snails, resoaked, left it again. Did this in the entire orchard a few times and cut the snail problem way down.

Finally, a use for those bottles of Bud Lite that were brought & left at my house at a potluck that I was never going to drink, ever!
Thank you Tereza
2 weeks ago
Nice challenge! Also, very great replies so far.

When I first saw the image in your original post, another image immediately came to mind... one of the most beautiful pioneer and long-term, "climax", endemic Hawaiian forest tree species: ʻōhiʻa lehua

"It produces a brilliant display of flowers, made up of a mass of stamens, which can range from fiery red to yellow. Many native Hawaiian traditions refer to the tree and the forests it forms as sacred to Pele, the volcano goddess, and to Laka, the goddess of hula. ʻŌhiʻa trees grow easily on lava, and are usually the very first plants to grow on new lava flows.

The reddish brown heartwood of Metrosideros polymorpha is very hard, fine textured, and has a specific gravity of 0.7. In native Hawaiian society, it was used in house and heiau construction, as well as to make papa kuʻi ʻai (poi boards), weapons, tool handles, hohoa (round kapa beaters), and kiʻi (statues and idols). Although the trunk of ʻōhiʻa was not used to make the kaʻele (hull) of waʻa (outrigger canoes), it was used for their nohona waʻa (seats), pale (gunwales), and pola (decking). Wae (spreaders) were made from the curved stilt roots of ʻōhiʻa. (fencing) was made from the wood due to its availability; kauila (Colubrina oppositifolia or Alphitonia ponderosa), more durable woods when in contact with soil, was rarer. As the wood burned hot and cleanly, it was excellent wahie (firewood). The lehua (flowers) and liko lehua (leaf buds) were used in making lei. The flowers were used medicinally to treat pain experienced during childbirth.
ʻŌhiʻa lehua is one of the few honey plants that is native to the Hawaiian Islands." - Wikipedia

Since it's endemic, & facing many challenges as of late, it may be possible to get grant funding to plant lots of it.
2 weeks ago
So I just built a compost tea brewer for my roommates & I. I spent a lot of time researching how to build it, not very much time & money putting it together, & a lot of time putting together a pretty comprehensive email explaining to my housemates how to use it & why. Since I spent a lot of time on an information-dense email I shared with just a small handful of people, I figured it would be more impactful if I also made it a permies.com post!

This is the main video I used to build the 5 gallon bucket compost tea brewer (after watching a lot): How to make a compost tea brewer for under $30, by pnwgardening

This is another similar 2-part video that explains how I built & how to use the 5 gallon bucket compost tea brewer:
Cheap DIY Compost Tea Brewer (under $30) 1/2 & Cheap DIY Compost Tea Brewer (under $30) 2/2, by Garden Frugal

This video explains how to remove chlorine from tap water using a 5 gallon bucket bubbler. Conclusion: tap water probably needs to bubble for at least 6 hours, but 24 hours is best according to this video: Chlorine & Chloramine Removal For Compost Tea, by Tea LAB

This video shows how to fill the your bag with beneficial microorganisms (compost) & breed them up. Conclusion: he suggests brewing tea for 12 hours, though we may need to experiment with different lengths with our (various) compost(s): How to Brew Compost Tea in a 5 Gallon Bucket to Enrich Your Garden, by Learn Organic Gardening at GrowingYourGreens.

   That last video references the book Teaming with Microbes: The Organic Gardener's Guide to the Soil Food Web.

If you really want to travel deep into the compost tea world, I highly recommend studying Dr. Elaine Ingham who pretty much pioneered the modern bubbled compost tea process & is constantly doing research to improve it:

Dr. Elaine Ingham video search results,

Dr. Elaine Ingham's website: SoilFoodWeb.com,

Dr. Elaine Ingham on wikipedia: definitely check out the publications, references, & external links on her Wikipedia page, loads of good stuff.

We're currently bubbling up our first test batch of compost tea & I'd love to see it working awesome. I'm open to any & all constructive criticism from you permies on this build to possibly improve it even more.
2 weeks ago
Aloha permies,
If you've ever heard about the Beacon Food Forest in Seattle, then you may have heard about one of its incredible creators: Jenny Pell. Well Jenny is at it again with another amazing permaculture project, this time on Maui, Hawai'i. Check out the budding Maui Food Hub & Kuleana Coop project:

After shuttering the entire sugarcane operation on Maui two years ago a coalition of local farm and food activists is trying to buy the entire Central Valley (36,000 acres!) for regenerative agriculture. The Sugar Mill is imagined here as a hub for all kinds of businesses and activities. This site used to house an entire company town, complete with movie hall, bowling alley, store, school and more. The old mill buildings all need a complete overhaul, but because they are zoned heavy industrial pretty much any kind of business is allowed there.  We want a permanent farmer's market, commercial kitchens, restaurants, a Maker's Space, art lofts, galleries, farm-to-table dinners, concerts, a full-service education center, agritourism, and all kinds of cottage industry. Reimagining this amazing industrial center as a local community resource that serves both our own Maui residents and the hospitality industry shows how we can turn this brownfield site into a beautiful gathering space, and create scores of living-wage jobs at the same time!

This project is really starting to gain traction on Maui. If you like this project, please like & share this post so that the momentum keeps building.

If you want to know more about Jenny's happenings on Maui check out the podcasts we created with her about these sorts of permaculture things:
What Can We Grow Now? - interview with permaculture designer Jenny Pell pt. 1
What Jobs Can We Create Now? - interview with permaculture designer Jenny Pell pt. 2

Check out the amazing re-envisioning artistic piece that Silvia Yordanova created:
2 weeks ago

Koa Hewahewa wrote:If a single tree is planted alone on a hill, then it is left to battle the elements alone. If a tree is planted alongside other forestry, those surroundings will protect it; allowing all to flourish. Such is the life of our native forests. The same is true of keiki. A child surrounded and protected by mākua, kūpuna and ʻohana is healthier.

Poly-Forestry (Polynesian Agroforestry) is a unique method of reforestation developed by the ʻOhana Hewahewa, which fuses Hawaiian indigenous farming techniques and knowledge with modern day tools and technologies. This method is bio-diverse with dense planting done in a successional way. It incorporates Native Hawaiian canoe crops, like kalo (taro) maiʻa (banana), Kō (sugarcane) etc., with our Native Hawaiian forest trees such as Koa (Acacia koa) and ʻOhiʻa (Metrosideros polymorpha). Together these plants create a ʻOhana Style effect, which is the mindset and value system of ʻOhana Hewahewa when farming and managing lands, staff and operation. Hōkūnui Farms is planting 20-acres of native trees on land that was used for plantation agriculture for 100 years.

The important idea of family style planting is having family together, to take on the challenges and successes of life. When plants, animals and humans alike are in their younger stages of growth, they are very susceptible and vulnerable to pests and predators. Planting in a successional method, such as planting the fast-growing hardier plants simultaneously with the slower, fragile plants, allows the hardier plants to provide quick protection from wind and pest.

Other contributing factors to this thriving farming method are:
Kaulana Mahina: Understanding the Hawaiian Moon calendar and how it affects flora and fauna. The moon dictates the moving of all liquid including the water in the biology of the plants and animals. This knowledge allows us to schedule our work days, weeks and year to the benefit of the plants, depending on the phase of the moon.
Dense planting: Planting plants very close together. Benefits of this planting style includes windbreak, shade to shade out weed growth, and pest control. It also helps some of our trees to self-prune, dropping its organic matter or leafy material in place to mulch our trees.
Bio-Diversity: Planting many different varieties of plants.
Pest Trapping: Planting many different varieties of plants together to create a diversion for the pests to confuse and distract them from attacking our vulnerable native trees.
Mulching: The use of leaves, grass and wood chips to suppress weed growth and protect the soil from evaporation. Mulch can hold moisture and self-distribute water when necessary.

(E) Endemic: Plants found only here in Hawaiʻi.
(I) Indigenous: Plants found here in Hawaiʻi, but also in other places around the world.

Native Hawaiian trees function as protectors of the smaller trees and shrubs and play an important role in our unique native Hawaiian watersheds. These trees provide canopy to capture rainfall and fog to distribute moisture evenly outward, down through the root system and into our aquifers to provide us with drinking water. They create an entire self-sustaining eco-system within that biota which provides rich nutrient soils and precious habitat for our native birds, insects and other native flora and fauna.

• (E) Koa (Acacia Koa): One of the most valuable wood sources in ancient times; canoes and many hand tools were carved using its beautiful wood. Koa has the ability to fix nitrogen and fertilize the forest. Itss sickled leaves drip water down and around, which also acts as irrigation for the forest.
• (E) ʻOhiʻa (Metrosideros polymorpha): Known as a pioneer specie, for it is usually the first tree to grow on lava. Its strong taproot can break through blue rock and distribute water to our aquifer. ʻOhiʻa can be found in many forms, from a sprawling shrub to the tallest tree in the forest, hence the species “polymorpha” meaning many forms. It was also a very valuable hardwood with many uses.

These medium trees are the second filter of the forest that helps break the fall of water from impacting smaller more vulnerable groundcover and soil. In our ohana style planting, we utilize canoe crops for the same function which also provides food for our land and people. Canoe crops are valuable plants brought by ancient voyages across the ocean for food, shelter, clothing and tools (cordage/rope, basketry, storage, etc.)

• (I) ʻAʻaliʻi (Dodonaea viscosa): The tree that withstands the strongest of winds. Drought tolerant and windbreaker for our smaller native shrubs and trees
• (I) Maiʻa (Banana): Food source, used in imu (underground oven)
• (E) Māmaki (Pipturus albidus): Clothing, medicinal, drank as tea, hand tools
• (I) (Sugarcane) (Saccharum officinarum): Food source, medicinal, thatching, windbreak
• (I) Lāʻī (Ti Leaf): Cultural and traditional uses, medicinal, storage, lei, clothing

These plants include ground covers such as ferns and mosses. The understory, or groundcovers, play an important role in protecting the soil and acting as living mulch that holds and distributes water in wet or dry times. They also provide a vast eco-system for our microorganisms and micro-flora and fauna.

• (I) Kalo (Colocasia esculenta): Most respected and valuable food source in ancient times and now; main staple food
• (I) Kupukupu (Nephrolepis cordifolia): Lei making, kūpeʻe (wristlet and anklets) and haku (head lei)
• (I) Palapalai (Microlepia strigosa var. strigosa): Lei making, used culturally and traditionally in Hula
• (I) Maile (Alyxia stellata): Highly prized for lei making, used culturally and traditionally in Hula. Also used in bird catching

Plant life at Hōkūnui Farms begins at Kapūʻao (the womb) Plant Nursery, which nurtures about 30 different native and canoe plant species before they are planted in the ground. Hōkūnui also works with native plant experts in our community to source plant material and learn from their expertise.


Hawaiians have many names for sky conditions and cloud formations. Some of these names are specific to certain areas, and many are quite descriptive, illustrating their deep connection to physical surroundings and natural processes. The

Piʻiholo area is famous in chant and song for these clouds, rains and winds:
ʻUlalena – a reddish-yellow cloud bank of rain illuminated by the rising or setting sun
ʻŪkiukiu – the cold, biting rain that comes in from the north
ʻŪkiu – a cloud bank that moves in from the north
Kiu – The cold northeast trade wind that brings the ʻŪkiu clouds and ʻŪkiukiu rain
Kiumoenāhele – a strong wind that flattens the forest, or wind that lies in the forest

Lei moani ʻula ka ua i ka lāʻau
The rain forms a fragrant red wreath in the forest
Aweawe lena i ke kukui o Lili
With yellow tendrils reaching the kukui trees of Lili
I ka waluhia e ka ua ʻUlalena
The rasping of the ʻUlalena rain
Meheu ka piko o ke koa i Haʻikū ē i laila
Leaves its traces upon the center of Haʻikūʻs Koa grove, there…
—Ko Hawaii Ponoi, 18 June 1873

Find out more about this awesome project here: Hokunui.com/Forestry
3 weeks ago