Lukas Eriksson

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since Aug 22, 2013
South West Sweden
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Recent posts by Lukas Eriksson

Thanks for the good answers! I have a few more question I hope someone could answer for me. If I would let my goats eat a diet mostly from bushes and trees, would that minimize the need for extra minerals? When I see pictures of goat pastures it´s often just grass and that makes me think that it´s a very unnatural place for goats and maybe that is why they like escaping so much? Maybe not, but it´s a thought.

Would seaweed give goats some of the minerals they need? If I would make hay for goats should it be from more deep rooted plants like alfalfa instead of grass?
I am currently leasing land, but I want to have a farm in the future with animals to provide me and my family. So I am reading a lot about what animals would suit me the best and what I can do to make the animals feel the best. Goat(despite all the warnings) and sheep seems to be the best animals for milk on a small scale, but something that always comes up is "you have to give them extra minerals or they basically die" which I understand, of course you should provide them with what they need. The goat, at least in Sweden for a long time was consider to be the poor man´s cow because how easy and cheap it was to keep and at the same time provided almost everything the family needed. What I don´t understand is how could the poor people in the old days keep goats? I don´t think they could provide the goats extra minerals from outside, so how could they keep goats in a very selenium deficient country like Sweden without the goats dying?

My main question is, where do the minerals we give our animals come from? Is it products from the mining industries? Or does it require a lot of acreage of some crop which they extract it from? I guess what I am trying to say is, how sustainable is it to bring minerals from the outside when I don´t even know where it comes from?

I hope and would be very grateful if someone can give me a good answer because i can´t find anything, not in books or on the mighty internet.

These year I have been experimenting growing vegetables and grains different ways to see what suits me the best. I tried to grow spelt and black oats under mulch and both sprouted through the mulch and made a good harvest despite no watering, weeding or fertilizer. I also tried to grow vegetables using the same method, but the transplants(mostly tomatoes) and other flowers(borage, phacelia) outgrew and shaded out the vegetables(mostly carrots, beets, salad,radish). The seeds were a few years old so maybe that affected the germination, but a few carrots, beets, salad and a lot of radishes came up, but not enough to see if the experiment was a success or not.

I have seen videos of Holzer and others when they throw seed mixes and then mulch and that work for me with grains, but do vegetables have a harder time trying do push through the mulch than grains or flowers like phacelia and borage? Is the mulch just a winter cover for the seeds and soil? Do any of you sow and mulch like Holzer does?






5 years ago

Lukas, So is this an outhouse you are talking about?
How long has it been in use?
Is the poop really "fresh"or is just the top foot or so "fresh" ?



Yes it is an outhouse and was quite a long time since it was last emptied, so I think it is only the top poop that is fresh. I decided to make the bed without any humanure because we are going to grow vegetables in the bed so I want to be on the safe side, but I will make small flower hugelbeds so I can use the humanure there instead.

Thanks for all the inputs! In Sweden there is hardly any good information about hugelkultur and permaculture related topics so permies is a blessing for me. When I am finished with my hugelbed I will blog about it so I can spread the knowledge about hugelkultur to my swedish gardening comrades because there is not a shortage of trees in this country to say the least especially after all the storms we have had the last years. Thanks again!
6 years ago
I´m making a hugelbed at my parents summer house and they have an outdoor toilet which is now full of poop. So I thought is it possible to put the fresh humanure in the bottom of the hugelbed so it can decompose there or will it be problems with pathogens and stuff like that? Cause I thought it would warm up the bed earlier in the season and also give nitrogen for the decomposing wood, but it might be a bad idea so I would like to hear your thoughts.
6 years ago
I´m a long time reader of permies, but this is my first time writing here so I hope this subject is in the right forum. I read somewhere about growing grain in orchards, but I just can´t find where I read it. In Sweden, where I come from, the farmers long ago used to have a wild meadow in the orchard which they then cut for fodder and then let the animals graze for a short period. So I thought, is it possible to grow grain in an orchard? What is the the pros and cons? My idea is to use the Fukuoka/Bonfils method. No one I speak to seems to think this is possible, but swedish farming is very narrow-minded so I don´t know if I should trust them.

I´m very grateful for any inputs!

P.S Have you seen any swedish people in this forum?
6 years ago