Burra Maluca wrote:
Benton Lewis wrote:
If it is said they used a mule to plow the fields then I'd like to know how the mule was fed. Was a mule fed off the surplus of one field they were used to plow?
In a scenario like that, the mule would likely be tethered on land just beyond the cultivated area to graze. Around here, they would be brought closer to home at night for safekeeping and the tether moved daily. They might also be taken to the olive grove and tied to a different tree each day to clear around each one - function stacking!
To get specific answers, you really need more specific questions. People aren't going to write an encyclopedia for you.
If you know of such an encylopedia let me know! I don't expect an encyclopedia post.
The mule being tethered to the non-cultivated area is an example of sustainable human farming being dependent, not on human agriculture, but on wild areas. I can see replacing wild buffalo in the prairie with cows and living off eating cows as the staple but its not the excellent human farming practices there that did it, it would be relying on the wild areas to feed your cows.
Permaculture seems to be about humans growing all the food they need to thrive, without relying on non-renewable resources, and relying on plants humans planted in an area.
I'm not sure any peoples lived with just human agriculture alone before petroleum, without significant reliance on the wild. I live in the southeastern united states...no praries. From what i read, knowledge about what they ate and their way of life has been lost, as they were seen as savages and people did not want to learn from them. Who knows what the wild food population was like before
Your explanation of how the mule was fed was specific and helpful, thanks! I can see it working if the mule is fed elsewhere than just the area it was used to farm. My comment about human agriculture being heavily reliant on non-farmed food sources before petroleum was not meant to diminish your answer.