Ryan Sinclair

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since May 27, 2018
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Recent posts by Ryan Sinclair


Good point. I am 8a, just north of you.

I planted just over 150 plants. Here are my clones... (suckers rooted in water first and then soil)

- These are indeterminate varieties.


I personally let the plants try to tell me what they need. I am no expert and am still learning myself.

If a tomato is not flowering:
- Could be low on your NPK
> It's easiest just to add a well-finished compost, worm castings, insect frass, or aerobic/anaerobic tea. Trying to guess exactly what minerals are deficient is putting too much "human" into natures work.

Check drainage, is your soil holding water or is it dry? Very easy to test just get out there and stick your fingers a couple inches deep.
> Watering too often causes shallow root structures and doesn't allow nature to take it's course... Nature wants to set deep roots that tap into the clay layer that is storing the minerals leeched from the humus layer.

This is what I do:

1. If it's brown or yellow -> cut it off - if possible..
- Stop watering, check the soil with my fingers multiple times a day
> If it continues to yellow or brown after a week without rain, take it out and move it  / replace it (I don't want it to spread to healthy of the same variety)

2. If leaves are green, not open and accepting to the sun, droopy but not yellow or brown.
- Add water
- Add compost

3. If the leaves are purple underneath, curling and starting to yellow
- Roots are not getting to the nutrients they need
- Pot up, move to larger area
- Add compost

This is my advice.

Plant more than you want to grow... a lot more. Try to do as little work as possible. When something dies... it teaches you a lesson. Work the problem area to combat that issue specific to what was seeded/transplanted or plant something else there.
Looks like root rot to me. The droopy yellow leaves turning brown and dying.

I am assuming you have been overwatering, have poor drainage or conditions were wet for a long period of time.

To check, you can dig up the plant carefully and inspect the root system for rot. You want to wash off the roots, cut off the rot and apply a fungicide.

DIY Fungicide
1. 4 teaspoons baking soda and 1 gallon of water
2. A well, mixed squirt of dawn dish soap and 1 gallon of water

You don't want to plant in the same spot. Once treated move the tomato to a new location that doesn't have a fungal issue.

Planted the Malabar Spinach in the row with the Pigeon Pea. I'll keep this thread updated on how this row develops!
4 years ago
I planted an entire row of brassicas and in hind sight it probably wasn't the best idea for pest management. Right now I have a problem with fire ants nesting and harvesting from the stalks of my brassicas, broccoli in particular.

What are they harvesting and how can I manage it? Are they harvesting the bi-product of another insect or nectar from the plant itself? Here is a photo of the fire ants carrying a small sap like substance from this broccoli stalk.

4 years ago

Nathanael Szobody wrote:Wow, that's lots of awesomeness for one post! Only one tiny suggestion from me: I would plant your extra Malabar spinach in between the pigeon pees of row 1 and 2. They climb right up the strong stems of the pigeon peas. If they're growing too fast for the pigeon peas, just eat them back.

Oh, and second suggestion, sorry: plant the comfrey all around the garden, even on the lawn edge. It will look pretty and be useful for mulch everywhere.

That's a good idea for the extra Malabar spinach! I did consider it earlier and with your suggestion I feel more confident! If the Pigeon Peas mature as expected I plan on pruning them at around chest height so they can fix nitrogen when chopped and remain within arms reach.

Thank you!
4 years ago
Hi all,

We are now entering our first summer on the homestead! I would love any suggestions / feedback you may have... especially you Bryant Redhawk!

Garden outline:
> Transplants started in 2" soil blocks
> Rows are approximately 30"
> Raised rows consisting of mulched leaves and compost tilled in to the native clay soil, with a 1-4" layer of compost on the surface of each row.
> Tomatoes supported by 8 ft cut pine saplings buried 1 ft deep, florida weave and/or 2 strand tomato twine
> Fencing I use 6 ft T posts with 30lb fishing line approximately every 12 inches
> For organic fertilizers I have insect farms producing frass and redworm farms producing castings. I have not used much of either in any capacity other than seed starting in soil blocks. (still breeding)

Our goal is currently similar to Geoff Lawton's raised rows with adequate tilth and mulch. Hopefully this will allow us to grow varieties that require excellent drainage while retaining enough moisture. The native soil is has a large amount of clay and retains a ton of water.
A high production food forest with annuals and perennials that will produce adequate amount of food for us and our livestock.

Potential issues:
1. Planting too dense in many areas
2. Raised rows not yet mulched, height too high without mulch, roots struggle to hit nutrient dense water retaining clay layer
3. Seeds sown or transplants planted too late in the season (it's starting to get hot!)


Current Date: 5/29

Trellis Row1|Row2: Malabar Spinach (Transplanted 5/20)

Row1: Pigeon Pea - Cajanas Cajan (Transplated 5/26), Pigeon Pea - Jamaican Gungo - Cajanus Indicus (Direct Seeded 5/27)
Row2: Incredible Corn (Direct Seeded 5/26)
Row3: Buttercrunch Lettuce, Bibb Lettuce (Transplanted 4/1), Broccoli (Transplanted 4/1) - no heads produced, fire ants eating stalks, Brussel Sprouts, Alisa Craig Onion, Red Russian Kale, Dinosaur Kale, Champion Collard Greens, Flash Collard Greens (Transplanted 4/15)
Row4: Bradley Tomatoes, 25 plants (Transplanted 4/15)
Row5: Bradley Tomatoes, 25 plants (Transplanted 4/15)
Row6: Bradley / Big Boy / Better Boy Tomatoes (Transplanted 4/15)
Row7: Wax Beans on side 1, Contender Green Beans on side 2, Middle Swiss Chard (Direct Seeded 5/4)
Row8: Texas 6 week aka Purple Hull Peas (Direct Seeded 5/7)
Row9: Dunja Organic F1 Zucchini (Direct Seeded 5/9)
Row10: Big Bertha Green/Red Bell Pepper, Serrano Hot Chili Pepper, Yellow Bell Pepper (Transplanted 5/13) All Star or Ozark Beauty bare root strawberry (Transplanted 5/13)
Row11: Ozark Beauty bare root strawberries in middle of row, Mary Washington asparagus on sides of row (Transplanted 5/15)
Row12: Yellow Onions (Transplanted 5/14)
Row13: White Onions (Transplanted 5/14)
Row14: Albion bare root strawberries (Transplanted 5/25)
Row15: Moringa (Sprouted direct seed 5/25)

Outside row: Comfrey, Symphytum officinale (Seeded 4/19 and transplanted 5/27)
> Tilled raised row, thin layer of compost, layer of cardboard, thin layer of compost, mulched with hay/grass (Ruth Stout method)

Large Lower row: Beauregard Sweet Potatoes, 100 slips in 3 rows, Texas 6 week Cowpeas planted inbetween rows
> Tilled

Outside fence 2 ft area, 240 linear ft: Wildflower Mix
> Tilled native soil, heavy clay

Irrigation: Rural water, a single 40' rain bird sprinkler mounted in the center of the 60' x 60' plot, 4 ft high.


10 rooted comfrey plants, bocking 14, ready to plant
20-40 blocks of malabar spinach, ready to plant
85 soil blocks, egyptian spinach, ready to plant
young seedlings> jedi pepper, lunchbox pepper mix, island pepper, baron pepper (2 weeks old)

seed not yet planted
holland greens (tyfon)
butternut squash, waltham & metro pmr
clemson spineless okra
eggplant, orient express
cabbage, omero
yellow squash, tempest
cucumber, h-19 little leaf

tomatoes, brandywine, cherokee purple, striped german, amish paste, sun gold, sakura, black cherry
lettuce, coastal star, adriana, green butter salanova, deer tongue, buttercrunch
carrots, sugarsnax 54, purple elite
broccoli, imperial, green magic, happy rich, gypsy
beets, touchstone gold, avalanche, red ace

Our property:
30+ acres that includes
1/2 acre pond, 2-12ft deep, stocked with brim, large mouth bass, catfish, feeds wet weather creek
4 acre mature hardwoods, near pond
5 acre immature pine plantation, access to huge supply of pine straw
6 acre lower pasture
4 acre upper pasture
1 acre house area
10+ acres volunteer trees, brush, blackberries and ruins (to be chipped!)

Our equipment:
Cub Cadet RT65 Tiller
Kubota 22.5hp 4wd tractor (Repairing electrical, adding loader)
Ford 1710 23.5hp 2wd tractor (Repairing engine or parting out, removing loader)
Titan Attachments BX42S Wood Chipper
5ft County Line Box Blade
4ft County Line Rotary Cutter
4ft Agric Tiller (planning to create mound attachment for raised rows)

Our planting accessories:
Ladbrooke Mini4 - 2" soil blocks
Ladbrooke Mini20 - 3/4" soil blocks
Ladbrooke Maxi 4" - Soil Blocker
Hori Hori
Weeding Sickle
Sheer Organza bags for seed collection
Hand Pruner
60% shade cloth
12ft x 10ft greenhouse

hatched on 2/5
10 barred rock hens
2 barred rock roosters

6 rhode island red hens
1 rhode island red rooster

9 golden comet hens
2 golden comet roosters (wont produce golden comets, oops)

17 freedom rangers (meat birds)

[in a chicken tractor, no egg production yet, 7 roosters culled thus far
were planning on trying to produce our own meat birds but may just order some cornish instead (price and weight gain efficient)]

our goal is to produce enough chicken feed to not have to purchase any at all.

blue butt piglets arriving in 4 weeks, will need to produce a lot of feed for these as well.

--- a lot of info here! all suggestions appreciated! here is a photo from the other day!

4 years ago
I wear these socks... they are my personal favorite... I prefer the thicker no show ankle socks for my sneakers.

I'm not sure if the warranty covers all the fuzz they collect... after a fear years they collect a LOT of fuzz on the exterior of the socks... no holes though.
4 years ago
True progress in food production and in life requires 3 things:

1. Stability / Consistency
> You must be diligent and sow/harvest within the correct time frame.

2. Improvement
> Your soil must be cared for properly with water, organic matter / fertilizer, mulch, etc

3. Gratefulness
> You must be thankful for the planting area you do have and use it. If it is not enough... you will wait until you have "more" and that time may never come.

At a young age many minorities have these problems... this can be parental issues, other siblings, financial swings, relationship issues, culture swings, legal issues, etc.  If you have UPLIFTING UPS and DEPRESSING DOWNS on a regular basis you cannot develop a trust in the process and you will have a "lucky" or "gambler" outlook on life. Those not grateful for what they have will envy others who have more.. comparison is truly the thief of joy and mentally crippling.

I am in my early 30's now and my wife is just younger than I am, we have been together for 11 years. We both came from lower middle class families that were dysfunctional yet (1)STABLE and CONSISTENT. In my early 20's I listened to Tony Robbins and he honestly changed my life. To put it simply he teaches (2) "CANI" or "Constant And Never-ending Improvement". Progress takes exactly that... constant and never-ending improvement. I will not list my achievements as there are many others who are far better off than I but I will tell you we do not have day jobs and own all our properties and have never had any bank financing.

We are very (3) grateful for what we have and we do not need fancy cars, fancy homes or fancy clothes to prove our worth to others... we have had all those things and they do not bring happiness I assure you. Our pride is not injured by others opinions as we are very (3) grateful to be alive and given the opportunity to thrive.

Stability -> Improvement -> Gratefulness
Gratefulness -> Improvement -> Stability

If you are not grateful for what you have, you will make decisions that are likely to enslave you to another in the form of debt. If you are enslaved to another by debt it is difficult to make improvements and if you stumble just once, you can lose all stability and be forced to start again.

The cycle repeats...

This is not only for tangible real world assets but for your own mental fortitude.


The majority of black culture in-particular lacks these 3 things... it is the culture of learned behavior in society that is the true issue here and not race... as we are all related and share common ancestry.