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Mainstreaming Agrobiodiversity in Sustainable Food Systems - another meaningless report ?  RSS feed

 
Posts: 16
Location: ireland
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just gad a quick skim over the latest assessment of the current planetary crisis and solution, know nothing about the funding behind it but in a nutshell good at addressing problems but bit lightweight on solutions especially of permies variety

Mainstreaming Agrobiodiversity in Sustainable Food Systems


A new book which summarizes the most recent evidence on how to use agrobiodiversity to provide nutritious foods through harnessing natural processes.

this is just a quick 20 min review ive done expect errors and omissions, it just to stimulate debate

it makes depressing reading about the current state of affairs


"The extinction rate for
biodiversity has reached 1,000 times that suggested
by the fossil records before humans

The globalization and homogenization of diets and
farming systems are the greatest threats to agricultural
biodiversity (2, 3). From the pool of 40 animal species
and at least 5,538 plant species documented as human
food (4), only 12 crops and five animal species now
provide 75% of the world’s food (5).

Two billion people are overweight or obese,
while two billion people lack essential vitamins and
minerals needed for adequate nutrition. Malnutrition
in children, which is in part linked to insufficient diets,
is the underlying cause of half of all deaths among
under-fives

Agriculture dominates global land use. Over 38% of
the world’s land is used for agriculture, with 11% under
arable production (1). With the human population
projected to reach up to 9 billion by 2050, there are
increasing pressures to produce greater quantities of
food

The global population will grow from 7.4 billion now
to about 9.3 billion people by 2050 (5). About a billion
more people will live in Africa (6). The global middle
class is expected to more than double in size to almost 5
billion by 2030, and two out of three people will live in
a city (5

Agriculture covers up to 38% of the Earth’s
surface (5) but 33% of the world’s farmland is degraded
(7). Agriculture accounts for 70% of all freshwater
withdrawn (5, 7), and drives 80% of deforestation
worldwide (7

The global food
production system contributes around 24% of global
greenhouse gas emissions (22, 23) and is the single
largest user of fresh water on the planet (24). In addition,
62% of globally threatened species are negatively
affected by agriculture (25). About 40% of the world’s
rural population lives in areas that are water scarce (7),
yet demand for water is expected to rise by a further
40% by 2030.

Meat-rich diets drive depletion of natural resources
through forest clearing for pastures and increasing
methane emissions (7, 26).
"

they talk a lot about their interpretation of "sustainable" solutions though not much real  sustainable practices of the permies variety

they invented a new buzz world "‘Agroecological intensification"

"Ecological approaches to
agriculture are our best bet for reining in this boundary
(20). ‘Agroecological’ intensification is a means by which
farmers can simultaneously increase yields and reduce
negative environmental impacts, through the use of
biodiversity-based approaches and the production and
mobilization of ecosystem services

Agroecological
intensifcation encompasses diverse farming systems, all
of which use the integration of ecological principles and
biodiversity management to increase farm productivity,
reduce dependency on external inputs, and sustain or
enhance ecosystem services. Common practices based
on agricultural biodiversity include intercropping, crop
rotation, riparian buffers, non-cropped vegetation and
diversified intensification (Box 3.1). Other management
practices, such as conservation or no-tillage agriculture,
are also common (21)"


another major factor in current planetary crisis they dont really discuss is sustainable human populations within the carrying capacity of the earth, can anyone guess what such a population might be, how could such a population be reached within current moral religious political etc constraints, we all know it will never happen, the establishment wants its breeding stock at full capacity, and sex wont go out of fashion anytime soon, apologies to sound a bit Malthusian, but maybe its time to have such a conversation, what does permies community think ?

also see https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/sep/26/sixth-mass-extinction-of-wildlife-also-threatens-global-food-supplies


Filename: Mainstreaming_Agrobiodiversity_Sustainable_Food_Systems_WEB.pdf
File size: 11 megabytes
 
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