Troy Rhodes wrote:Automotive alternators are middling in efficiency, IF you drive it at the correct rpm, AND if you get the belt and pulley setup just right.
Likewise, diesel engines can be quite a bit more efficient than gasburners, if you give them the right sized load. Most diesels are at their most efficient when loaded to about 70-80% of their total capability.
Here's a nice article that summarizes that idea:
How many kilowatthours per day are we talking? Then we can do some basic sizing of components and so on.
Once we know what your daily needs are, and how many hours you want it to run, we can optimize the size of the prime mover and the generator head, whatever that is.
What kind of diesel engine are you contemplating?
Thank you for the reply.
My choices of engine are a bit limited. I am looking at the little Kubota 482z 12.5hp water cooled 2 cylinder.
My instantaneous load can be as high as 6kw but only for brief periods. What I am holing to accomplish is something similar to the gas "inverter generators". I do understand that the engine will be at its best efficiency at a particular speed & load. In "real life" the load varies considerably.
Our total consumption varies significantly depending on weather and activities. Late Summer can be the highest at as much as 70kwh in a day. In the Winter we have storms that typically leave us without utility power for days at a time. When utility power is out we will consume 2-5kwh in a day.
I ran an AC generator (8kw) that was powered by the same engine at a constant 1800rpm. It was a great genny but I did not like the fact that it ran at full speed whether the load was 70 watts or 7000 watts. Having used the Honda for the last 10 years I have fallen in love with how quiet and efficient it is at varying loads compared to a constant speed generator.
Given a battery bank and inverters that will support my 6kw (peak) load I think the simplest path for me to follow is to provide a variable output DC source that will help feed the inverters (& other 12/24v loads).
Where I am really lost is:
Which alternator technology may or may not work well in my application?
What parameter should I be basing my throttle setting on? I have considered using battery voltage. The numbers may be off a bit but as an example: If V=13.7-13.9v do nothing. If V<13.7v then increase throttle. If V>13.9v then reduce throttle.
Steve Smyth wrote:I am beginning work on my first composting toilet and have been searching for good information regarding ideal positioning of the urine diverter.
I don't have room for a two seater so getting the urine diverter optimized is a necessity.
Have you all made any progress in making the "shared" urine diverter play well? Have you found any helpful resources out there that you could share?
Any assistance will be appreciated!!
Tyler Ludens wrote:Personally I would not replace a flush toilet with a composting toilet, I would have a composting toilet in addition to a flush toilet, in case there is illness or injury which prevents maintenance of the composting toilet. Diversity is a survival strategy!