I haven't seen any for which that is the focus, except for regional lists of native plants.
I think what would be more useful would be a database that lists plant hardiness, along with maximum and minimum temperature conditions, and the function and trophic level of each plant. That way, instead of a bunch of information that is largely unhelpful (what does it matter now that tomatoes and potatoes are of new-world origin?), you can easily assemble a guild from plants that span the globe but have evolved under similar circumstances, and then ensure that you have one or two of each function filled by one or two of each guild member.
Where it originated isn't as important as where it has evolved to live most recently, anyhow. The plants living where you have access to them now don't resemble their ancient ancestors any more than ours do us.
A human being should be able to change a diaper, plan an invasion, butcher a hog, conn a ship, design a building, write a sonnet, balance accounts, build a wall, set a bone, comfort the dying, take orders, give orders, cooperate, act alone, solve equations, analyze a new problem, pitch manure, program a computer, cook a tasty meal, fight efficiently, die gallantly. Specialization is for insects.
-Robert A. Heinlein
Try this site. I am not sure it is exactly what you are looking for, but it will say what is known about the native ranges of a plant, along with a treasure trove of other info that gladdens my heart. I LOVE Plants for a Future!!!