R Spencer wrote:I have chestnuts and hazelnuts to plant, as well as various other fruit trees I'll propagate and plant, in a small experimental / demonstration orchard. For this first planing I have 10 chestnut and 8 hazelnut seedlings. I got tree tubes and am making stakes for the plantings and have a free source of mulch relatively close.
I plan to plant in rows going North-South, with rows spaced 15' apart.
First rows (nearest to road to west) will be hazelnuts 10' apart within row, (6) hazels
Second row east from first will be chestnuts 15-20' apart within row, (5) chestnuts
Third row 15-20' apart small fruit trees/shrubs/(2) hazels
Fourth row 15-20' apart within row, (5) chestnuts
1. Does that make sense? Should I think of my spacing differently? For growth and for access. I have a <6.5' wide truck and might get a small tractor someday but I doubt I'll go in this mini orchard much with it, maybe to mow. I imagine the tractor/mow setup would be narrower than 10' wide so the 15' rows should be okay. The hope would be to scythe or graze the small area early on, but once a year mowing + weed wacking is a 'last resort'.
2. Only two hazels in the 2nd row, will they wind pollinate okay even stacked in mainly one row? I plant to hedge the hazels together over time, propagating and planting more in between them.
R Spencer wrote:Thanks Mark. I am a fan of guilds, like the trio clusters in the Permaculture Orchard film, but I guess I need to revisit that idea to understand how I actually implement it.
I was asking mainly about spacing in the original post, and thinking of planting in guilds (e.g. large long lasting tree, faster growing/producing shorter-lived tree, support/N fixing tree) sounds good but it makes me even more unsure about spacing. If a mature chestnut is expected to need 40', and growing it out I should plan on ~20' spacing, then where do the support trees fit with respect to the chestnuts? Same idea with the hazels.
I have some guild trees ready to go, but for the most part am just starting with the nut trees for now and will be adding on more trees maybe this fall but more likely in the spring and following fall.
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