First off, through the grace of the universe I have discover permaculture and I am so happy to have done so. It was the synthesis of environmental preservation and studies that I was moving towards. Thank you!
With that said, I have been facing a confusion regarding when the best time of year to prune my trees (avocado, woody tress like silver oak, peach, etc.). Our climate is sub-tropical seasonal monsoon at we are at an elevation of 6,000 Ft (2,000 M). The rain falls for about a month now in late April into May and returns again for a heavy monsoon in late September. By December the rain has stopped and the climate is cool (16 C min) with heavy moister until the beginning of February. Then there is a dry spell from February until this rainy season in April.
I have very mature trees I would like to prune as well as some young trees that are only 5 feet tall. I know some of the general rules of pruning like taking no more than 1/3rd of the trees foliage and maintain good space between branches but I am totally confused about when to prune.
My last question is regarding planting saplings. I have over 15 acres of land and would like to get a bunch of trees planted, but the biggest problem is maintenance because it is really only I who can maintain the landscape and I don't have tones of time on my hands. Is there a way to have self maintaining trees or reduce the amount of maintenance work? Water supply is going to be mostly from the rainfall as I don't have a good water source. Are there any designs for sapling planting like using plastic sheets around the base to discourage weeds and basic nutrients to promote growth?
Since I am no expert in the topic I am open to any critics or insights and am so grateful for any guidance as I really want to get some good tree cover going.
Thank you permies! You will change the world for the better!
10 Podcast Review of the book Just Enough by Azby Brown