My better half an I just purchased 3 acres in Bradford, NY and are eagerly awaiting the build of our shipping container home within the next year. For now, though, it's the research stage! If anyone has any relevant information or experiences other than that which may be found via a quick Google search, it would be much appreciated!
Again, thanks to everyone who's contributed already! You are all so awesome!
Transform 3 acres. for a family of 4
Area A 1 acre food forest, pond/fish, chicken, cabin, top bar beehive
Area B 1 acre silva-pasture. sheep, pond/fish, pheasant, turkey.
180 trees @ 15ft centers @$25/plant
Build 1 big common area yurt connected to 3 smaller yurts/room.
Plant 25% of the land in N-fixer at 15ft centers. (serbian pea, autumn olive, goumi, silverberrry, seaberry)
Plant 25% of the land with winter fruits (persimmons, pears, apple, jelly palm, etc)
Plant 20% of the land with nuts (Hazelnut, Almond, Chilean Nut, Chestnut, Yellowhorn, Sweet kernel Apricot)
Plant 10% of the land with vines on coppice firewood (Akebia, China Blue, Yam Vine, Grape, Kiwis, Passionflower, Schisandra, Tasmania)
Plant 10% of the land with shurbs
Plant 5% of the land with regular vegetables
Cover 5% of the land with house/etc
Top Bar Hive once a year visit (Aug)
Chicken coop over 3ft pond with fish.
FoodForest/Cabin is nested inside Pasture
Divide the acre into 4 rotational paddock(300ftx50ft) with living hedgerow (4*300ft+4*200ft+5*50ft).
2250ft at 5ft spacing = 450plants @$2/plant
Plant 4 nut trees one in each paddock
Digg 4 pond for drinking water and fish
So after leaving the road you will walk through a 30?ft natural forest then meet the 1st living fence, after which you will walk through a 50ft pasture, then a second living fence, after which you will walk 100ft to your actual house. its a mirror image to get to the other side of your property.
List of plants Fruit, Nut, Vine, Shurb, Groundcover, Perennial Vegetable, Self seeding Annuals
Apple, Azarole, Cherry, Chinese Haw, Citrus, Cornelian Cherry, Fig, Highbush Cranberry,
Japanese Flowering Plum, Japanese Raisin Tree, Jujube, Korean Bush Cherry, Mayhaw, Medlar,
Mt. Ash, Mulberry, Pawpaw, Peach, Nectarine, A.Pear, E.Pear, Persimmon, Plum, Pomegranate,
Quince, Flowering Quince, Juneberry, Nannyberry, Che
here is a few plant list for your climate
Layout to get 25%-33% N fixer perennial fruit/nut trees.
Fencing to protect cattle from wildlife and to stop cattle from eating living fence.
Here is a pasture list too.
The main thing to remember is that you want 4 types of plants 1.N-fixers, 2.Drymass, 3.Pest control/medicine, 4.Aerating roots
I would plant 7-12 plants in each category.
pea (pisum arvitiuse)
Solar Water heater
Greywater rain garden.