allen lumley wrote: Maude R. & the 'Permies cloud' : The primary reason to go under the foundation is to protect your plumb-ing from bad weather, which is rather what I think you mean, not
"plumb and level", Here you want things to run down hill, level is Not what you want ! A more common form of wood use within a Cob house is Large timber framing, 2nd most
common, is a wood lattice with much more use of withe's and wattle and daub, it sounds like you have been instructed on a technique that I am not familiar with, I Expect that
Jay C. White Cloud will weigh in here and straighten us out, and I will learn something new !
Actually Rafters need to span from outside wall to out side wall and rest on a Top of the wall plate or joist , The size/diameter of a piece of wood that will bridge from exterior
wall to exterior wall, we will call X, if we double the length that the joist must cross and support, the joist must be 4Xs as thick,- I think that is what you meant to ask !
With careful building starting with the french drains, and landscaping that carries all surface waters away from the house, I would insulate on the outside of the structure !
It is the length of the overhang of the eves on the roof, and how you plan on dealing with the way the water runs off of the roof that determines the safety of the cob, not
number or position of porches! The more overhang the more other things can be stored outside without failure !
Most stem walls are 30'' more or less, depending on the skill of the builder, some people do build without stem walls and go 4-5 years before applying a sedaling finish coat to
the outside walls, but that would require careful handling of the water as it flows off of the roof, and good drainage !
Earthen walls while seemingly charming and simple require a skill set that I do not have, I do not see a earthen floor in my future, I leave that for other of our fellow
members to comment on ! For the Good of the Craft !