Ran Prieur wrote:There are primitive cultures that don't even have the concept of "freeloader" -- if someone does no productive activity, nobody cares. This is possible when a society is built on activities that are so enjoyable or meaningful that ordinary people would rather do them than not do them.
The concept of "freeloading" can only exist in the context of a society built on activities that are so unpleasant that nobody will do them without coercion. This coercion can be anything from whippings, to withholding of money without which you're not permitted to live, to social shaming.
In a permaculture system, every plant and animal does its role voluntarily. If the chickens don't scratch in the dirt, you put something in the dirt to make them want to scratch. Calling them "freeloaders" would be ridiculous... so why do we do this with humans?
your ants are actually your hermits
Also to what extent do you mean one's own tools?
Back to Ran's comment: is it not possible that somebody would like to do their own thing? Maybe with a quarter of an acre they would build a tiny shelter and a small garden. They would do things at their own pace, their own way. They would not be part of the gapper thing. There would be no tool burn issues - because they would use their own tools. There would be no food issues, because they would take care of their own food. There would be no worries about cleanliness because their shelter would be kept clean to their own standards. There would be no worries about building a fire because they would have total control over that.