I've bent and manipulated a couple of trees around the yard and am fairly confident I get the gist of the idea.
The book I briefly looked through about espalier said to top the tree just above where you want the first two horizontal branches to grow........... no way I was going to do that, lol.
I get the idea of it, and I'm certain if I wanted it perfect I'd do it that way, but I don't mind the branches being a little out of place for the sake of saving more wood.
Things I learned.
Be more careful with a flame throwing weed eater because wood chips will catch on fire.......
Don't pressure jujube branches, they are very delicate. I may just let them grow a couple of feet before I try to do anything with them again. Hopefully they grow again.......
Pulling fruit off new trees hurts my brain......
These trees have been in the ground about six months having come from three gallon pots, except the two back pomegranate which are two years older.
I'm using the Back to Eden style of wood chips for a covering.
Zone 8a, desert southwest, 8" rain per year.
I know nothing, so feel free to add your two cents.