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maximizing/minimizing solar gain

 
Posts: 176
Location: springfield, MO
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we are in the design stage of a new home and I am trying to figure out the best way to take advantage of the low winter sun and keep the high summer sun out. Is there a website out there that helps explain how to figure out how much overhang a roof needs to have ect.?
 
steward
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Location: woodland, washington
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there are programs that tell you the angle of the sun at different seasons for different locations. you'll likely have to do the geometry yourself, but it isn't terrible.

around here, it seems like using eaves for this purpose doesn't work real well. it's typically well into June before the sun gets intense enough to cause problems. so we use deciduous vines instead. they seem to fit the seasons better than relying on the angle of the sun. Missouri will likely be substantially different than southwest Washington, though.
 
Posts: 3370
Location: Kansas Zone 6a
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http://www.nmsea.org/Passive_Solar/Passive_Solar_Design.htm

http://builditsolar.com/Projects/SolarHomes/plansps.htm

http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/publications/pdfs/building_america/29236.pdf

http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy01osti/27954.pdf

Links I gathered from researching my last home build.

One thing to note is that you probably need moveable controls or shades to fine-tune the solar gain to adjust for unseasonably warm or cool temps. In MO, I would design my house primarily to be COOL and overbuild my controls. I learned the hard way to pay special attention to western exposures--I am now building covered patios and pergolas to reduce the afternoon heat gain.
 
steward
Posts: 7926
Location: Currently in Lake Stevens, WA. Home in Spokane
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For a tool that figures out sun rise/set, etc for any location, try this:
http://www.suncalc.net/#/39.0558,-95.689,11/2012.06.14/14:09

It can be a useful tool while designing for year round maximization.

 
Peter Hartman
Posts: 176
Location: springfield, MO
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Very cool site. I will be playing with this one.
 
John Polk
steward
Posts: 7926
Location: Currently in Lake Stevens, WA. Home in Spokane
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Yeah. On that site, if you change the date, you can figure out data for the Summer & Winter solstice, then Spring & Autumn equinoxes. With that data, you can graph out the entire year's pattern.

 
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