Hugo Morvan wrote:Hi Patrick.
I wouldn't know because your situation is so different than mine. No moose and bears here. We have cows and horses and lots of bad fencing, so i try to protect the active garden as well as it goes. Now in wintertime, the pastures are not growing enough food, a horse has been in and 4 young bulls have partied there an afternoon. It's annoying, they eat stuff, but most will just grow back if they didn't take the roots out. They trample on things that's more damaging than the eating. But most plants and trees they nibbled from will just recover come spring. In your case it might be much more of a problem because there is a huge difference between finding a bear in your apple tree or finding some horsemanure and ripped out carrots. There are threads about people-bear encounters on permies, try the search bar.Mooses same thing, if they love the stuff you grow they might return quite often, but if it's too alien to what they're used to in the forest it might be not a real concern.
Growing quite a lot of what they love at the edges could repel them from entering your zone 1, close to the house.
That right there is pretty much the plan. I want to grow a 'fence' around the property that can serve as food and shelter for all the wild critters so that they will leave the rest alone. It's gonna be a while before any of that is established though. I worry about the process of getting said plants established. I'm happy to share with the critters but I need to get things going to do so.
If you're looking into growing landrace seed stock get locally adapted seeds and start growing it and save the seeds, that way you will get a healthy bunch of many of whatever you are growing, adapted to local plagues/weather. Losses can easily be replaced in cases of seed saving.
That's the plan here too. I want to locally source all of my seeds. I need cold hardy versions of all the things. We are heavily headed in the STUN method direction with a focus on native plants. Particularly for the forested area. Kind of a Fukuoka/Shepherd fusion. I feel like trying to perfectly pinpoint a hardiness zone these days is a little difficult due to general weather wackiness (hurray climate change...). Our area can range from 3-5 depending on the year and seems to only gets warmer every year. Our plants, consequently, are going to need to be pretty tough. I reckon this largely means developing my own variants and acquiring my seeds locally.
How is the soil there? Need for covercrops like white dutch clover? There is a whole forum about covercrops.
Nitrogenfixing berries like goumi might be interesting.
How about streams and sources? Well, greywater. Can you save a lot of roofwater in a pond high up close-ish to the house?
Is there a lot of wind and how to block it? Will nitrogenfixing trees like pseudoacacia/black locust for chop and drop be an option? They could function as a wind break and chop and drop material.
The soil is pretty good on our land. It's not a very good piece of land for any conventional form of farming. So it was left wild (post 19th century sheep boom) until the mid 90s. Then it became a hunting property and a couple of acres and some trails were put in and some selective cutting until the early 2000s. Consequently it has been just kind of mulching itself for a long time now. Doing cover crops anyway though. Since we won't be living there for a bit there is no need to harvest anything I put in. So I'm mostly planning to just broadcast a good mix of cover crops for spring and fall and chop and drop them until we do move. Thinking crimson clover (native), buckwheat, and some undetermined legume. I'm open to suggestions though.
There is definitely water though I have not found all the sources. Figuring that out and expanding on it is one of my very first big projects. I do have a plan involving a gravity fed water system but the house is downhill a bit so said rainwater collection will not actually be by the house.
Definitely going big on the berries and nuts. It should be a good spot for it. I'm not sure about black locust. I did want to get some hemlock going in the lower elevations. I reckon forest garden/orchard in the meadow. It gets enough light but that NE slope should help protect stuff from thawing too early. Hope so anyway.
Wind shouldn't be an issue. Most of the wind comes from the west and we have a big ridge that protects the meadow from said winds.
Is your forest a monoculture or natural?
It's as natural as any forest in New England is pretty much. A mid-late succession northern hardwoods. Beech/birch/maple (mostly sugar and red). Lots of yellow birch. Which I love so I'm all about it.
Sorry, you get more questions then answers from me.
Hugo Morvan wrote:Wow! Patrick! Sounds like a good plan to me, great potential! Keep us posted with updates!
I believe people, being people, will be more inclined to respond to specific questions.
Your project is covering many, many different topics which all have been more or less covered on Permies as a whole. Maybe chiming in at them. Revive old topics with new posts. I say this because i am afraid such a huge project might go unnoticed otherwise in the avalange of new posts Permies recieves on a daily basis.
I mean we're a helpfull friendly bunch and as eager to learn of you as you are to learn of previous experiences of others.
All sounds good. Regarding the landracing, since you're not living there, i would make a mechanic industrial fence discouraging most wildlife. And propagate in there and harvest seeds that have had their first hard lonely season. This way it ensures you won't be wasting years and have lots of seeds to STUN away with on less protected areas of the terrain maybe selecting for traits that repel wildlife. Then bring them back into the fence for superpropagation reasons. Later grow shrubs in front the ugly fence or get rid in total once it's all going. If you have enough seeds that would ensure your position in exchanging them with others in the same climate zones once you have tracked them down. Because that unstable climate freaking which many notice is going to make it more difficult then it already was, it might be necessary to team up with others. Whilst they have a supercold season and select those traits you might be having a super dry season and select for that. Later bringing these two kinds of landraces together might select for a plant able to better resist both extremes.
Hugo Morvan wrote:I have not been specific, i meant to have a mechanic fence around your seed propagation area, not around the whole of the place!
If that is not feasible monetary, maybe look into wildlife repelling shrubs. Maythorn,Crataegus monogyna or Sloethorn/blackthorn prunus spinosa are two prickly bushes that spring to mind, in europe we form hedges with those, might be similar where you are, or there might be another similarly functioning shrub. But to be honest i am always surprised how much more terrible things tend to be on the other side of the pond, so i might be completely off with my suggestion.
Andrea Locke wrote:Maybe a couple of strands of solar powered electric fence would be affordable? Especially if you could support it with existing trees or posts cut on the property?