I can't say I know of any resources that list general rooting patterns in the way you're looking for, but I know there are lists of urban trees that breaks down the likelyhood of infrastructure (sidewalks, foundations, etc.) damage. Let me know if you're interested and I'll see what I can drag up.
"Instead of Pay It Forward I prefer Plant It Forward" ~Howard Story / "God has cared for these trees, saved them from drought, disease, avalanches, and a thousand tempests and floods. But he cannot save them from fools." ~John Muir