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free roaming hens not laying

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I've got 14 free roaming hens who live in an old cattle truck with plenty of nest boxes and perches. i have one cockerel that looks after them all. Some of the girls are ex barn/battery most are re-homed from friends who've moved house. 3 are Marans I bought 4 months ago supposedly about a month off point of lay. They do roam free so I've searched and search the 1/4 acre of garden. Although they do also get out into the neighbouring field and road side. They are given mixed corn every morning (about a handful each thrown out into the grit so they have to scratch for it. They get kitchen scraps and poultry spice and all the egg shells crushed up and mixed in on as daily basis. i also boil up all veg scrapings for them . If i'm lucky i'm getting 1 egg a day and have been for months. one Maran lay one teeny weeny first egg. I've kept them in the cop - which is lit between 8am and 10pm for 48 hrs and had no eggs - so don't think they're laying at all. Any suggestions - friends with hens seen to be getting about 50% of hens laying daily at the moment[/size]
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hens in cattle truck coop
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Posts: 1518
Location: northern California
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Judging from what you're saying, I would try providing them with some more protein. This can be anything from soy or cottonseed meal to bugs and worms. You may be losing some laying due to daylength, and some due to age and background of the birds, but not all of it. They seem to be getting a varied diet, and I see green stuff in the photos (fresh greens are very important....and the first thing I ask about when thinking about unhappy chickens). But because it's winter, they might not be able to find enough bugs, etc. to maintain.....
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Location: Big Island, Hawaii (2300' elevation, 60" avg. annual rainfall, temp range 55-80 degrees F)
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Alder brings up all the main points. While "happy hens lay happy eggs", I find that feed, water, light, breed, and age are the main factors. Gee, even crammed together battery hens lay plenty of eggs.

Length of light.....most hens stop laying in the winter until the length of daylight increases. Commercially they control the amount of light so that hens stay at top production.
Age.....the older the hen, the less eggs they produce. After three laying seasons, you don't get many eggs from most hens.
Breed of the hen....some breeds are longer layers than others. And often mongrel hens are poor layers, in my experience.
Diet.....super important. Protein in, protein out. They can't produce eggs if they are deficient in their diet. Unless they have a large, well supplied area to forage in, you need to bring the food to them. And never let them run out of food. Letting the bowls go empty really cuts into egg production. And so does dramatically changing their diet, say going from a daily supply of meat and greens to a diet of pellets, or vice versa. They need more than just a spattering of this and that.
Water....they need a constant supply of water especially if fed dry feed. During the winter water can freeze, so that's a problem that needs to be addresses. Never let them run out of water because producing an egg uses up a lot of water.
Stress...things that upset them will stop egg production. I've had egg laying drop dramatically when a neighbor's dog began visiting the pen daily. A friend told me her egg production dropped dramatically when the land next to her got bulldozed for 7 days in a row.

All that being said, my own flock is at the ebb of production this time of year. Very short days here right now. What surprises me is that there are some who haven't quit yet. But most of the hens have molted by now so that after the first of the year I should start seeing the number of eggs gradually increase.
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Location: Eastern Kansas
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How long are your days? A fresh young pullet may lay eggs with less that 12 hours of daylight, but older birds rarely do!

My own laying flock quit laying about 1 month ago: I am hoping they will start laying again in early February. Some years I use electric lighting to give them more hours of light in the day but this year I did not with to bother! My daughter was the big egg eater of the family but she moved to Texas, and it is simpler to just buy an occasional dozen and wait for the birds to come back into lay.

Your birds are lovely, by the way!
Posts: 1113
Location: Mountains of Vermont, USDA Zone 3
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We find the tricks to getting eggs are: feed, light and low stress. For feed ours forage in the warm months and we feed them meat in the winter. 14 hours of light makes a huge difference. Doesn't have to be all that bright.
Posts: 121
Location: zone 6a, NY
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Different chickens have different times of starting to lay. Just give them a bit more protein, then placed a couple of golf balls or those fake eggs in the nest boxes. In fact, I didn't get my first egg until after I did so. Apparently they decided not to lay for lack of a good area lol. Besides, this is the season for moulting, they really don't lay well during that time.
Whatever you say buddy! And I believe this tiny ad too:
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