John Saltveit wrote:I would certainly consider nitrogen-fixing shrubs like legumes or Eleagnus.
Dave Lodge wrote:I like to use Canada Wild Rye, Virginia Wild Rye, Little Bluestem, Prairie Dropseed. 3-7' fibrous roots. Big Bluestem, Indian grass, Switchgrass too if you can do tall grasses. 6-12' deep.
Legumes roots are not usually fibrous, which makes them a good mix with grasses.
Ninebark. Very deep roots (15')
Lowbush Blueberry. Shallow, spreading fibrous roots
Huckleberry. Same as blueberry
Elderberry/Hazelnut good on the bottom edge.
Serviceberry (24" roots, spreading and fibrous)
John Saltveit wrote:Yes, John,
I would recommend the edible kinds of eleagnus. Stacking functions.
Maybe more than one depending on space and time of year of harvest.
Autumn Olive-Sept OCt, Goumi-June, Silverberry-Aprill May
wayne fajkus wrote:Maybe I miss understand. You want the water to soak in vs just moving downhill when it rains? Recharge the moisture in the ground.
Swales are good. I have 2. Creating small dams in the creek that will hold several inches of water then overflow to the next dam, etc. Similar to erosion control you see on the side of roads made from rocks.
I'm gonna try to load a pic of my swale. We got 1" rain yesterday and it filled up.
John Saltveit wrote:Stacking functions means that a plant of fungus or whatever you're doing does more than one useful thing for you. For example the plant lupine in nitrogen-fixing, it is a native plant here in PNW to increase local pollinators, it is a dynamic accumulator of Phosphorus, and some varieties have an edibles seed. Did I mention that it's pretty? Many functions.
wayne fajkus wrote:Mine are 90 degree from a dirt road going down hill. Think of my road as your dry creek bed as both are the path of running water. I'm not sure if it meets definition of a swale as most of the water gets diverted from the road. Diversion swale? One inch of rain will fill it.
It prevents washout from the road. Collects a large amount of water that has to soak in.
wayne fajkus wrote:Kempner area between Copperas cove and lampasas. You're welcome to come take a look. Nothing fancy or elaborate.
We chose sheep over goats for the meat. I have a goal not to buy any meat from the grocery store. Our diet is sheep, deer, chickens, fish. We are not fanatical bout it. We still eat out. At home though it's caught, killed, or raised.
On the sheep we are working on rotational grazing.
The two swales were put in for erosion Control, also grazing for horses. We limit them to a couple hours evening so they don't decimate that plot. On the swale I pictured there is peach, pear, and plums to use the water.
My bigger swale will get a couple pecan trees this winter. Both will have perennial grape, asparugus, and blackberries this winter.
Probably intermix mimosa trees. They are a nitrogen adder.