hans muster

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since Oct 20, 2015
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Recent posts by hans muster

regarding bedding: I use whatever non-toxic organic material I have access to for adults, for chicks I am a bit more careful that it does not cut them.

Regarding incubators: there was someone selling home-made, foldable incubators from Ukraine before the war. Now they only sell lamps and greenhouses, no incubators anymore. I haven't tried their system, but you could get it at 12, 24 or 250 V if I remember well, you could therefore hook it up to a battery for cases of downed electricity. Maybe you can contact them and ask for it? I think it was here: https://www.etsy.com/shop/BroodyStore/sold?ref=pagination&page=1
I built a home made incubator once, which had a higher hatching rate than the expensive commercial one. The disadvantage was that I had to turn the eggs by hand.

An alternative to an incubator is to get a few chickens well known for going broody, like Wyandottes for example.

All the best
2 days ago
First, the chickens have needs for privacy, quiet, and a bit dark for nest boxes. If your designed nest boxes appear less comfortable than the inaccessible corner of the coop, they will lay there.

Then, one trick is to put plaster eggs in your nest box. Chickens like to lay where there are already eggs.  

If you post a picture or two it would help?
2 weeks ago
It stays viable for about 2 to 3 weeks. If you intend to let them brood within the next 3 weeks, you will have crossbred chickens.
2 weeks ago
Here some seed borne viruses are described, and the legal implications in the USA

I think that the benefits of the endophytes has to be balanced with the costs of importing new diseases .

These costs and benefits are not only individual, but also for the whole society: If, for example, someone imports (illegally and without checking for diseases) American hazelnuts with Easter Filbert Blight into Turkey (the world leader in production), this person will be responsible for the financial ruin of thousands of small-scale farmers along with century-old sustainable agroforestry practices.

This is the same as what happened with the import in the US of the chestnut blight, which destroyed whole ecosystems and reduced a sustainable food production to basically zero.

(edited for clarity)
2 weeks ago
Are there holly oaks (Quercus ilex) growing nearby?

Some varieties of holly oaks have sweet acorns which can be eaten like chestnuts. Otherwise, livestock loves to eat the acorns and leaves.
2 weeks ago
They write this:

 We focus primarily on breeding Navajo Angora Goats for our own personal use, in fiber, dairy, and meat.  

(emphasis mine)
2 weeks ago
Hi Ann,

first, disclaimer, I have not worked with Navajo Angora goats.
But while researching about them, these here state that they milk theirs http://www.dotranchchurros.com/nag.html

If you can go and have taste of the milk there it would be great to check for yourself if you like the taste of the milk, as this is very individual. Furthermore, the taste has also to do with the management.

If you can help this endangered breed while fitting your needs, it would be great!

How big of a herd do you want to have?
2 weeks ago
Given the high environmental impact of concrete, how is this bunker built for sustainability?
2 weeks ago
Badgersett and forestag are breeding so called "neohybrid hazelnuts", a cross between 3 hazelnut species selected over several generations. For good reasons, namely the eastern filbert blight, international shipping of these seeds is not done without a lengthy quarantine and testing. Does anyone know if the neohybrid hazelnuts have been imported to Europe already?

2 weeks ago

the term you are looking for is "seed borne diseases". Here an example of diseases transmitted by cereal seeds, (they discuss pesticides, the point I am trying to make is the diseases, not the treatments) https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/seed-borne-diseases

Diseases can be transmitted in different ways through seeds: either the disease in ON the seed, or it is IN the seed. Some treatments can kill some diseases, mainly bacterial diseases which are on the seeds. Several organic treatments are discussed here:

So to reply to your question: it depends. In some cases, like with potatoes, if you introduce a new strain of Phytophtora outside its native range, it can have a huge impact on the livelihood of many people. In other cases, for example if you transport seeds across neighbouring countries which anyway exchange agricultural products and have other biological exchange, it may have no impact. Crossing natural barriers like oceans or mountains increase the risk.

Researching "quarantine organism" together with your crop name might help find some pathogens.
3 weeks ago