Win a copy of Permaculture Design Companion this week in the Permaculture Design forum!
  • Post Reply Bookmark Topic Watch Topic
  • New Topic
permaculture forums growies critters building homesteading energy monies kitchen purity ungarbage community wilderness fiber arts art permaculture artisans regional education experiences global resources the cider press projects digital market permies.com private forums all forums
this forum made possible by our volunteer staff, including ...
master stewards:
  • Nicole Alderman
  • r ranson
  • Anne Miller
  • paul wheaton
stewards:
  • Jocelyn Campbell
  • Mike Jay Haasl
  • Burra Maluca
garden masters:
  • James Freyr
  • Joylynn Hardesty
  • Steve Thorn
  • Greg Martin
gardeners:
  • Carla Burke
  • Dave Burton
  • Pearl Sutton

Mealworm Pupation Problem

 
Posts: 1
  • Mark post as helpful
  • send pies
  • Quote
  • Report post to moderator
I have had very little success with my 2nd generation of mealworms for a couple months now since autumn. Almost all of the pupae have failed to pupate, most of which turn a hue of brownish orange and slowly die and turn dark brown or black and brittle. I have had only two successful beetles from probably hundreds of mealworms. I suspect this to be related to conditions, like room temp. Or humidity because it would correlate to the seasonal change. I know it can’t be the substrate or light because I have had a few separate batches in different grains and locations. Recently as spring has come, some of the pupae are Almost getting there, but they are trapped in their shell and if they do turn into beetles they become mutated and very limp, discolored, and their abdomen looks very empty. I have looked across the internet for info on this but could not find any conclusive or even usable information. I will note I have obtained these worms from my local pet store, but the first generation which was in August 2018 all became beetles with a few mutated individuals once and awhile but it is negligible and they were indeed from the store. This generation that is failing isn’t all just the 2nd generation after the successful beetle batch and their offspring, because I did get another batch and also another types of mealworm (potato beetle and buffalo beetle) the former having lackluster success but still having those problems and the latter doing just fine and flourishing in the same substrates with the same food (generally, I sometimes do feed them potatoes, the buffalo beetles getting carrot more frequently). I replace the worms’ food (potatoes, and carrots for small cultures) every other day. I don’t know if potatoes could be a culprit because i have been feeding them the same stuff since August. I at some point introduced styrofoam into their diets but I don’t think i did so before they had the issues. The buffalo beetles are not consumers of styrofoam but are doing fine, but I doubt that’d be the problem. I contain my mealworms in plastic sterilite bins in a cabinet and the smaller ones on top near a window, and I used oats at first but then now contain them in wheat bran and feed them potatoes every other day removing the old slices. I highly doubt the wheat bran would be the problem, but I could test a small culture in just oats to test. If anyone can help me understand what’s going on it would really be nice because mealworms are indeed a livestock for me as a hobby and potentially for money and/or human consumption and I like how they are much simpler easier to raise compared to the crickets which always died off with disease for me. I include images of the pupae and a temperature gauge below.
8492A4AB-0B02-4CE5-A176-EA27E6E70F98.jpeg
[Thumbnail for 8492A4AB-0B02-4CE5-A176-EA27E6E70F98.jpeg]
A367BFA6-FFE2-43E6-A41B-A21C67D3F277.jpeg
[Thumbnail for A367BFA6-FFE2-43E6-A41B-A21C67D3F277.jpeg]
9E7D7BBC-0928-40A5-9926-371FF8909E08.jpeg
[Thumbnail for 9E7D7BBC-0928-40A5-9926-371FF8909E08.jpeg]
2A299608-DC29-4A0C-B8C7-7651472A78B9.jpeg
[Thumbnail for 2A299608-DC29-4A0C-B8C7-7651472A78B9.jpeg]
A48716F5-56D8-4D93-BC45-03CF70A572A2.jpeg
[Thumbnail for A48716F5-56D8-4D93-BC45-03CF70A572A2.jpeg]
 
gardener
Posts: 6274
Location: Vilonia, Arkansas - Zone 7B/8A stoney, sandy loam soil pH 6.5
1028
hugelkultur dog forest garden duck fish fungi hunting books chicken writing homestead
  • Mark post as helpful
  • send pies
  • Quote
  • Report post to moderator
Meal worms will not pupate when in groups, they tend to keep in the larval stage and then die off as they age too long in larval stage.
Temp looks pretty good as does humidity, so I'm thinking they weren't separated so they would pupate.

It's a rather strange ecology for a larval organism but in laboratories, where they are used for class work, the larvae are kept together no more than 1 month then they are separated into small groups in large containers so they will pupate.

Redhawk
 
pollinator
Posts: 344
39
  • Mark post as helpful
  • send pies
  • Quote
  • Report post to moderator

Bryant RedHawk wrote:Meal worms will not pupate when in groups, they tend to keep in the larval stage and then die off as they age too long in larval stage.
Temp looks pretty good as does humidity, so I'm thinking they weren't separated so they would pupate.

It's a rather strange ecology for a larval organism but in laboratories, where they are used for class work, the larvae are kept together no more than 1 month then they are separated into small groups in large containers so they will pupate.

Redhawk



I thought that applied just to superworm species, not the regular meal worm.
 
Posts: 37
2
goat cat duck
  • Mark post as helpful
  • send pies
  • Quote
  • Report post to moderator

Bryant RedHawk wrote:Meal worms will not pupate when in groups, they tend to keep in the larval stage and then die off as they age too long in larval stage.
Temp looks pretty good as does humidity, so I'm thinking they weren't separated so they would pupate.

It's a rather strange ecology for a larval organism but in laboratories, where they are used for class work, the larvae are kept together no more than 1 month then they are separated into small groups in large containers so they will pupate.

Redhawk



In his case they are pupating, I have also seen plenty of mealworms pupate in groups of 1K or more. I think its about relative density, in order to completely halt their cycle you need them literally an inch deep in all areas.

But anyways its hard for us to know why they are dying without knowing your specific care routine and food.

You say:
I know it can’t be the substrate or light because I have had a few separate batches in different grains and locations.

But it is very likely their food source more than temp or humidity. What is their source of water - just potato and carrot? That could be fine but it would depend on the grains in there with them.
 
pioneer
Posts: 1158
Location: 4b
204
dog forest garden trees bee building
  • Mark post as helpful
  • send pies
  • Quote
  • Report post to moderator
I never separate my meal worms unless it is to spilt a bin to make another one, and then I just take half the contents out and move it to a new bin. Then I add food to make up the difference in both.

I suspect diet is to blame. I feed high quality dog food, 2 parts, to chicken layer food, 1 part, and alfalfa pellets, 1 part.  I water with water polymer crystals, and very occasionally add a little bit of vegetable or fruit matter.  I keep mine at room temperature, but if I want them to breed as fast as possible, I keep them a little warmer, say 80 degrees.
 
girl power ... turns out to be about a hundred watts. But they seriously don't like being connected to the grid. Tiny ad:
September-October Homestead Skills Jamboree 2019
https://permies.com/wiki/118704/permaculture-projects/September-October-Homestead-Skills-Jamboree
  • Post Reply Bookmark Topic Watch Topic
  • New Topic
Boost this thread!