A gabion (from Italian gabbione meaning "big cage"; from Italian gabbia and Latin cavea meaning "cage") is a cage, cylinder, or box filled with rocks, concrete, or sometimes sand and soil for use in civil engineering, road building, and military applications.
The most common civil engineering use of gabions was refined and patented by Gaetano Maccaferri in the late 1800s in Sacerno, Emilia Romagna and used to stabilize shorelines, streambanks or slopes against erosion. Other uses include retaining walls, temporary floodwalls, silt filtration from runoff, for small or temporary/permanent dams, river training, or channel lining. They may be used to direct the force of a flow of flood water around a vulnerable structure. Gabions are also used as fish screens on small streams. Gabion stepped weirs are commonly used for river training and flood control; the stepped design enhances the rate of energy dissipation in the channel, and it is particularly well-suited to the construction of gabion stepped weirs.
A gabion wall is a retaining wall made of stacked stone-filled gabions tied together with wire. Gabion walls are usually battered (angled back towards the slope), or stepped back with the slope, rather than stacked vertically.
Gabions have also been used in building, as in the Dominus Winery in Napa Valley, California by architects Herzog & de Meuron, constructed between 1995 and 1997. The exterior is formed by modular wire mesh gabions containing locally quarried stone; this construction allows air movement through the building and creates an environment of moderate temperatures inside.
allen lumley wrote:Jared Mevissen : Not to be bossy but - I Did a Search within Permies.com for gabions and had 614 hits in 0.51 seconds !
The Search feature is located on the left hand side of the Permies Toolbox at the top of the page, thois is a membership perk ! and allows you to search
the 10s of thousands of Forum Threads for previous comments on a given subject 1 Good Luck and good hunting ! For the Good of the Craft! Big AL
Jared Mevissen wrote:Just been watching some war documentaries lately and keep seeing those boxes with the fence reinforcement on the sides that they fill with dirt to create perimiter/base walls with. Seems like filing up 1 box with dirt is a lot less work than filling up hundreds of sandbags or earthbags for that matter. No idea what there called or how much they would cost thought, I figure for the metal reinforcement they must cost at least 5 bucks a piece but I have no idea. Seems like it would be a quick way to build some structures, if you have the materials to fill them with.
Alan Loy wrote:here's a link to buildings made with Hesco barriers https://www.hesco.com/products/protective-structures/hab/
I wonder how long they would last?