Adrien Lapointe wrote:
My friend Adrien Quenneville wrote an article on how a problem that seemed to warrant government intervention could have been turned into a business opportunity.
Here is the article he posted on my website.
Bryant RedHawk wrote:Succession will occur on land laid bare by human disruption, it just takes a long period of time.
Tree planting is something that should go on from the start, it takes trees years to grow.
No they don't (contrary to popular belief) need to be grafted. Grafted trees are done for particular reasons, such as disease resistance improvement, insect resistance, dwarfing, etc.
I have apple trees that are growing on their own roots, pears and plums too, all are doing just fine.
If you plant your trees then you have choices for the rest. You could plant grass seed to cover the ground, or leave it to nature to do that and on and on.
In permaculture we want to use disruption in a specific way so we can direct what nature does naturally.
If you plant one or two expensive, older trees, you will get fruit faster but if you planted 100-1000 seedlings, you would have so much more once they went through stem exclusion (thinning) and you would have plenty of fruit to harvest.
If you plant trees In-mass then add in vegetables around those trees then you have multiple things going on, if you also added in berry bushes you have added another level.
The great thing is that as long as you start with what takes the longest to develop, you have time to think through all the rest.
If you want animals then you will need grasses for them to graze, between those trees that went in first, after the animals have been run through, you now have soil mixing and fertilizer so you can plant more stuff and have benefits far above the standard "farm".
It all depends on what you want to do and how you approach those end goals. Nut trees, fruit trees, lumber trees, makes no difference really.
David Livingston wrote:Cecile
Grafted trees don't have to cost a lots because you can graft them yourself
Even I can do it it's not rocket science I have paid about 15$ for a tool and about 10$ for wax and so far made about 20 grafts I won't need to buy another tool . I am sure you can work out the per plant costs
I am sure you can do it to if you wish to
Casie Becker wrote:Are the wormy hazelnuts gathered after falling from the tree or picked directly from the plant?
Oaks drop their wormy acorns first and at least some of the native tribes would burn the ground under the oaks between the early dropping of diseased acorns and the ripe ones falling. This both reduced the total amount of pests in the future and insured the acorns they gathered afterwards were mostly pest free.
I think Carol Depp (in The Resilient Gardener) speaks of a similar problem where all the walnuts in a city she lived in were considered too wormy to be worth harvesting. An older woman in the community taught her the secret was to sweep up all the nuts laying on the ground and then promptly gather all the new nuts as they fell. The worms were waiting on the ground to climb into fallen nuts and the key was to beat them to the harvest.
We walk the ground several times a day during pecan season. We're doing it because of squirrel pressure, but though we sometimes find a worm in the husk of the pecan we've been getting the nuts before the worms penetrate to the nut itself. Oh, and after we started gathering the nuts, we've had far fewer squirrels in our yard. Used to be we couldn't walk outside without seeing a couple. Now, we might see a couple in a months time. Two pests reduced with one activity.