is your climate such that you could plant them out side? that could be a good idea
Planting the spuds is a fine option, but its getting late into the year. They may well hold on until next spring for planting.
I have composted potato plants many times with no ill effects. 60 pounds of potatoes in a 5000 pound heap is insignificant.
Interestingly, and completely counter to the 'green=toxic' thing, I heard a biologist/permaculturist/forager talk the other day and she said the toxicity thing's a myth. I haven't found any evidence to support her assertion though, and green potatoes taste bad anyway.
Potatoes contain toxic compounds known as glycoalkaloids, of which the most prevalent are solanine and chaconine. Solanine is also found in other plants in the family Solanaceae, which includes such plants as the deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna), henbane (Hyoscyamus niger) and tobacco (Nicotiana) as well as the potato, eggplant, and tomato. This toxin affects the nervous system, causing weakness and confusion.
These compounds, which protect the plant from its predators, are, in general, concentrated in its leaves, stems, sprouts, and fruits. Exposure to light, physical damage, and age increase glycoalkaloid content within the tuber; the highest concentrations occur just underneath the skin. Cooking at high temperatures (over 170 °C or 340 °F) partly destroys these. The concentration of glycoalkaloid in wild potatoes suffices to produce toxic effects in humans. Glycoalkaloids may cause headaches, diarrhea, cramps, and in severe cases coma and death; however, poisoning from potatoes occurs very rarely. Light exposure causes greening from chlorophyll synthesis, thus giving a visual clue as to areas of the tuber that may have become more toxic; however, this does not provide a definitive guide, as greening and glycoalkaloid accumulation can occur independently of each other. Some varieties of potato contain greater glycoalkaloid concentrations than others; breeders developing new varieties test for this, and sometimes have to discard an otherwise promising cultivar.
Breeders try to keep solanine levels below 200 mg/kg (200 ppmw). However, when these commercial varieties turn green, even they can approach concentrations of solanine of 1000 mg/kg (1000 ppmw). In normal potatoes, analysis has shown solanine levels may be as little as 3.5% of the breeders' maximum, with 7–187 mg/kg being found.
The U.S. National Toxicology Program suggests that the average American consume at most 12.5 mg/day of solanine from potatoes (the toxic dose is actually several times this, depending on body weight). Douglas L. Holt, the State Extension Specialist for Food Safety at the University of Missouri, notes that no reported cases of potato-source solanine poisoning have occurred in the U.S. in the last 50 years, and most cases involved eating green potatoes or drinking potato-leaf tea
from the Wikipedia article on Solanine:
Solanine poisoning is primarily displayed by gastrointestinal and neurological disorders. Symptoms include nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach cramps, burning of the throat, cardiac dysrhythmia, headache and dizziness. In more severe cases death, hallucinations, loss of sensation, paralysis, fever, jaundice, dilated pupils and hypothermia have been reported.
In large quantities, solanine poisoning can cause death. One study suggests that doses of 2 to 5 mg per kilogram of body weight can cause toxic symptoms, and doses of 3 to 6 mg per kilogram of body weight can be fatal.
Symptoms usually occur 8 to 12 hours after ingestion, but may occur as rapidly as 30 minutes after eating high-solanine foods.
The lowest dose to cause symptoms of nausea is about 25 mg solanine for adults, a life-threatening dose for a regular-weight adult ranges about 400 mg solanine
Using the figures here, a small person would have to eat a couple pounds of really green potatoes to achieve toxic levels.
If you choose to consume green potatoes, peel them deep, boil them hard, don't stuff your face. I would say the green peelings would be better composted rather than fed to the hens. If you are in despair for food, you can get away with eating these potatoes in moderation. If you can get by without eating them, they sure would make fine seed.
Kris Minto wrote:Does anyone know if solanine only occurs in organically grow potato?
Both organic and regular potatoes have the same amount.
The level does increase when the potatoes skin is exposed to sunlight and they go from brown to green.
So dont eat potatoes once they are exposed to sunlight and they turn green,instead plant them.
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