The title about says it. I have become increasingly obsessed with seedlings and am hoping to expand my stock of blueberries, rasperries, blackberries, strawberries and any other tasty berries I might encounter but I realized that I have never encountered a berry seed that I planted. Do any of you have experience/advice on collecting these seeds off the plants are turning them into new plants? Thanks
I think those varieties might be difficult because my impression is that their genetics will mutate pretty quickly towards the wild form. You could always try it and graft onto any that you don't like, though.
My impression (thought I want to know more) is that aronia, serviceberry, and autumn olive grow well from seed and are fairly true to variety, they just take longer. Wild autumn olives get unpalatable after many generations because of how many mutations they go through, but my impression is that growing seed from a named variety is fine.
Goumi berries are supposedly not the best to grow from seed, as they apparently take a very long time to bear, are very thorny, and tend to be small.
I'd like to learn about propagating silverberry from seed, as it's a valuable plant for fall pollinators here and is so versatile
When you reach your lowest point, you are open to the greatest change.
Every species may have different requirements for chill hours or various other aspects of seed stratification. So it's best to research each berry varietie individually for necessary steps in stratification then germination. A simple online search from the search engine of your choice should reveal good results with 15 minutes of studying each species you're interested in. You'll just want to make sure you're collecting seeds from good heirloom varieties known to be true to type or if there will be cross polination from multiple varieties, understand it may decrease the chances of getting similarly producing stock.
The types of genetics you're dealing with in many if not most types of bushes require a polinator and if I'm not mistaken they are diploid, and not self fertile, like most blueberries for example. This means each seed will create its own unique variety which may or may not have desirable characteristics. Think of it like playing the lottery. If you have the time and space to grow a thousand bushes, and access to desirable parent stock for berry picking. After many years of growing your seedlings, you may have the next big hit for optimal berry production of precocious and fruit heavy, tasty large berries.
My personal recommendation is getting starts. Most raspberry owners have a runaway issue, so digging early spring side shoots escaping the area is often just annual maintenence in yard settings. Runners from strawberries can be an issue escaping beds, and even just one runner in early spring, can have numerous new plants started by runners before fall, depending on how vigorous the variety is. Then for other bushes like blueberries, taking cuttings will get you a tried and true variety.
I've seen some success with starting from seed with some varieties, and wild or invasive blackberries seem true to seed. So may some raspberries, but many species just don't do as well regarding producing consistently productive offspring. Which is why cloning, grafting and rooting are such widespread and commonly used practices in horticulture. When you look at those who are set up to have success finding productive varieties from seed in diploid seed propagation, they often are growing a thousand seeds to size, to begin decent fruit production, then after proper evaluation sometimes only have a few worthy varieties worth naming for use.
Hope that helps!
Tell me how it all turns out. Here is a tiny ad:
permaculture bootcamp - learn permaculture through a little hard work