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Reinforced Cob Walls

 
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I know this may be a crazy question or idea in general. Plus it would be really expensive but I'm asking our of 1 curiosity and 2 for my lovely wife who has anxiety.

So here goes

We are still in the planning phases of how we would like to build our cob house. We have both agreed we would like to have the house to be somewhat of a fortress.

In doing so we have decided that bullet proof windows, heavy iron doors, and much more would be preferable.

But what we were wondering is it plausible (excusing cost) to put 3/4 inch steel into the core of a cob building and place the cob around it.

Yes we are aware that this would take away from the breathability of the cob but it something we are just curious about. Also any really strong alternative ideas would be great as well.


Also let me clarify why we are asking.

As stated my wife has anxiety and it is especially bad at night.

She is terrified of what happens if:
•We get shot at (the house we are in has been randomly shot at many times even though we are openly visible)
•someone tries to break in
•someone sets off a bomb/grenade (this is where the question comes from)
•a fire happens
•tornadoes (this is a big one we haven't gotten to planning yet)
•and sooooooo many more.


Anyway, thanks in advance for all the answers to come, and please have fun with your answers.
 
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Richard, apart from suggesting to relocate out of a war zone…

Rammed earth should work, the question is just how thick.
Everything else depends on how much space you have…
· a high wall around the house would stop bullets before they get to the window and also stop a fire,
· going underground would make it tornado and fire proof.
 
pollinator
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Location: Massachusetts, Zone:6/7, AHS:4, Rainfall:48in even Soil:SandyLoam pH6 Flat
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After being randomly shot at multiple times, I would have anxiety just like your wife. I sympathize with her.

Concrete/Cement Roof help with tornado/bullet/bomb.
Bermed with soil on 3 sides also help.

You could really just live underground in a 1500sqft house and have a little 400sqft shack on top that leads to the underground/real/basement house.
 
pollinator
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That would be interesting. I would make sure that you have enough insulation on the outside of your thermal mass to prevent cooling and condensation issues.

I don't think that a steel core is necessary. I have heard, especially for earthquake-prone areas, that layering the packed stabilised earth mass, in the case of rammed earth, in lateral layers with reinforcing tie-in layering (I think landscape fabric is used, conventionally) is preferable, but those measures would easily handle conventional munitions.

I would consider perhaps an in-ground, ground-coupled dwelling, with exaggerated berms on all sides up to a reinforced green roof that, from a distance, might obscure the presence of a house entirely, and functionally would put two to three feet of soil between the house walls and the exterior.

Also, depending on what form your build takes, you could construct your building with an interior garden courtyard, with a reinforced outer wall and windows more functional as ventilation and shooting than access and view. If that were combined with bermed outer walls, your building, save for outward-facing slits and doors, would appear as a rise in the landscape, nothing more, and could easily be obscured from overhead by a low-branching thick tree canopy.

Cob in this context is more a plaster finish than it is a construction material.

I hope the advice you find here is helpful to you. Please keep us posted, and good luck.

-CK
 
pollinator
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Here are some ideas I've been contemplating and information sources I've been learning from.  

While researching ancient buildings that endured various natural disasters for many centuries and remain intact, what appeals to me most so far are thick adobe, stone, or cob walls (suitability depends on area and intended use) with basalt reinforcements to create stabilized earthen walls.  Thick walls of course will require much more intensive labor and time, but I feel the end result will be worthwhile.  

Most of my ideas have no less than 3' thick walls, and I am inclined toward domes (360 degree arch support) with 5' thick walls at the foundation that decrease to about 3' at the roof - all of which will be reinforced with stabilized earth using basalt fabric about every foot from within the foundation to the top.  The idea is if a freak gust of wind drops a large tree on the top, little to nothing happens.  As ideas firm up, I'll be asking for help to determine an optimal distance between layers of basalt fabric in layers of cob (my choice so far).  

I feel high, narrow, dormer-type windows are important and I've chosen hurricane glass.  The walls will be thick enough that the dormers can be inset to prevent wind, rain, and snow from reaching the glass.  And the outer area around the dormer windows will be shaped to direct rain and snow most appropriately.

To disturb the ground as little as possible, I am thinking of building a small shelter in ground, then building the rest of the home upward and surrounded by terracing and hugelkulturs as protection from wind, to both draw moisture away from the home while utilizing snow and rain for the food forest planned on and around the hugelkulturs, and for privacy.  (The earthworks come first and the land determines those, however I need to have an idea of what the home is about to plan around it.)  (Also planning a large-ish pond as water source, a way to bring water into the home what is not easily detectable from outside, and perhaps a separate small, sealed saltwater pond to create electricity without being on a short leash with solar.)

So far I am avoiding certain cements because breathability is a must to remain healthy and not create a sick building.  I am still studying breathable plasters and ways to protect a roof and walls from moisture.

While I don't perceive myself to be a prepper, I do have immense respect for the elements and nature's curveballs.  I also figure staying safe requires choosing an area in which the worst of human nature is most likely avoidable.  That said, to satisfy curiosity about weathering stray bullets from hunters, I found some youtube videos that demonstrated what kind of bullets go how deep in various materials and wall thickness.  I would post those links, but considerations most likely vary with individual concerns.

There are numerous other considerations, but this post is most focused on feeling safe and avoiding natural and human-related catastrophes.

Here's are some information sources I've researched specific to basalt rebar / rope / mesh / fabric.  A few months ago the pricing seemed reasonable, while stronger and less expensive than steel, more environmentally friendly, and does not attract condensation as metal does because basalt is glass.  Here are some links and permies posts that helped me begin exploring options.  

https://www.forconstructionpros.com/concrete/equipment-products/article/12184173/basalt-fiber-reinforced-rebar

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N18HcPfKv1E

https://basalt-rebar.com/

https://basalt-mesh.com/

http://compositegroupworld.com/produktsiya/bazaltoplastikovaya-armatura.html

https://permies.com/t/56449/Banding-Strapping-Bond-Beam#473854

https://permies.com/t/48696/Building-interior-cob-wall-concrete#390625

https://permies.com/t/119954/Building-Tornado-Resistant-House
 
Richard Force
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Catherine Windrose wrote:  (Also planning a large-ish pond as water source, a way to bring water into the home what is not easily detectable from outside, and perhaps a separate small, sealed saltwater pond to create electricity without being on a short leash with solar.)



I've never heard of doing something like this for electric before and it now has me highly interested.
 
pollinator
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Yikes, I'd be scared too! Where in the world do you live?

Have you considered earth bag? It's developed from how military temporary fortifications are typically constructed (sand bags) + steel reinforcements, and then plastered on the top. You'd get the "look" of cob, with more strength and some peace of mind.
 
When I was younger I felt like a man trapped inside a woman's body. Then I was born. My twin is a tiny ad:
Gracie's backyard - a film about permaculture farming in the far north with Richard Perkins (stream)
https://permies.com/wiki/133872/videos/Gracie-backyard-film-permaculture-farming
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