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Is there such a thing as oceanic permaculture?

 
pollinator
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I really didn't know where to post this, if anyone has a better idea, please feel free to move this or cross-reference it.

I read this article a moment ago:

http://gizmodo.com/a-vast-underwater-forest-is-roasting-to-death-1783336705

And I had the thought, I wonder if there are any underwater permaculture projects.  After a few searches on the forums, I couldn't find anything, and I wonder if it even exists.

If so, what does it look like?  How could permaculture be used to solve this problem, which seems to be caused or exacerbated by seawater temperature?  

It seems like there are a lot of oceanic problems that affect us above the water as well, do we have solutions?
 
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A man made reef could be considered a food forest. Plenty of those around.


I went on a scuba trip in the bahamas. The leader had planted/established a coral garden that in time will be a coral reef.
 
steward
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it sounds like Willie Smits is working on restoring coral reefs in Indonesia!



I found Willie Smit's webpage about the project, too:  Temboan Beach Restoration Project
 
pollinator
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On land we have :
monoculture plant systems, feedlot poultry/cattle and fish farms.
We also have wild hunting/fishing/foraging.
And we have more restorative big acre permaculture projects


In the ocean/sea:
We don't seems to eat too many sea vegetables, and no sea fruit/nut that I can think of.  So very few vegetable mono culture, but there are some.

We do have quite a oyster on a rope farms and marine net pens, but I wouldn't call that monoculture its similar to a free-range pasture, but not quite wild or rangeland.

If we think of permaculture as focusing on the soil and support species, then for the ocean it might mean focusing on coral reefs and kelp forest and estuaries.  There are quite a few estuary cleanups.


 
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The big black blook has a few words on salt water environments in the aquaculture chapter, but it really is not munch.
 
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if you search for oysters and pollution remediation, there are some interesting studies in Chesapeake Bay, South Africa, and more recently I think I saw something in the NY area.

I also want to say that human intervention brought back kelp ecosystems in California, and with it the animals that live in these systems, but I am short on details.
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