• 60-65% of the area — “Carbon-and-Calorie Crops” — High-Carbon-producing and
significant-calorie-producing (weight-efficient [see below]) crops
Grains: Wheat, Cereal Rye, Oats, Barley, Triticale, Corn, Sorghum, Amaranth, Quinoa, etc.
Fava Beans (grown to maturity for dry bean and dry biomass production)
Sunflowers (sunflower seeds very high in fat; maximum to avoid copper toxicity = 0.62 lb / day)
• 30% of the area — “High-Calorie Root Crops” — Area- and weight-efficient crops for calories
Crops for this category need to be both area- and weight-efficient. As defined for this worksheet, a crop is considered to be “area-efficient” if the annual area needed for total calories is 16 beds (1600 sq ft) or less, assuming GROW BIOINTENSIVE intermediate yields; it is considered to be “weight-
efficient” if the daily weight of food to be eaten for total calories is 9 pounds or less.1
Potatoes (12.2/6.7) Maximum to avoid potassium toxicity = 2.5 lb /day
Jerusalem Artichoke (12.3 / 7.0)**
Garlic (10.8 / 3.6)**
Leeks (6.6 / 8.7)
Parsnips (10.8 / 7.1)
Sweet Potatoes (11.2 / 5.0)
Salsify (11.8 / 6.5)
AREA in 100-sq-ft beds / WEIGHT in lb: e.g., it takes 12.2 beds of potatoes to produce the 2,400 calories per day needed by an average person—who would have to eat 6.7 lb of potatoes per day.
** Jerusalem artichoke and some varieties of hard-neck garlic may produce significant amounts of dry biomass.
The crops below are weight-efficient, but require more area to grow and produce relatively little biomass. Therefore, they should be included in the 10% “Vegetable Crops” category.
Peanuts (34.1 / 0.9) Very high in fat
Soybeans (58.0 / 3.
Beans (except Fava Beans) (56.8 / 4.7) Burdock (17.8 / 7.3) (assuming Carrot yield)
Cassava (20.1 / 3.3) May produce modest amount of carbon
The following crops can be area-efficient if yields are high enough, but the daily weight of food exceeds the guidelines, so they should be included in the 10% “Vegetable Crops” category.
Onions, Regular (12.7 / 14.0) | Turnips + Tops (8.8 / 19.4)
(assuming 2 crops are possible OR yield is two times intermediate)
Rutabaga (13.4 / 14.7)
NOTE: For diet diversity, you may choose crops that are less weight-efficient (e.g. regular onions, 14.0 lb per day); in which case, you need to have a significant amount of food from crops that are more weight-efficient (e.g. filberts (0.8 lb per day) and/or increase your design area.
ROOT CROPS THAT ARE NOT GOOD CHOICES FOR THIS CATEGORY:
Carrots (30.0 / 12.3) Beets / Mangels (roots only) (40.8 / 12.3) Radishes (48.1 / 26.4)
• 5-10% of the area — “Vegetable Crops”
Low-calorie-producing, low-carbon-producing miscellaneous vegetables
for vitamins and minerals
[size=8pt]1 In the book One Circle by Duhon, an “area-efficient” crop can provide total calories with 700 sq ft or less (550 sq ft for a woman, 850 sq ft for a man), and a “weight-efficient” crop can provide total calories in 6 pounds or less for a man or 5.5 pounds or less for a woman.
60/30/10 Clar. Revised 2/15/06, based on updated nutrition information in the 7th ed. of How to Grow More Vegetables.
© 2006, 2005, 2003, 2001, 1999, 1997 Ecology Action, 5798 Ridgewood Road, Willits CA 95490-9730.[/size]
Wheat is one of the most vigorous plants that exist. Its index of competivity outdoing that of the grasses and crucifer above all if it is sown early. It has therefore no worse enemy than itself. Its association with spreading clover makes for an optimum occupation of the soil. It leaves no opportunity for other species to be a nuisance, which does not preclude a discrete, even useful or aesthetic, presence such as cornflowers.
basjoos wrote:Unlike the more domesticated squash cultivars that only set a handful of fruit, it has an open ended growth habit and in the frost free parts of Florida, it can grow on for years, cover acres of land, and produce many hundreds of fruit.
Im finding food a problematic issue on my Permaculture journey. Does anyone have any top tips on how to build a sustainable and nutritional diet? I want to eat locally and grow most of my own food, but there are lots of conflicting issues, for example: Most vegan diets use large amounts of grains. However many grains are not sustainable, requiring annual plowing of the earth, and significant fossel fuel inputs. So what do you use for staples?
How do you get your protien, carbs, vitamins and minerals from produce sympathetic to the permaculture ethos, thoughout the year? Food forests are a great idea, but what do you do for food while you are waiting for them to mature?
Thanks in advance. Kind regards, Pete.
I keep reading conflicting info on soybeans. The negative is that it is said to store high levels of alumiium which causes Alzeheimers. Also very high in estrogens. I am using soy powder at the moment for milk substitute and have been considering that this might not be so wise.
I am ordering my soybeans now from Amazon but they should be quite easy to grow: the black ones and the white ones. Amazon has a soymilk maker so you can make your own tofu with the beans. I hope to try some home made black soybean tofu this year.
wombat wrote:I am ordering my soybeans now from Amazon but they should be quite easy to grow: the black ones and the white ones. Amazon has a soymilk maker so you can make your own tofu with the beans. I hope to try some home made black soybean tofu this year.
Mt.goat wrote:.......I believe grains really only pan out when done large scale,hence the civilization connection.
...."One hundred square feet of wheat planted on reasonably good garden soil should yield a harvest of at least 5 pounds of dry grain......
With a little extra care and attention, that same space can yield even more. John Leavons (How to grow more vegetables) reports wheat yields of 17 pounds per hundred-square-foor bed and projects yields of 30 pounds per 4-by-25-foot bed under ideaal conditions........
Those 17 pounds of wheat will give you flour for 29 pounds of bread. Even a modest harvest of 5 pounds will provide 8 pounds of bread....A 5-x-5 food patch, intensively managed, could give you the saame 5 pounds that you might harvest from as much space...."
bunkie weir wrote:
as far as having enough space to grow grains...
Kathleen Sanderson wrote:the farther north you go, the harder it would be to have a vegan diet that was all locally grown.
personaly I find wild animals to be healthier and more sustainable than domestic ones.Its cool you can get eggs without grains tamo42.