Here is how the trap works. Basically, a platform will float on the water and at night a flood lamp turns on. The insects would be attracted to the lamp and fly towards the light. As the insects approach the light they will buzz around until they either fall in the pond or they get sucked in by a strategically placed fan. This fan will force the insects toward the waters surface where the fish in the pond will hunt the stranded bugs. The materials required to construct the trap are cheap. Special consideration on the electrical components must be taken in the design as to prevent any possibility of shock. Certain water proofing is essential, but aside from this only flaw the trap will work wonders. Negotiable is the addition of the fan. Please not that the sketch is a vague concept visualization.
Here is the sketch
Here is a brief introduction to the idea of aquaculture.
This part of the system is different in the sense that specially designed ponds instead of tanks would be used. This would allow more flexible ecosystem designs that allow properties of permaculture and aquaculture to aid each other. A benefit of the aquaculture is the control of diseases and pests normally associated with soil. Harmful insects cannot survive in an aquaculture environment. The focus of the aquaculture aspect will be the fish production and shallow root plants; lettuce, tomatoes, carrots, zucchini (boring worm protection), beans, etc. Larger rooting plants and grains cannot easily be sustained by aquaculture so I would lean towards permaculture for livestock, grains, fruiting trees and bushes, etc. I still got a lot more tweaking of my hybrid concept and this trap is just one of my ideas I wanted to share.
Here is a brief rundown of the benefits related to the added insect food source.
1 - Insects not only are on average 80% protein, have high levels of omega-3's, and they bring essential minerals and amino acids. Essentially, they bring more complex nutrition needed to not only to support fish but also plant health.
2 - The waist from the fish produces a valuable source of nutrients and especially nitrates which are needed for plant production.
3 - Insects are incredibly abundant and practically free.
4 - Corn feed and other substitutes are not only unhealthy for fish, they reduce the nutritional value of the fish as they do not satisfy a complete balanced diet.
5 - The fish meat does not taste like farmed fish.
6 - Controls insect populations naturally when strategically placed around crops without chemicals.
7 - Avoids killing beneficial insects and attracts unhelpful insects; moths, grasshoppers, beetles, flies, mosquitoes, etc
8 - Due to the pace of insect population regeneration, the food source would be steady throughout the warmer climates.
I'd probably skip the fan and run more lights with the power.
In a countryside setting with relatively little light pollution, a trap like this would be crawling with bugs after a few minutes. Making the cover easy to enter and challenging to exit could be helpful.
I wonder might make it even more attractive to bugs? Candles would put off CO2 and heat, which mosquitos and fleas would be attracted to. As well, the flame would be be more deadly to the bugs. But this would mean more maintenance, and probably higher costs.
Another factor, is there will probably be frogs, geckos, etc, attracted to the bugs. Frogs legs anyone?
Lastly, does the contraption provide more than 1 function? Potentially it feeds fish and plants in the system... it will probably add a minimal amount of heat to the pond. Is the light useful to you in some way? Will the design be beautiful? If you are walking the land at night, it will be the primary thing you will see.
Lastly, is there somewhere you could put a tank that you are likely to light anyway? If you keep a light by the door, or elsewhere, is there a way to harvest those bugs?
Your probably right on that. Another idea I had was to put the lamp under the water in a water proof housing. It would be simpler, but the basic idea is attracting bugs to the pond. I did some investigating and I have not found any details online of people doing this.
Worked for the inhabitants of the dead marshes
Also, I'll bet outdoor swim pool people would have some ideas about what to do with lights so as to minimize insect attraction.
When raising any sort of critters, light hours and frequency always seems to have some sort of role in growth rate and reproduction... I wonder what influence lights at night may have on the over all well being of everything involved in the system?
I think I would be more inclined to trap insects during the day and then feed them somehow or....
Did you see the video Paul posted on raising/feeding maggots to chickens? A setup similar to that could be done over the pond. You would have to provide food for the maggots