Just to add, bamboo is a grass - so anything that will eat young tender grass (like my geese) will eat bamboo shoots. Since even humans can eat young tender grass, I choose Phyllostachys dulcis in the hopes I'd get to eat some of it, but as Mike's observed, without protection in the spring, I usually loose to the geese, ducks and deer. My portable fencing I usually use got pressed into service elsewhere this year, but I did get a little.
All of these are running bamboos, but their spread is contained by the stock eating any shoots that come up outside of the fence that blocks them out of the grove during the 4 week spring shooting season. For the remainder of the year they have free access to the grove's interior.