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Creating an Edible or Medicinal Garden for Your Use and for Butterflies to Enjoy

 
Anne Miller
pollinator
Posts: 557
Location: USDA Zone 8a
36
bee dog food preservation greening the desert hunting toxin-ectomy
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"Pollinators are responsible for assisting over 80% of the world's flowering plants. Without them, humans and wildlife wouldn't have much to eat or look at! Animals that assist plants in their reproduction as pollinators include species of ants, bats, bees, beetles, birds, butterflies, flies, moths, wasps, as well as other unusual animals. Wind and water also play a role in the pollination of many plants."

Butterflies, like the honeybee, are excellent pollinators and will help increase your flower, fruit and vegetable production. The secret to successful butterfly gardens lies in providing a wide variety of flowers and shrubs.

One of the joys of having a garden is seeing the butterflies take wing among the flowers.  Simple flowers are better than fancy double-hybrids, offering an easy-to-reach nectar source.   Aim for a wide spectrum of flower colors. Some butterflies prefer oranges, reds and yellows, while others like whites, purples and blues.   "It's very true that if you plant it, they will come."

The truth is, butterflies don't care how you approach herb gardening, so long as you set out their favorite nectar and larval plants. And as I've discovered on my tiny parcel of land, a bit of creative mixing can be attractive and enjoyable. You'll be happier with an herb garden that has been thoughtfully planned. Consider, along with your own personal style and plant preferences, a pleasing combination of plant sizes, colors, textures, and seasons of bloom.

From the University of Texas article on Butterfly Gardening:      “A damp sand patch, baited with a small amount of manure, fermenting fruit such as bananas or cantaloupe, or ripe fish will attract butterflies in a puddle assemblage where they will be less wary. These assemblages make observation and photography easy.”

Make a Mud Puddle: The damp edges around garden ponds are perfect areas for butterfly puddling, but you can also make your own butterfly puddle by filling a small bowl with sand and moistening with water. Find a nice spot in your garden and dig the bowl into the ground.  Add a small pinch of salt to entice the males; you may find that many males of a single species come to visit with their friends. Decorate the butterfly puddle with river rocks or clam shells to give the butterflies a nice place to bask in the sun.

A butterfly-pleasing oregano for hedges is Origanum vulgare 'Aureum,' with its golden leaves and pink flowers.

You could build your entire herb garden around sage because there are hundreds of varieties, from annuals to biennials to tender or hardy perennials. Salvia coccinea, with its tubular red flowers, will appeal more to hummingbirds, but other red varieties will bring in butterflies: cherry sage (Salvia greggi), pineapple sage (S. rutilans), honeydew melon sage (S. elegans), and the annual variety, scarlet sage (S. splendens). Tall, blue-flowered sages for butterflies include Mexican bush sage (S. leucantha), blue sage (S. Clevelandii), bog sage (S. uliginosa), and anise-scented sage (S. guaranitica).

Pick carefully  Be careful not to carry small larvae into your kitchen when trimming off a bit of herb for your culinary creations.
Butterfly eggs are tiny, Monarch butterfly eggs are the size of a pin head, but they are often laid in bunches.

Please do your own research as to how these are edible or medicinal

Edible or Medicinal Flowers and Herbs
Coneflowers (Echinacea purpurea)
Passion Flowers (Passiflora spp.)
Spotted Joe Pye Weed (Eutrochium maculatum)
Lavender  (L. angustifolia)
lemon balm (Melissa officinalis)
bee balm (Mondara didyma)
wild bergamot (M. fistulosa)
lemon mint (M. citriodora)
plains beebalm (M. pectinata)
Oswego tea (M. didyma)
nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus)
Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

Herbs:
Chives (Allium schoenoprasum)
Cilantro (Coriandrum sativum)
Dill (Antheum graveolens)
Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)
mountain mint (Pycnanthemum spp.)
dotted mint (Monarda punctata)
Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)
purple oreganos, Origanum laevigatum 'Hopley's' and 'Herrenhausen,'
Thyme (Thymus spp.)
Creeping thyme (Thymus pseudolanguinosus)
wild marjoram (Origanum vulgare)
true valerian (Valeriana officinalis)



Some shrubs that butterflies like:   unknown if they are edible or medicinal
Coontie (Zamia pumila)
False Indigo (Baptisia australis)
Spicebush (Lindera benzoin )


Good Article on Herbs for Butterflies
 
Casie Becker
pollinator
Posts: 1182
Location: Just northwest of Austin, TX
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forest garden urban
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I'll add a side note for people just starting. It took three years before large numbers butterflies found my lantanas and a couple of years for the milkweed. I think if the milkweed hadn't been right next to the lantana it may have been three years, also. Don't give up if you don't have immediate results. Until this year I had come to the conclusion that were overrated as butterfly plants. This year we had clouds surrounding them ever time I went past.

That's not to say you won't have fast results. Small butterflies immediately found my culinary herbs and the numbers have increased every year I let the frog fruit proliferate.
 
Anne Miller
pollinator
Posts: 557
Location: USDA Zone 8a
36
bee dog food preservation greening the desert hunting toxin-ectomy
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Here are some butterflies you might attract:

pipevine-butterfly.jpg
[Thumbnail for pipevine-butterfly.jpg]
Pipevine Butterfly
Monarch-on-Mexican-Sunflower.jpg
[Thumbnail for Monarch-on-Mexican-Sunflower.jpg]
Monarch on Mexican Sunflower
Lavandula-pinnata-plant.gif
[Thumbnail for Lavandula-pinnata-plant.gif]
And a Lavender Plant
 
Anne Miller
pollinator
Posts: 557
Location: USDA Zone 8a
36
bee dog food preservation greening the desert hunting toxin-ectomy
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Purple coneflower is so easy to grow and attractive and draws so many birds and butterflies that you simply must grow coneflowers, if you have the room. Valued for its large sturdy daisylike flowers with dropping petals, this prairie native will spread easily in good soil and full sun. It is bothered by few pests or diseases. It's a great cut flower -- bring in armloads of it to brighten the house. And birds and butterflies love coneflower plants. Allow it to spread so that you have at least a small stand of it. Let the flowers go to seed and the goldfinches will love you, coming to feast on the coneflower seeds daily. Butterflies and helpful bees also love purple coneflower.

It used to be that rosy purple or white were the only choices in flower color. Recent hybrids have introduced yellow, orange, burgundy, cream, and shades in between.

I want to stay with natives as much as possible but I fell in love with "Hot Papaya coneflower"; it is out of my price range.

Echinacea - From Wikipedia

Some species of echinacea, notably E. purpurea, E. angustifolia, and E. pallida, are grown as ornamental plants in gardens. Many cultivars exist, and many of them are asexually propagated to keep them true to type.

They tolerate a wide variety of conditions, maintain attractive foliage throughout the season, and multiply rapidly. Appropriate species are used in prairie restorations. Echinacea plants also reseed in the fall. New flowers will grow where seeds have fallen from the prior year.

These flowering plants and their parts have different uses. Some species are cultivated in gardens for their showy flowers. Echinacea purpurea is used in folk medicine.

Some Species:

    Echinacea angustifolia – Narrow-leaf coneflower
    Echinacea atrorubens – Topeka purple coneflower
    Echinacea laevigata – Smooth coneflower, smooth purple coneflower
    Echinacea pallida – Pale purple coneflower
    Echinacea paradoxa – Yellow coneflower, Bush's purple coneflower
    Echinacea purpurea – Purple coneflower, eastern purple coneflower
    Echinacea sanguinea – Sanguine purple coneflower
    Echinacea serotina – Narrow-leaved purple coneflower
    Echinacea simulata – Wavyleaf purple coneflower
    Echinacea tennesseensis – Tennessee coneflower

Echinacea angustifolia was widely used by the North American Plains Indians for its supposed medicinal qualities.... some Plains tribes did use echinacea for cold symptoms. The Kiowa used it for coughs and sore throats, the Cheyenne for sore throats, the Pawnee for headaches, and many tribes including the Lakotah used it as a pain medication.

 
Anne Miller
pollinator
Posts: 557
Location: USDA Zone 8a
36
bee dog food preservation greening the desert hunting toxin-ectomy
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I found this list of edible flowers.

Caution: Other parts than the flowers of the plants mentioned in this list may be poisonous.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_edible_flowers
 
Anne Miller
pollinator
Posts: 557
Location: USDA Zone 8a
36
bee dog food preservation greening the desert hunting toxin-ectomy
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dedicated thread about just plain ol' eatin' herbs. (though some of them are still indeed medicinal) so here's me starting one with this nifty infographic.


https://permies.com/t/52705/cooking-flavoring-fresh-herbs#545164

These cooking herbs can be planted along with the ones the butterflies like.  Some of them may also help to repel pests like bugs, deer and rabbits.

What I like best about the Chart is because of the Key Flavor Profile and the cooking tip!  Great info!  It also tells how to store fresh herbs that you purchase at the store.
 
Anne Miller
pollinator
Posts: 557
Location: USDA Zone 8a
36
bee dog food preservation greening the desert hunting toxin-ectomy
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Botanically, herb is short for herbaceous, meaning a plant that grows from a soft—not woody—stem. Historically, however, the word herb refers to plants that are useful to people by way of their flavor, fragrance, or medicinal properties, no matter what type of stem they grow from.

When you think of an herb garden you may picture a summertime patch of colorful plants, but not all herbs exist just for summer harvest. Some of the most common herbs grown in the United States are evergreen . Growing evergreen herbs requires a little more care than raising annual varieties, but the rewards are worth the effort. Watch the weather and give these plants some protection during the worst of winter weather by piling leaf mold around the base and covering the plants with fleece or other warm fabrics.



Silver thyme Thymus vulgaris ‘Argenteus’ is a wonderful herb to grow in cracks and crevices. This evergreen grows up to 12 inches tall and has small lavender-pink blossoms in summer. Its fragrant, silver-edged leaves create a bushy and abundant texture that can be used to soften hard edges or to dapple a pathway. Zones: 4 to 9 Thyme needs a mention in a list of deer resistant and drought tolerant herbs.

Ornamental oregano Origanum laevigatum An excellent herb that grows well in stone walls, this 24-inch-tall creeping perennial is native to Turkey and Cypress, where it can be found growing in rocky terrain. Its dark-green leaves have a rich purple tint, and its purplish-pink flower clusters appear from late spring through autumn. Zones: 7 to 10 Deer resistant

Roman chamomile Chamaemelum nobile A hardy perennial, Roman chamomile thrives in moist, rich soil and grows to 12 inches tall. Its young leaves and flowers can be gathered to make a calming tea. Its threadlike leaves fill the air with a pleasing apple-pineapple scent. This delightful herb reveals its white, daisylike blooms in summer. Although it spreads like a ground cover, it tends to be patchy. Zones: 6 to 9

‘Berggarten’ sage Salvia officinalis ‘Berggarten’ One of the most beautiful foliage herbs, originally from Germany, is ‘Berggarten’ sage, which has a shapely, compact habit and large rounded leaves. At 2 feet tall, it’s perfect for planting at the corners of beds and along walkways. Zones: 5 to 8 Deer resistant

Catmint Nepeta X faassenii With its smallish gray-green leaves, arching habit, and lavender-blue flowers in summer, it can soften and adorn the edges of beds. In particular, its 18-inch-tall form blends well. This catmint has few medicinal or culinary attributes, but it does make a lovely cut flower. It is often irresistible to cats, so you may find a euphoric feline friend lying in the center of your plants from time to time. Zones: 4 to 8 Deer resistant

‘Salem’ rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis ‘Salem’ Evergreen ‘Salem’ rosemary is another excellent foliage plant. Its shiny, green, needlelike leaves weave through beds like a thread in a tapestry, and it bears small blue flowers in early spring. This herb makes an excellent hedging plant or accent at the edge of borders or in containers. ‘Salem’ reaches up to 2 feet tall, but it takes well to pruning throughout the growing season. Zones: 7 to 10 What makes rosemary so wonderful, its unique smell, also makes it unpalatable to deer and other wildlife. Being a Mediterranean herb, Rosemary is a no-brainer as the perfect herb for a drought garden.

Cardoon Cynara cardunculus Its gray-green arching leaves and statuesque frame give rise to its round, purple, thistlelike flowers in midsummer. In its glory, cardoon reaches 5 feet tall and 4 feet wide and is perfect in a mixed border. The magnificent flower heads can be cut and dried for floral arrangements. As an edible plant, its leaf stalks and midribs are tasty when blanched, while the unopened flower heads can be boiled and eaten, like those of its close cousin the artichoke. Zones: 7 to 9

‘Tutti Frutti’ anise hyssop Agastache ‘Tutti Frutti’ Another herb that attracts a great deal of attention in the border is ‘Tutti Frutti’ anise hyssop. Its stunning raspberry-red flower spikes reach up to a foot long and offer appealing color in late summer. Plants stand 2 to 6 feet tall with gray-green toothed leaves. Zones: 6 to 10 deer resistant

Garlic chives Allium tuberosum It’s hard to miss this plant in late summer when its lovely starry-white flowers are in full bloom. After it flowers, cut the attractive seed heads back to prevent vigorous seedlings from sprouting up everywhere. The seed heads are great for decorative use indoors, while the flat, garlic-flavored leaves can be harvested throughout the growing season to add to soups, sauces, and dips. Zones: 4 to 8 Deer resistant
 
Anne Miller
pollinator
Posts: 557
Location: USDA Zone 8a
36
bee dog food preservation greening the desert hunting toxin-ectomy
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This topic has a list of medicinal herbs that would be worthy of any herb garden.  I have not gone the the link provided so I am only posting this for the list.  I plan to research the ones that are not familiar to me.

https://permies.com/t/11669/kitchen/Medicinal-plants-herbs-healing-diseases

Vinko Cev wrote:MEDICINAL PLANTS AND HERBS FOR HEALING DISEASES.


We prepared short list of diseases which can be cured by using various medicinal plants. They can at least alleviate the problems we have because of illness. The advantages of use are in prevention and medicinal intentions. Above all, we can provide a lot of herbs and medicinal plants by ourselves in meadows, fields, forests , well in nature.
We believe that ECHINACEA (Echinacea purpurea), ANGELICA (Angelica archangelica), ARNICA (Arnica montana), BASIL (Ocimum basilicum), ELDER BUSH (Sambucus nigra), WHORTLEBERRY (Vaccinium myrtillus), WILD STRAWBERRIES (Fragaria vesca), CHAMOMILE (Matricaria chamomilla), NETTLE (Urtica dioica), CORN SILK (Stigmata maydis), QUINCE (Cydónia oblónga Mill), COLTSFOOT (Tussilago farfara), WILD PANSY (Viola Tricolor herba), Marjoram (Origanum majarona), THYME (Thymus vulgaris), MELISE (Melissa officinalis), HOREHOUND (Marrubium Vulgare), HOUSELEEK (Sempervivum tectorum), MARIGOLD (Calendula officinalis), MISTLETOE (Viscum album), ABSINTH (Artemisia absinthium), LUNGWORT (Pulmonaria officinalis), RHUBARB (Rheum officinale), DANDELION (Taraxacum officinale), ROSEMARY (Rosmarinus Officinalis), LAVENDER (Lavandula angustifolia), SPRUCE TIPS (Picea excelsa), ST JOHN'S WORT (Hypericum perforatum), PLANTAIN (Plantago lanceolata), VIOLET (Viola odorata), SAGE (Salvia officinalis), and of course other herbs should not be missing in any domestic pharmacy.

For now, we prepared for you this collection of medical plants, that should not miss in home apothecary. We will supplement web page soon and add more plants, that will help you with easing and treatment of your diseases and troubles.


This link has a list of safe herbs and benefits for your Canine Friend

http://www.natural-dog-health-remedies.com/safe-herbs-for-dogs.html

Canine Dental Care

http://www.natural-dog-health-remedies.com/canine-dental-care.html

Fortunately, a number of herbs can be used to speed up the healing process and to prevent recurrence:

    Oregon grape: Use a tincture of Oregon grape to inhibit bacterial growth. Use a cotton swab to liberally apply the tincture directly to your dog's gums. Oregon grape is antiseptic and also promotes new gum tissue growth. Other herbs with similar properties include Goldenseal, and Myrrh.
    Echinacea: If the teeth are infected and your dog is weak and thin as a result of his dental problem, try apply a tincture of echinacea directly to your dog's gums directly with a cotton swab.
    Calendula: If your dog has bleeding gums, apply a tincture of calendula directly to the gums. Calendula is excellent for healing wounds and stopping bleeding.

Some herbs are well known for their abilities to promote dental health and fresh breath. For example:

    Fennel - Fennel is rich in vitamin C, has anti-inflammatory properties, and can help fight gingivitis and freshen your dog's breath.
    Parsley - Parsley also has potent antimicrobial properties and is commonly used as a breath freshener.
    Dill - Dill has potent antimicrobial properties that helps fight infections.

The good news is, all these culinary herbs can easily be fed to your dog. Just sprinkle some of these herbs on his food every day!



 
2017 Permaculture Design Course at Wheaton Labs
http://richsoil.com/pdc
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