Bryant RedHawk wrote:anaerobic compost will have an excessive number of ciliates, these critters eat bacteria, fungi, nematodes and all the other micro organisms we want to add to the soil.
ciliates thrive in anaerobic conditions only, thus by keeping O2 present we are limiting the ability of "bad" critters to multiply or even survive.
As we find out more about how soil organisms work, we also find out which "accepted" methods are actually more harmful than helpful.
Bryant RedHawk wrote:hau Angelika, It is nice that you realize this thread is from the book I am working on for a Doctorate
All plants will suck up not only the nutrients they need, many of those toxic molecules are similar enough to "the good stuff" that they end up being taken in as well. In the human body a good example of this process is lead, it mimics a couple of compounds our bodies use for brain health and if it is present in our bodies, the lead will be substituted for the correct molecules, this is what leads to lead poisoning, the same can and does happen in all living organisms. If you have known contamination you can inoculate with several different mushroom slurries and the hyphae will help remediate the contaminates by taking them into themselves.
As with other major classes of macromolecules, the biological roles of glycans span the spectrum from those that appear to be relatively subtle, to those that are crucial for the development, growth, functioning, or survival of the organism that synthesizes them. Many glycans have not yet been assigned a function, because efforts to study them have not been made or a function is not yet evident. Over the years, many theories have been advanced regarding the biological roles of glycans. Although there is evidence to support all of these theories, exceptions to each can also be easily found. This should not be surprising, given the enormous diversity of glycans in nature. Added complexities arise from the fact that glycans are frequently targets for the binding of microbes and microbial toxins, that is, they can be detrimental to the organism that synthesizes them.
The biological roles of glycans can be divided into two broad categories: (1) the structural and modulatory properties of glycans and (2) the specific recognition of glycans by other molecules—most commonly, glycan-binding proteins (GBPs). The GBPs can be subdivided into two major groups: (1) intrinsic GBPs, which recognize glycans from the same organism and (2) extrinsic GBPs, which recognize glycans from a different organism. Intrinsic GBPs typically mediate cell–cell interactions or recognize extracellular molecules, but they can also recognize glycans on the same cell. Extrinsic GBPs consist mostly of pathogenic microbial adhesins, agglutinins, or toxins, but some also mediate symbiotic relationships. These two types of glycan recognition likely act as opposing selective forces driving evolutionary change, at least partly accounting for the enormous diversity of glycan structure found in nature. Further complexity arises from the fact that some microbial pathogens engage in “molecular mimicry,” evading immune reactions by decorating themselves with glycans typical of their hosts. Finally, some microbes are themselves targets of their own pathogens (e.g., bacteriophages that invade bacteria), and glycan recognition is a common feature of these interactions as well.
Approaches taken to understand the biological roles of glycans include the prevention of initial glycosylation, prevention of glycan chain elongation, alteration of glycan processing, enzymatic or chemical deglycosylation of completed chains, genetic elimination of glycosylation sites, and the study of naturally occurring genetic variants and mutants in glycosylation (see further discussion below). The consequences of such manipulations range from being essentially undetectable to the complete loss of particular functions or even loss of the entire glycoconjugate bearing the altered glycan. Even within a particular class of molecules, for example cell-surface receptors, the effects of altering glycosylation are variable and unpredictable. Moreover, the same glycosylation change can have markedly different effects in different cell types, or when studied in vivo or in vitro. The answer obtained may depend on the structure of the glycan, the biological context (intrinsic or extrinsic interaction), and the specific biological question being asked. Given all of the above considerations, it is difficult to predict a priori the functions that a given glycan on a given glycoconjugate might mediate and its relative importance to the organism.
Cinda Wood wrote:Yes and one more question about the oxygen if you do not mind. Do you know of any study on the electric connectivity of plants or even if there is such a thing. Most well water reaches 1900 and some where people go to bathe can reach up to 3800. I read where some soils have even higher numbers. If you have - could you share your source?
Also the glycan I look for in any test on plants would be:
Glucuronic Acid (GlcA)
Galacturonic acid (GalA)
N-Acetyl Galactosamine (GalNAc)
N-Acetyl Glucosamine (GlcNAc)
N-Acetyl Glucosamine (GlcNAc)
Biological content is the organisms quantity we want to have in our soil, not organic matter (that would be humus content or organic matter content).
In order of efficiency if you guys would want to improve your soil quickly what methods would you use first and which last:
mineral balancing (already started)
creating a first class compost (given the forementioned materials)
compost teas and brews (the aerated ones)
benficial microorganisms (the home brewed ones)
Angelika Maier wrote:That sounds really logic. The compost is also important because of all the organic matter -weeds and the stuff he brings home, unfortunately nothing what usual compost making manuals tell. Lawn clippings that's not us. But our weed piles are impressive! And looking at them they don't seem to belong fully in the 'green' category.
My husband has a bobcat, and he has a post-hole driller. I get him to dig a hole, and then fill it with wood, bark, weeds, manure and cardboard. There is no great care or method, as I have many other commitments and only squeeze in a bit of gardening when I can. When I have added these ingredients, I backfill and plant a tree.