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This thread is very much still in progress, but I've found permies does a better job of saving my work than Word does, so I'm using this as my "Word" document


My property is mostly wet or shaded, and often wet AND shaded, so I've gotten to find out a what sort of edible plants grow in these conditions. There's surprisingly quite a few. I thought it might be nice to have a thread that lists all the plants I know of, for my own reference as well as yours if you need it! If you know of any plants that I've missed, please mention them, and I'll try to add them!


Shady:

Herbaceous Layer:
  • Wood/Wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca) yummy little strawberries:
  • Wild violet (Viola odorata) edible, tasty flower
  • Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis)
  • Wood sorrel (Oxalis acetosella): In the damper areas. Looks like cute little shamrocks and tastes like bright sunshine--a sweet and lemony flavor.
  • Sheep sorrel(Rumex acetosella): also seems to tolerate shade. A sweet, "lemony" leaf. Very tasty!
  • Miner's Lettuce (Claytonia perfoliata): Tasty, mild green.
  • Siberian Miner's Lettuce (Claytonia sibirica): Sometimes tasty, sometimes tastes like dirt. The one's growing wild on my property taste like dirt . Make sure you're getting a tasty variety.
  • Hostas (Hosta): Young shoots supposedly cook up like asparagus! I can't wait until my plants are big enough that I can eat some. Some varieties like/need more shade than others.
  • Ramps(Allium tricoccum)
  • Ramsons/Wild Garlic (Allium ursinum) Prefer semi-shade
  • Mint:loves to spread. Beware!
  • Mushrooms!


  • Vines Layer:
  • Trailing blackberry: Not really a vine, but kind of takes up that zone
  • Hardy kiwis? Supposedly they don't mind part-shade, though I haven't tried to grow them yet.


  • Shrub Layer
  • Red Huckleberry (Vaccinium parvifolium): Likes to grow on WesternRed cedar stumps and debri. Will fruit in full sun to dappled light/part-shade, maybe even full shade.
  • Salal (Gaultheria shallon)
  • Oregon Grape (Mahonia aquifolium)Edible berried. Roots are medicinal, like Goldenseal
  • Nettle(Urtica dioica): Seems to handle shady and part shade rather well. Tasty leaves. Some manage to eat the raw without getting stung. I cook mine! Probably only want to eat 1-2 times per week, as it can cause damage to kidneys if consumed in LARGE amounts. Very nutritious plant, and a good source of protein, too!
  • Salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis): Doesn't seem to fruit in deep shade, but the leaves are edible. In part/open shade, it makes little red to yellow berries (color depends on the plant) that are generally slightly sweet and watery. Not the best berry, but ripens before any other berry on my property, so a lot get eaten! Makes a great hedge, and can compete against himallayan blackberry if you  help it out.
  • Sweet, soft, velvety berries. They get dried out if in too much sun &/or heat &/or dry weather (I haven't quite figured out which one). Seems to do best in part shade--like 2-6 hours a day, or dappled light
  • Currant: My sink currant fruits in part shade, and grows in dappled forest (might fruit there, too.) Not sure about other currants, though...
  • Blackcap raspberry: supposedly likes part shade. I haven't tested this though. The berries are delicious.
  • Gooseberry
  • Devil's Club: Shoots are edible, but i haven't tried them. The plant is medicinal. It's giant and thorny, though...


  • Small Tree/Tall Shrub Layer:
  • Salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis)oesn't fruit in full shade, but grows there and fruits in dappled light.
  • Thimbleberry (Rubus parviflorus): Fruits in part shade
  • Red Elderberry (Sambucus racemosa): fruits in part shade on my property. Berries not edible unless processed carefully. Even then, not everyone agrees that they're edible. Flowers are edible.
  • Serviceberry/Saskatoon(Amelanchier): supposedly grow in part shade. Not sure if they'll fruit, though, Mine's growing but has yet to bloom after three years...
  • Vine Maple: The flowers and leaves are edible...and if you found one big enough, you could tap it...
  • Hazelnuts




  • Wet: (Some can handle being really wet all year round, other's just handle seasonal wetness--you'd see them in a wetlands, or growing a foot from a stream, but not in a pond)

    Herbaceous Layer:

  • Arrowhead/Wapato
  • Camas
  • Cattail
  • Water chestnut
  • Wood sorrel
  • Mushrooms!


  • Vines Layer:
  • Trailing blackberry: Not really a vine, but kind of takes up that zone


  • Shrub Layer:
  • Skunk/stink currant: Smells of pine, and berries taste slightly sweet and piney too. An interesting flavor--my husband loves them.


  • Small Tree/Tall Shrub Layer:
  • Salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis)oesn't fruit in full shade, but grows there and fruits in dappled light.
  • Thimbleberry (Rubus parviflorus): Fruits in part shade
  • Red Elderberry (Sambucus racemosa): fruits in part shade on my property. Berries not edible unless processed carefully. Even then, not everyone agrees that they're edible. Flowers are edible.


  • Canopy Tree:
  • Red Alder: You can tap it, but supposedly doesn't taste good. Leaves and catkins are also technically edible. Haven't tried them yet.
  • Big Leaf Maple: Can't handle very wet soils, but can handle the drier areas of a wetlands. Sap is edible (boil it down to syrup--yum!) and the flowers are edible and not too bad tasting




  • Shady AND Wet:

    Herbaceous Layer:

  • Wasabi
  • Wood/Wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca) yummy little strawberries:
  • Wild violet (Viola odorata) edible, tasty flower
  • Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis)
  • Wood sorrel (Oxalis acetosella): In the damper areas. Looks like cute little shamrocks and tastes like bright sunshine--a sweet and lemony flavor.
  • Sheep sorrel(Rumex acetosella): also seems to tolerate shade. A sweet, "lemony" leaf. Very tasty!
  • Miner's Lettuce (Claytonia perfoliata): Tasty, mild green.
  • Siberian Miner's Lettuce (Claytonia sibirica): Sometimes tasty, sometimes tastes like dirt. The one's growing wild on my property taste like dirt . Make sure you're getting a tasty variety.
  • Licorice Fern: Grows on mostly maple trees
  • Mushrooms! As long as you're not trying to grow them in a puddle, that is!


  • Vines Layer:
  • Trailing blackberry: Not really a vine, but kind of takes up that zone
  • Boysenberry:
  • Licorice fern: Not a vine, but it grows up on trees, so it thought I'd mention it here, too.


  • Shrub Layer:

  • Red Huckleberry (Vaccinium parvifolium): Likes to grow on WesternRed cedar stumps and debri. Will fruit in full sun to dappled light/part-shade, maybe even full shade. Will grow in wetlands if growing on a log raised above the water
  • stink currant (probably other currants as well)
  • Nettle(Urtica dioica): Seems to handle shady and part shade rather well. Tasty leaves. Some manage to eat the raw without getting stung. I cook mine! Probably only want to eat 1-2 times per week, as it can cause damage to kidneys if consumed in LARGE amounts. Very nutritious plant, and a good source of protein, too!
  • Cascade Huckleberry: Only partial shade
  • Salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis)oesn't fruit in full shade, but grows there and fruits in dappled light.
  • Thimbleberry (Rubus parviflorus): Fruits in part shade
  • [/list]
  • Red Elderberry (Sambucus racemosa): fruits in part shade on my property. Berries not edible unless processed carefully. Even then, not everyone agrees that they're edible. Flowers are edible.
  • Devil's Club: Shoots are edible, but i haven't tried them. The plant is medicinal. It's giant and thorny, though...
  • Sword fern: Supposedly the tubors are edible, but I haven't tried them
  • Lady fern: Supposedly, the "fiddleheads" are edible, but I haven't tried them.
  • Currant: My sink currant fruits in part shade, and grows in dappled forest (might fruit there, too.) Not sure about other currants, though...
  • Blackcap raspberry: supposedly likes part shade. I haven't tested this though. The berries are delicious.
  • Gooseberry
  • Devil's Club: Shoots are edible, but i haven't tried them. The plant is medicinal. It's giant and thorny, though...



  • Small Tree/Tall Shrub Layer (I.e. things taller than I can reach):
  • Salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis)oesn't fruit in full shade, but grows there and fruits in dappled light.
  • Thimbleberry (Rubus parviflorus): Fruits in part shade
  • Red Elderberry (Sambucus racemosa): fruits in part shade on my property. Berries not edible unless processed carefully. Even then, not everyone agrees that they're edible. Flowers are edible.
  • Serviceberry/Saskatoon(Amelanchier): supposedly grow in part shade. Not sure if they'll fruit, though, Mine's growing but has yet to bloom after three years...
  • Vine Maple: The flowers and leaves are edible...and if you found one big enough, you could tap it...
  • Cascara Buckrhorn: Technically edible berries, but more medicinal. It's a diuretic. So, if you need to go, some berries might help...



  • If you know of any other wet and/or shade tollerant plants, please share them!
     
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